Animals

The canal travels from the coastal plain of Washington, DC, to the mountains of western Maryland. The many habitats along that journey from sea level to the mountains rank C&O Canal among the most biodiverse national parks.

 
  • Yellow-rumped warbler perched on a twig.

    Birds

    From tiny kinglets to bald eagles, find a wide variety of birds in the woods and waterways along the canal.

  • Eastern box turtle

    Reptiles and Amphibians

    Turtles, frogs, toads, snakes, skinks and more live in the park.

  • Eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly on a milkweed flower.

    Butterflies and Dragonflies

    Learn more about these common winged insects you can find in the park.

  • White-tailed deer fawn curled in the grass.

    Deer

    Whitetail deer browse on plants throughout the park.

  • A bat held in a gloved hand.

    Bats

    Bats are an important part of the food chain, feeding on insects at night.

  • A pile of collected mussels

    Freshwater mussels

    Find out why these underwater filter feeders are important indicators of ecosystem health.

 
Raccoon peeking out of a tree
Raccoon peeking out of tree

NPS/Gerald Elkin

Keep wildlife wild! Please enjoy and observe wild animals from a distance. Photograph all wildlife from a safe distance. Use telephoto lenses and observe quietly. Animals can be very protective of their young and can become aggressive if cornered.

Keep your pets safe around wildlife with these tips


It is dangerous and illegal to feed wild animals, including ducks and geese, in national parks. Wildlife can become dependent on handouts and lose their ability to forage for food. Such animals can lose their fear of humans and become threatening.

Some animals found in the Park can carry rabies. If you encounter an animal that is acting strangely (for example, a nocturnal raccoon seen during the day) or an animal has attacked you, immediately report it to our emergency Dispatch Center, at 866-677-6677. Please visit the CDC website to learn more about rabies.

 

Species checklist

 

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    Last updated: November 10, 2020

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