Hawaii and the 19th Amendment

State of Hawaii shaded gray
State of Hawai'i, shaded gray showing it was not one of the original 36 states to ratify the 19th Amendment. CC0

Women fought for the right to vote since the mid-1800s. They marched, protested, lobbied, and even went to jail. By the 1870s, women pressured Congress to vote on an amendment that would give them suffrage rights. This amendment became known as the 19th Amendment.

After decades of arguments for and against women's suffrage, Congress finally voted in favor of the 19th Amendment in 1919. This is called ratification. After Congress ratified the 19th Amendment, at least 36 states needed to vote in favor of it for it to become law.

State flag of Hawai'i
State flag of Hawai'i. CC0
After Queen Liliʻuokalani was overthrown by the US government in 1893, Hawai'i became a United States territory in 1898. It did not become a state until August 21, 1959, and so was unable to vote to ratify (or not) the 19th Amendment. Hawai'i did send a symbolic ratification star to the National Woman's Party in celebration of the passage of the 19th Amendment.