Executive Orders (EOs)
Presidential Memoranda, Proclamations, & Plans
Building Codes & Industry Standards
Government Directives & Government Standards
Department of the Interior (DOI) Policies
National Park Service (NPS) Requirements
General Design Guidance
Products & Materials
Sustainability Rating Systems
- PL 102-486 - Energy Policy Act of 1992
- PL 109-058 - Energy Policy Act of 2005 - Among other things this legislation requires:
- Reduced building energy consumption by at least 30% (20% for renovation) compared with ASHRAE 90.1 / IECC (where LCC effective).
- Reduced water usage.
- Specification of premium efficiency motors.
- Procurement of both on-grid and off-grid renewable energy generation systems (solar hot water, solar electric, solar outdoor lighting, small wind turbines, fuel cells, etc.) where such systems are life-cycle cost-effective.
- Specification of recovered minerals in cement and concrete as recommended by EPA guidance in their "Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines".
- Provides a mechanism whereby design firms may obtain an income tax credit up to $1.80 per square foot of designed building, when design can be shown to meet specific energy targets.
- Requires the use of Energy Star or FEMP designated products - for products covered by either of these programs.
- PL 110-140 - Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (pdf) - Among other things this legislation:
- Lengthens study period for Life Cycle Cost (LCC) analyses from 25 years to 40 years.
- Requires projects to dramatically reduce their use of fossil fuel derived energy. See reference below in General Design Guidance, Energy for link to comparative Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) data for calculation.
- Requires projects to derive at least 30% of their energy for water heating from solar (where LCC effective).
- Projects with a footprint exceeding 5,000 square feet must use site planning, design, construction, and maintenance strategies to control storm water runoff. (See DSC Briefing Paper - Project Hydrology Requirements of EISA.)
- Summary of Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (pdf)
- PL 111-8 - Omnibus Appropriations Act, 2009 (section 748) (pdf) - This appropriations act incorporates Executive Order (EO) 13423 into law. (Please note EO 13423 has been revoked and replaced with EO 13693.)
- EO 11988 - Floodplain Management (pdf)
- Signed: May 24, 1977
- Federal Register page and date: 42 FR 26951, 1977
- Requires Federal agencies to determine if their actions will occur in a floodplain.
- Requires Federal agencies to consider alternatives to development within floodplains.
- EO 11990 - Protection of Wetlands
- Signed: May 24, 1977
- Federal Register page and date: 42 FR 26961, 1977
- Directs all Federal agencies to minimize the destruction, loss, or degradation of wetlands; and preserve and enhance the natural beneficial values of wetlands in the conduct of the agency's responsibilities for: acquiring, managing, and disposing of Federal lands and facilities; providing Federally undertaken, financed, or assisted construction and improvements; and conducting Federal activities and programs affecting land use, including but not limited to water and related land resources planning, regulating, and licensing activities.
- EO 12072 - Federal Space Management
- Signed: August 16, 1978
- 43 FR 36869, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 213
- Where not prohibited, the process for meeting Federal space needs shall give first consideration to a centralized community business area and adjacent areas of similar character, including other specific areas which may be recommended by local officials.
- EO 13006 - Locating Federal Facilities on Historic Properties in our Nation's Central Cities (pdf)
- Signed: May 21, 1996
- Federal Register / Vol. 61, No. 102 / Friday, May 24, 1996 / Presidential Documents
- Encourages the Location of Federal Facilities on Historic Properties in Our Central Cities.
- EO 13221 - Energy Efficient Standby Power Devices (pdf)
- Signed: July 31, 2001
- Federal Register Vol 68, Issue 142 July 24, 2003
- EO 13423 - Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management
- Revoked and replaced with EO 13693.
- EO 13514 - Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance
- Revoked and replaced with EO 13693.
- EO 13653 - Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change (pdf)
- Requires agencies to remove or reform barriers that “discourage investments or other actions to increase the Nation’s resilience to climate change.”
- Requires agencies to “identify opportunities to support and encourage smarter, more climate-resilient investments.”
