Nature & Science

El Morro Nature & Science

While small in area (1,278 acres), El Morro National Monument offers visitors a chance to encounter a variety of flora and fauna, as well as an array of geological and astronomical wonders.

A variety of plant and animal life can be found at the monument, including many rare or unexpected living treasures.. The bluff itself is primarily Zuni Sandstone, and was part of an ancient sand dune field that covered most of the Four Corners area millions of years ago. It is capped by a darker sandstone layer called Dakota Sandstone. In addition to the geologic makeup of El Morro, the soil in the monument is often composed of a living, fragile soil crust known as cryptobiotic soil.

Pink-sided junco


Cliffs, woodlands, and meadows shelter a diversity of life here. More->

Common sunflowers at El Morro


Nearly 400 species of plants are found at El Morro. More->

Environmental Factors ->

Environmental Factors

Our dynamic climate, clean air, and dark night skies can't be overlooked. More->

Natural Features & Ecosystems

Natural Features & Ecosystems

Geology, soils, and natural features help define the natural setting of the monument. More->

Last updated: February 24, 2015

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Mailing Address:

HC 61 Box 43
Ramah, NM 87321


(505) 783-4226 x801

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