Fire Protection Engineering Standards

Review Design Standards General Statements before utilizing this web page.

On this page:
Building Codes & Industry Standards
Denver Service Center (DSC) Requirements
National Park Service (NPS) Requirements

Building Codes & Industry Standards

  • International Building Code (IBC) 2015, Including Appendices
  • International Existing Building Code (IEBC) 2015, Including Appendices
  • NFPA National Fire Codes, Including Annexes (except NFPA 5000) effective 1-11-2016

Denver Service Center (DSC) Requirements

Code Analysis

  • A Code Analysis is required and shall be based on NFPA 1 (Fire Code), NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code), and the I codes. Other applicable NFPA Codes and Standards shall be identified in the Analysis. The Code Analysis shall include, but not be limited to, the following elements:
    • Project Description
    • Occupancy Classification
    • Decorative Structures
    • Design - Unique Aspects
    • Doors
    • Egress
    • Elevators
    • Finishes
      • Ceiling
      • Floor
      • Interior Wall
    • Fire Alarm
      • Communication System
      • Detection
    • Fire Department Access
    • Fire Resistive Separations
    • Power
      • Emergency
      • Standby
    • Smoke Management Description
    • Suppression Systems
    • Windows


  • Wet pipe sprinkler systems are preferred.
  • A double check backflow preventer is required on sprinkler systems.
  • Sprinkler control valves shall be electrically supervised.
  • Allowed sprinkler piping shall be Copper, Schedule 40 steel, or plastic.
  • Dry Pipe and PreAction Systems
    • Joints shall be threaded or cut groove (no roll groove).
    • All pendent heads shall be dry pendants.
    • All piping shall be sloped to drain to the main riser.
    • Low point drains shall be minimized and shall be configured as drum drips.


  • Code Equivalencies are encouraged. They need to be prepared by the Architect-Engineer (AE) for approval by the Regional Fire Marshal (Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)).
  • Fire modeling is encouraged to allow equivalent fire and life safety systems, especially in historical structures.
  • Systems should strive to minimize required (NFPA 25) Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance.
  • Gravity water supply systems are preferred. Next are combined fire and domestic systems using commercial pumps and least preferred are dedicated fire pumps.

National Park Service (NPS) Requirements

NPS Management Policies 2006 - The Guide to Managing the National Park System

Director's Orders (DOs)

Handbooks, Reference Manuals (RMs), Strategies, Plans, & other Professional Materials



Last updated: June 14, 2018