- EO 13690 - Federal Flood Risk Management Standard
- Signed: January 30, 2015
- Federal Register page and date: FR Doc. 2015-02379
- Requires Federal Agencies to prepare for resilience against flooding.
- Requires Federal Agencies to avoid flood plain development wherever there is a practicable alternative.
- Adds an additional 2 feet to base flood elevation for non-critical actions and adding an additional 3 feet to base flood elevations for critical actions.
- EO 13693 - Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade (pdf)
- Replaces EO 13514 and EO 13423 and revokes Presidential Memorandum Dated December 5th, 2013 Federal Leadership on Energy and Management.
- The goal of EO 13693 is to maintain Federal leadership in sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reductions.
- Where life cycle cost effective, Agency wide, building energy intensity (BTUH/SF) shall be reduced by 2.5% annually through the end of fiscal year 2025.
- Establishes Agency requirements for clean energy, renewable electric energy, and alternative energy.
- Requires a reduction in potable and non potable water consumption.
- Reduces green house gasses of agency fleet vehicles.
- Establishes Agency goal of 15% of all existing buildings above 5,000 SF by fiscal year 2025. Comply with the revised guiding principles.
- Implement actions for Agency goal of net zero energy, waste, and water for existing buildings 5,000 SF or larger by fiscal year 2025.
- June 2013 - The President's Climate Action Plan (pdf)
- Outlines 3 key pillars: Cut Carbon Pollution in America, Prepare US for the Impacts of Climate Change, Lead International Efforts to Combat Global Climate Change and Prepare for its Impacts.
- Encourages Federal Government to be the leader in clean energy and energy efficiency.
- Establishes agency goal of using 20% of the electricity from renewable sources by year 2020.
Code of Federal Regulations
- 7 CFR PART 2902 - Guidelines for Designating Biobased Products for Federal Procurement
- 10 CFR 430 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnaces and Boilers; Final Rule
- 10 CFR 433 - Energy Efficiency Standards for the Design and Construction of New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High-Rise Residential Buildings (Final Rule goes into effect Jan 22, 2008.)
- 10 CFR 434 - Energy Code for New Federal Commercial and Multi-Family High Rise Residential Buildings (Final Rule goes into effect Jan 22, 2008.)
- 10 CFR 435 - Energy Efficiency Standards for New Federal Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Final Rule goes into effect Jan 22, 2008.)
- 10 CFR 436 - Federal Energy Management and Planning Programs - Requires federal agencies to specify Energy Star qualified or FEMP designated products (in product categories covered by these two programs) unless an exception is granted, in writing, by the head of the agency.
- Federal Register Vol. 71, No. 160 8/18/2006 - Standard for Premium Energy Efficient Electric Motors for Federal Acquisition
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)
- FAR Parts 2, 4, 7, 11, 12, 13, 23, 42, 45 and 52.2 - The Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) address environmental considerations in contracting and procurement procedures. These parts outline acquisition planning, energy and water efficiency, renewable energy, use of recovered materials, biobased products, hazardous materials, and waste reduction.
- ASHRAE Guideline 0-2005, The Commissioning Process
- ASHRAE Guideline 1.1-2007 - HVAC&R Technical Requirements for The Commissioning Process
- ASHRAE 52.2-2007; Method of Testing General Ventilation Air-Cleaning Devices for Removal Efficiency by Particle Size
- ASHRAE Standard 55-2010, Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy
- ASHRAE Standard 62.1-2010, Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality
- ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2014, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings
- ASHRAE Standard 189.1-2011, Standard for the Design of High-Performance, Green Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings
- International Building Code (IBC) 2015
- International Existing Building Code (IEBC) 2015
- Federal Leadership in High Performance and Sustainable Buildings Memorandum of Understanding (pdf) - Updated (12/08)
- Guiding Principles for Sustainable Federal Buildings and Associated Instructions (pdf). Update includes GP's for existing buildings.
- Climate Change Adaptation Plan (pdf) - Establishes a set of Guiding Principles for climate change adaptation.
