Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.
After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.
This image depicts a newspaper article published by The New York Times on January 19, 1910. Suffrage organizations were rarely integrated as national suffrage organizations did not want to alienate allies in southern states. Black women often formed their own suffrage organizations that advocated for the rights of both black women and men.
In some cases, however, both black and white suffragists worked together to advance the cause (as exemplified in this newspaper article).
New York Places of Women's Suffrage:
In the years leading up to the passage of the 19th Amendment, Carnegie Hall hosted over two dozen events relating to women’s suffrage. Emily Pankhurst and Jeannette Rankin both held speeches here promoting women’s suffrage. In 1918, the National Woman’s Party held a meeting at the hall. The building is a National Historic Landmark and is open for public tours.
Last updated: April 11, 2019