Building Codes & Industry Standards
- Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Standards
- International Building Code (IBC) 2015
- International Existing Building Code (IEBC) 2015
Facility & Site Designs
- Must meet the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Standards for facility and site designs and address equal opportunity for all program areas. Activities within buildings, interpretation, hiking, walking, picnicking, swimming, and camping are examples of program areas and must provide equal opportunity per Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
- Universally designed sites and facilities provide equal opportunity not only for persons with disabilities, but a variety of situations, such as:
- a parent pushing a stroller
- a child on crutches
- a person with arthritic knees
- Accessible and inaccessible constructed and programmatic components of a facility are indiscernible in Universal Design. This can include any of the following project considerations:
- site arrival
- access paths (interior and exterior)
- functional spaces
- millwork, fixtures, and appliances
- exhibits and media
- The 7 Principles of Universal Design
- Accessible parking is located closest to the accessible entrance.
- All users follow the same routes through the site and facility.
- The primary entrances (visitor and employee) of newly constructed facilities do not have steps.
- Provides a covered entry with the roof draining away from the entry, walk way, and entrance.
- Provides power assisted door openers on main accessible entrances and lever or push hardware on other doors.
Interpretive Media Accessibility Requirements
Denver Service Center (DSC) Requirements
- Accessible Route Design Standards
- Automatic Door Openers
Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) for Accessibility
- Access Board Design Guides for Recreation Facilities
- DSC Scoping Form for Buildings & Sites
- DSC Scoping Form for Outdoor Recreation Facilities
- DSC Site Compliance Plan Sample (pdf)
- Required for DD and CD Deliverables.
National Park Service (NPS) Requirements
NPS Management Policies 2006 - The Guide to Managing the National Park System
- Chapter 1 The Foundation
- Chapter 5 Cultural Resource Management
- Chapter 6 Wilderness Preservation and Management
- Chapter 7 Interpretation and Education
- Chapter 8 Use of the Parks
- Chapter 9 Park Facilities
- 9.1.1 Facility Planning and Design
- 9.1.2 Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities
- 9.2 Transportation Systems and Alternative Transportation
- 9.2.2 Trails and Walks
- 18.104.22.168 Equestrian Trails
- 9.3 Visitor Facilities
- 9.3.1 Informational and Interpretive Facilities
- 22.214.171.124 Visitor Centers
- 9.3.2 Overnight Accommodations and Food Services
- 9.3.3 Comfort Stations
- 9.4 Management Facilities
- Chapter 10 Commercial Visitor Services
Director's Orders (DOs)
- DO 2: Park Planning, Chapter 2 of Management Policies, Park System Planning, and Planner's Source Book
- DO 16A: Reasonable Accommodation for Applicants and Employees with Disabilities
- DO 42: Accessibility for Park Visitors
- Audio-Visual Accessibility Initiative for Visitors with Disabilities (pdf)
- Disability Access in the NPS (pdf)
- Use of Service Animals by Persons with Disabilities in the NPS (pdf)
About the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) and other Disability Rights Laws
- Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) of 1968 - The ABA requires access to facilities designed, built or altered with Federal dollars or leased by Federal agencies. The law covers a wide range of facilities, including post offices, social security offices, prisons, and national parks. It also applies to non-government facilities that have received Federal funding, such as certain schools, public housing, and mass transit systems. Passed in 1968, the ABA stands as the first measure by Congress to ensure access to the built environment. Facilities that predate the law generally are not covered, but alterations or leases undertaken after the law took effect can trigger coverage.
- Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) - The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, State and local government services, transportation, public accommodations, commercial facilities, and telecommunications. Unlike the ABA, the ADA's coverage is not tied to the presence of Federal funding. For more information, contact a regional Disability & Business Technical Assistance Center (DBTACs) or the appropriate Federal agency.
- Fair Housing Act - As amended in 1988, prohibits discrimination in housing on the basis of disability, as well as race, color, gender, and religion. It covers housing in the public and private sectors and bans discrimination in any aspect of selling or renting housing. Under the law, new multifamily housing must be able to be adapted for accessibility according to established guidelines. The law also requires reasonable exceptions to housing policies and operations so that people with disabilities are afforded equal housing opportunities.
- Design standards to implement the Fair Housing Act are the ABAAS and ANSI A117.1 - 2003 (Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities).
- Fair Housing Act Design Manual - A Manual to Assist Designers and Builders in Meeting the Accessibility Requirements of The Fair Housing Act
- Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - Ensures access to programs and activities that are federally funded. It also protects the rights of Federal employees with disabilities. Federal agencies are responsible for enforcing requirements as they apply to their own programs, services, and employment practices. The law also requires electronic and information technology procured by Federal agencies to be accessible according to standards issued by the Access Board.
- Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines (1996) / Electronic and Information Technology Accessibility Standards (Section 508) (2000)
Executive Orders (EOs)
- EO 13164 - Requiring Federal Agencies to Establish Procedures to Facilitate the Provision of Reasonable Accommodation (pdf)
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
- 28 CFR Part 36 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Public Accommodations and in Commercial Facilities
- 41 CFR Part 102-76 - Subpart C - Architectural Barriers Act
- 43 CFR Part 17 - Subpart B - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap
- 43 CFR Part 17 - Subpart E - Enforcement of Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Handicap in Programs or Activities Conducted by the Department of the Interior (DOI)
- 48 CFR Chapter 1 - Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR)
- FAR Parts (Acquisition.gov)