- DOI Sustainable Buildings Implementation Plan (pdf)- Addresses thresholds for compliance with Guiding Principles. (There is an addendum to this document ca. 2013 removing the requirement for formal LEED™ certification and defining major renovations).
- Part 523 of the Department of the Interior Manual (Climate Change Policy 2012) - Issued December 20, 2012. This Chapter establishes Departmental policy and provides guidance to bureaus and offices for addressing climate change impacts upon the Department's mission, programs, operations, and personnel.
- Renewable Energy Development by the Department of the Interior (pdf) - This order establishes the development of renewable energy as a priority for the DOI, establishes a departmental task force and clarifies DOI roles and responsibilities to accomplish the goal.
- Secretarial Order No. 3289 (pdf) - Issued September 14, 2009. Addresses the Impacts of Climate Change on America's Water, Land, and Other Natural and Cultural Resources.
- The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation & Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings (pdf) - Provides guidelines for incorporating sustainability principles in historic building rehabilitations.
Management Policies 2006 - The Guide to Managing the National Park System
- Chapter 1 The Foundation
- Chapter 4 Natural Resource Management
- 4.9 Soundscape Management - Preserve, to the greatest extent possible, the natural soundscapes of the parks.
- 4.10 Lightscape Management (natural ambient) - The effective use of good design to appropriately light areas and minimize or eliminate light clutter, the spill over of light into areas where light is not wanted, and light pollution, all of which wastes energy and impacts park visitors, neighbors and resources.
- Chapter 9 Park Facilities
- 18.104.22.168 Sustainable Energy Design - "...All projects that include visitor centers or major visitor services facilities must incorporate LEED™ (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards to achieve a silver rating."
- 22.214.171.124 Acquisition of Environmentally Preferable and Energy - Efficient Products
- 9.1.7 Energy Management
- Chapter 10 Commercial Visitor Service
- 10.2.2 Commercial Visitor Services Planning - Adopts appropriate energy and water conservation, source reduction, and environmental purchasing standards and goals.
Director's Orders (DOs)
- DO 13A: Environmental Management Systems - This DO articulates the principles and policies for developing and implementing a Servicewide EMS approach that guides environmental decision-making and actions at all levels. Its purpose is to help ensure compliance with regulatory requirements and a commitment to pollution prevention, waste reduction, sustainable planning, environmentally preferable purchasing, and the incorporation of environmental best management practices
- NPS Director's Order 77-2: Floodplain Management (pdf) - This DO articulate NPS policies regarding development and actions in areas subject to flooding.
Handbooks, Reference Manuals (RMs), Strategies, Plans, & other Professional Materials
- A Call to Action: Preparing for a Second Century of Stewardship and Engagement August 25 2011 as updated in 2012, 2013, 2014. (pdf) - This document outlines strategies to advance the mission of the NPS in the future. Strategies include reducing the NPS carbon footprint and to showcase the value of renewable energy to the public.
- Climate Change Response Strategy 2010 (pdf) - September 2010. Provides agency climate change direction using four goals: science, adaptation, mitigation, and communication. This document established goals and objectives for handling climate change in NPS facilities.
- Green Parks Plan 2012 - April 2012. This plan focuses on advancing the NPS mission through sustainable operations including reducing waste and energy consumption, limiting waste generation, buying green products and facility operations improvements.
- Metering of Water and Energy Use - New Construction (pdf)
- Procedural Manual 77-2: Floodplain Management - This Procedural Manual articulate NPS policies regarding development and actions in areas subject to flooding.
Denver Service Center (DSC) Requirements
- Improving Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings - NPS Preservation Brief that discusses energy audits and upgrades in the context of historic building preservation.
- The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation & Illustrated Guidelines on Sustainability for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings (pdf) - Provides guidelines for incorporating sustainability principles in historic building rehabilitations. An interactive web version is available.
- Sustainability and Historic Federal Buildings: Integrating the Requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act with the Requirements of EO 13514: Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance (pdf) - This guidance assists federal decision makers, usually capital asset managers, facility managers, and other program and project managers, in their considerations regarding sustainability and historic federal buildings.
