CESI Monitoring Project 97-1


Avian Restoration in Everglades National Park: An Evaluation of the Brown-Headed Nuthatch and Eastern Bluebird Reintroduction Program During the 2-Year Post-Translocational Period (2002-2003)
Gary L. Slater

Closeup of Eastern Bluebird

By 1997, seven species of breeding birds historically present in the pine rocklands of south Florida had been locally extirpated. These losses were generally attributed to a continued fragmentation and conversion of habitat, degradation of existing habitat, and effects associated with small populations.

Everglades National Park hosts the largest contiguous remnant parcel of pine rockland habitat in south Florida. Forest maturation and relatively recent advances in fire management were believed to yield areas hospitable to the reintroduction of select species. During 1997-2001, populations of both the Brown-headed Nuthatch and the Eastern Bluebird were reintroduced in the area of Long Pine Key. This two-year post-reintroduction study offers a detailed assessment of these efforts, and provides important insights for additional reintroductions in the future.


Please contact us to read a copy of this report


Contact the principal investigator directly with questions about this study.

Pine Rockland, Everglades, Birds, Gary Slater, Wild Turkey, Meleagris gallopavo, Eastern Bluebird, Sialia sialis, Brown-headed Nuthatch, Sitta pusilla, Reintroduction

Last updated: June 1, 2021

Park footer

Contact Info

Mailing Address:

40001 State Road 9336
Homestead, FL 33034-6733


305 242-7700

Contact Us