CESI Baseline Research Project 97-8

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Hydrologic Variation/Ecological Processes in the Mangrove Forests
James E. Saiers & Thomas J. Smith III

View of mangrove forest along the Little Shark River

NPS Photo


Everglades National Park preserves the single largest stand of protected mangrove forest in the northern hemisphere. Historically, freshwater would move through these coastal systems in vast quantities as it drained into nearshore estuaries. But following a century of efforts to manage south Florida's watershed, the flow of freshwater now reaching these forests has been greatly reduced.

The current Everglades restoration effort endeavors to return greater quantities of water to the mangrove coast. As such, measurable indicators will be required against which to evaluate restoration success. This CESI-funded investigation examines how these mangrove systems might respond to changes in freshwater flow using allometric, or scaling, relations.





Bolster, C. H., D. P. Genereux, & J. E. Saiers. 2001. Determination of Specific Yield for the Biscayne Aquifer with a Canal-Drawdown Test. Ground Water 39(5): 768-777.

Krauss, K. W., T. W. Doyle, R. R. Twilley, T. J. Smith III, K. R. T. Whelan, & J. K. Sullivan. 2005. Woody Debris in the Mangrove Forests of South Florida. Biotropica 37(1): 9-15

Saiers, J. E., D. P. Genereux, & C. H. Bolster. 2004. Influence of Calibration Methodology on Ground Water Flow Predictions. Ground Water 42(1): 32-44.

Smith III, T. J. & K. R. T. Whelan. 2006. Development of allometric relations for three mangrove species in South Florida for use in the Greater Everglades Ecosystem restoration. Wetlands Ecology and Management 14: 409-419.



Contact the principal investigator directly with questions about this study,or to receive copies of related publications.


Hydrologic, Variation, Ecological, Processes, Mangrove, Forests, Everglades, CESI, Critical Ecosystem Studies Initiative, Smith

Last updated: April 14, 2015

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