Montana and the 19th Amendment

State of Montana depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating Montana was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. Courtesy Megan Springate.
State of Montana depicted in purple, white, and gold (colors of the National Woman’s Party suffrage flag) – indicating Montana was one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment.

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Women first organized and collectively fought for suffrage at the national level in July of 1848. Suffragists such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott convened a meeting of over 300 people in Seneca Falls, New York. In the following decades, women marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would recognize their suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.


After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

On August 2, 1919, Montana voted in favor of the Nineteenth Amendment. By August of 1920, 36 states (including Montana) had ratified the amendment, making women’s suffrage legal all across the country.

Montana state flag
Montana state flag. CC0

Montana Places of Women's Suffrage:
Butte Historic District

In July, 1914 suffragists in Butte, Montana organized a demonstration at the corner of Broadway and Main Streets. Speakers included Rosalie Jones, Ida Craft, and Jeannette Rankin. Butte was also the headquarters of the Montana Equal Suffrage State Central Committee. Butte is listed on the National Register as a Historic District.

Photo of the Butte Historic District looking over the town. Photo: uploaded by Geologyguy, CC0

Discover More Places of Ratification

The Butte Historic District is an important place in the story of ratification. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Last updated: April 11, 2019