On August 9, 1877 gun shots shattered a chilly dawn on a sleeping camp of Nez Perce. By the time the smoke cleared on August 10, almost 90 Nez Perce were dead along with 31 soldiers and volunteers. Big Hole National Battlefield was created to honor all who were there.
Big Hole National Battlefield History
On the morning of August 9, 1877, U.S. troops surprised the Nez Perce killing 60 to 90 Nez Perce men, women, and children.
The Nez Perce Flight of 1877
In 1877, the non-treaty Nez Perce were forced on a 126-day journey that spanned over 1,170 miles and through four different states.
The Birds and the Beads
NEW! Check out our online exhibit that highlights birds in Nez Perce culture in honor of the Year of the Bird.
Education Programs for School Groups
Schedule a ranger program for your students! Reservations are now being accepted for Big Hole's premier education program, Coyote Camp.
Big Hole Commemoration - Aug. 11, 2018
Each year the Nez Perce host a commemoration to remember those who lost their lives at Big Hole and pay tribute to those who survived.
Bear Paw Commemoration - October 6, 2018
Each year the Nez Perce host a commemoration to remember those who lost their lives at Bear Paw and pay tribute to those who survived.
Last updated: February 27, 2018