- ASHRAE GreenGuide: The Design, Construction, and Operation of Sustainable Buildings, 2nd ed. - Provides guidance to designers of HVAC&R systems in how to participate effectively on design teams charged with producing green buildings.
- Building Life Cycle Cost Program (BLCC) - A National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed and Department of Energy (DOE) endorsed life cycle cost computer program, with annually updated discount rates for use on federal projects.
- Executive Order (EO) 13423 - Instructions for Implementing
- EO 13423 has been revoked and replaced with EO 13693.
- Facility Energy Management Guidelines and Criteria for Energy and Water Evaluations in Covered Facilities (pdf) - Provides guidance on complying with Section 432 of EISA and mainly applies to the management of existing buildings.
- Greening Federal Facilities (pdf) - A DOE document with recommendations for incorporating sustainability.
- Handbook for Planning and Conducting Charrettes for High-Performance Projects (pdf) - A handbook, published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, that furnishes guidance for planning and conducting "high-performance building" charrettes.
- Integrated Design Process (IDP) - A set of resources for solar and low energy building designs including guidelines and case studies.
- International Green Construction Code (IGCC) 2015
- Office of the Federal Environmental Executive - Promotes sustainable environmental stewardship throughout the federal government.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency - EPA's main green building website.
- U.S. General Services Administration Sustainable Design Program
- U.S. Green Building Council - Non-profit organization dedicated to sustainable building design and construction. Developers of the LEED™ building rating system.
- Whole Building Design Guide - The Gateway to Up-To-Date Information on Integrated Whole Building Design Techniques and Technologies.
- Bird Friendly Building Design (pdf) - American Bird Conservancy guide that suggests ways that buildings may be designed to minimize bird collisions.
- The Building Commissioning Guide (pdf) - GSA guide for "Total Building Commissioning".
- California Commissioning Guide: New Buildings (pdf) - Guide by the State of California explaining building commissioning.
- Commissioning Sample Documents and Templates - From California Commissioning Collaborative.
- GSA Schedule for Commissioning Services - GSA includes building commission services from a variety of vendors on their schedule of Facilities Services.
- Building America - DOE program to find energy-efficient solutions for new and existing housing that can be implemented on a production basis.
- Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (2003) - Recommend Table E2A for Energy Use Intensity (EUI) data for use with EISA 2007 fossil fuel reduction calculations.
- Commercial Buildings Resource Database - Provides resources developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building Technologies Program (BTP) and its partners. The database offers guides, case studies, webinars, software tools, and more to improve the energy efficiency of new and existing commercial buildings based on BTP's research.
- DOE High Performance Buildings Database - Includes information from buildings around the world, ranging from homes and commercial interiors to large buildings and even whole campuses and neighborhoods. These may be certified green projects, or simply projects that have one or more notable environmental features. The information has been reviewed for consistency and presentation, but in most cases, the details have not been independently verified.
- Energy Empowers (pdf) - DOE site showing case studies of projects and products highlighting energy efficiency and renewable energy.
- Meeting the 2030 Challenge Through Building Codes (pdf) - Interim code equivalents to achieve a 50% reduction in fossil fuel derived energy for buildings (55% reduction is required by 2007 Energy Independence & Security Act, starting in 2010).
- Guidance for Federal Agencies on Sustainable Practices for Designed Landscapes (pdf) - Describes strategies to achieve sustainable Federal landscape practices.
- Implementing Instructions - Sustainable Locations for Federal Facilities (pdf) - These instructions expand on EO 13514, Section 2 (f).
- Technical Guidance on Implementing the Stormwater Runoff Requirements for Federal Projects under Section 438 of the Energy Independence and Security Act (pdf) - Provides information about how to apply the site hydrology requirements for NPS projects.
- Water Efficiency
- Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings (50%) - A design guide for achieving 50% energy savings over ASHRAE 90.1-2004 for small office occupancies. Provides regionally specific recommendations for the thermal performance of building envelope elements, HVAC system efficiency recommendations, etc.
- Advanced Energy Design Guides (30%) - Design guides for achieving 30% energy savings over ASHRAE 90.1-1999 for a variety of building occupancies. Provides regionally specific recommendations for the thermal performance of building envelope elements, HVAC system efficiency recommendations, etc.
- Energy Plus - Free building energy modeling software from Department of Energy.
- EQuest - Free "sophisticated, yet easy-to-use building energy analysis tool" from Department of Energy.
- Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) for Products Containing Recovered Materials
- Energy Star - US EPA Energy Star programs and products help save the environment and save consumers money by using less energy through advanced design or construction. For standards, see Energy.gov.
- U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) - US Department of Energy website for information on energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies.
- U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) Technology Deployment - Provides the federal government and commercial buildings sector with unbiased information about energy-efficient and renewable energy technologies available for deployment. The technologies are identified on FEMP's Promising Technologies List.
Recycled or Biopreferred Products
- EPA's Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG)
- Forest Certification Resource Center - Global Resource for learning about forest certification.
- Forest Stewardship Council
- USDA BioPreferred Program - Includes information on submitting products for designation, instructions on meeting requirements to purchase biobased materials, and many other useful topics.
- BioPreferred Biobased Products Catalog - The content of this catalog is limited to products which have been designated for preferred procurement status.
Water Use (Indoor)
- EPA WaterSense - Certification system for indoor and outdoor water efficient products: toilets, bathroom sinks, and showerheads.
Water Use (Outdoor)
- EPA WaterSense - Certification system for indoor and outdoor water efficient products: installers, irrigation control technologies.
- DOE on Energy Efficient Heating and Cooling Systems
- Energy Star - US EPA Energy Star listed heating and cooling equipment:
- GAMA Water Heater, Furnace, and Boiler Efficiency Data
- Ground Source Heat Pump design and installation information
- DOE on Lighting
- EPA Energy Star Lighting - Energy efficient lighting product recommendations
- Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA) - Lighting books, Lighting Guide, Lighting design, Illumination
- Considerations in the Design of Treatment Best Management Practices (BMPs) to Improve Water Quality (pdf)
- Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP)
- Energy Star® and Other Energy‑Efficient Products: The National Park Service promotes the purchase of Energy Star® products and/or products that are in the upper 25 percent of energy efficiency as designated by the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP).
- NPS Climate Friendly Parks
- NPS Climate Leadership In Parks (CLIP) Tool
- Green Globes - The genesis of this system was the Building Research Establishment's Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM). In 1996, the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) published BREEAM Canada for Existing Buildings. In 2000, the system became an online assessment and rating tool under the name Green Globes for Existing Buildings.
- Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED™) - A third-party certification program and the nationally accepted benchmark of the design, construction and operation of high performance green buildings. LEED™ provides building owners and operators with the tools they need to have an immediate and measurable impact on their buildings' performance.
- Living Building Challenge - "…calls for the creation of building projects at all scales that operate as cleanly, beautifully and efficiently as nature's architecture. To be certified under the Challenge, projects must meet a series of ambitious performance requirements, including net zero energy, waste and water, over a minimum of 12 months of continuous occupancy."
- Sustainability Tracking, Assessment, and Rating System - STARS is a voluntary, self-reporting framework for gauging relative progress toward sustainability for colleges and universities.
- The Sustainable Sites Initiative: Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks 2009 (pdf) - The Sustainable Sites Initiative is a partnership of the American Society of Landscape Architects, the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, and the United States Botanic Garden in conjunction with a diverse group of stakeholder organizations to establish and encourage sustainable practices in landscape design, construction, operations, and maintenance. The Guidelines and Performance Benchmarks encompass a series of prerequisites and credits for measuring site sustainability.
- Benchmarks outlined under prerequisites are required and must be met in order for a site to participate in this voluntary program.
- Benchmarks outlined under credits are optional, but a certain number of them must be attained for a project to achieve eventual recognition as a Sustainable Site.