Article

2021 Acadia Science Year In Review

two individuals conduct scientific research in a boat on a pond
Two scientists conduct research on Jordan Pond

C. Schmitt, Schoodic Institute

This past year was a busy year for research in Acadia National Park. Together scientists worked on 84 research projects in the park, a near-record number for Acadia. This was a big rebound from 2020, when research was slowed by COVID-19. Of the 84 research projects, 37 (44%) were new, many by researchers new to the park. Examples include three new Second Century Stewardship Fellows, new Schoodic Institute technicians and interns, a Scientist-in-Parks intern, a research team from University of Rhode Island, and students at College of the Atlantic, University of Maine, and Worcester Polytechnic Institute. It was great to have the energy of so much science in the park!

Research ranged across disciplines and ecosystems—plants and animals, freshwater and marine ecosystems, visitors and cultural resources. Scientists studied bats, which are threatened by white nose syndrome. They studied changes in the intertidal zone, especially rockweed, which creates forest-like habitats in Maine’s rocky intertidal areas. They studied mysterious spotted salamanders that breed in salty pools on the park’s coastline—it is not known how this unusual population tolerates the salt. And they studied methods to protect the park’s lakes from harmful algal blooms.

Wabanaki ecologists studied the effects of traditional harvesting on sweetgrass, a salt marsh plant used in basketmaking. Wabanaki archeologists revisited and reinterpreted past archeological specimens in Acadia. Together, Wabanaki scientists are reframing narratives and reclaiming culture in Acadia National Park, benefiting park science in the process.

The focus of the research projects reflected park priorities. Intertidal ecosystems are perhaps the most visited and photographed and most rapidly changing ecosystems in Acadia. Studies of visitation helped to inform the park’s new transportation plan. Plant research included a major vegetation restoration study on the summit of Cadillac Mountain, the park’s tallest peak.

Summary of 2021 Research Projects in Acadia National Park

Areas of Research Number of Projects in 2021

Intertidal and marine

21

Wildlife and biodiversity

20

Freshwater and air

14

Plants

13

Visitor Studeies

10

Diseases and invasive species

5

Cultural resources

1

Geology

0

For more examples of research in Acadia, please visit our Science and Research web page.

The buzz of research activity was not limited to the field. Scientists published at least 43 new publications about research in Acadia, more than in most years. Perhaps people had more time to analyze data and write over the past year because of COVID-19 or perhaps this reflects increases in research in Acadia over the past decade. Publications included scientific papers describing water quality, trends in bird abundance and the spread of invasive species, and the impacts of COVID-19 on the park. Several studies took innovative approaches, including three papers that used social media posts to study the impacts of COVID-19 on tourist movement through the park, associations with search and rescue, and the meaning of place and national parks for people. Several of the publications continue to help park managers adjust management to rapidly changing conditions.

Acadia National Park 2021 Scientific Research Publications

The following list shows scientific publications that use data or fieldwork from Acadia National Park. The list includes research done by scientists from many institutions.

1. Baumflek M, K-A Kassam, C Ginger, MR Emery. 2021. Incorporating biocultural approaches in forest management: Insights from a case study of Indigenous plant stewardship in Maine, USA and New Brunswick, Canada. Society and Natural Resources DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2021.1944411

2. Blais BR, BE Smith, JS Placyck Jr, GS Casper, GM Spellman. 2021. Phylogeography of the smooth greensnake, Opheodrys vernalis (Squamata: Colubridae): divergent lineages and variable demographics in a widely distributed yet enigmatic species. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, blab124.

3. Bowles P, Y Lyu, A McFann, J Merchan, M Rothstein. 2021. E-bike usage on the carriage roads. Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA.

4. Bragdon B, N Carrillo, Z Koval, J Parker, R Whittier. 2021. Acadia National Park trail view website. Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA.

5. Briones V. 2021. Forest phenology in Maine: Trends and drivers over the past two decades and implications for resource managers. Masters Thesis, University of Maine, Orono.

6. Chen Y, T Dombek, J Hand, Z Zhang, A Gold, AP Ault, KE Levine, JD Surratt. 2021. Seasonal contribution of isoprene-derived organosulfates to total water-soluble fine particulate organic sulfur in the United States. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry doi.org/10.1021/acsearthspacechem.1c00102

7. Crausbay SD, HR Sofaer, AE Cravens, BC Chaffin, KR Clifford, JE Gross, CN Knapp, DJ Lawrence, DR Magness, AJ Miller-Rushing, GW Schuurman, CS Stevens-Rumann. 2021. A science agenda to inform natural resource management decisions in an era of ecological transformation. BioScience, biab102.

8. Crock N, A Forgione, E Murguia, J Van Milligen, R Wheelock. 2021. Traffic mobility patterns on the Ocean Drive corridor. Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA.

9. Diamant R. 2021. Thinking and acting anew. Parks Stewardship Forum 37: 437-441.

10. Doser JW, AS Weed, EF Zipkin, KM Miller, AO Finley. 2021. Trends in bird abundance differ among protected areas but not bird guilds. Ecological Applications 31: e02377.

11. Ehbrecht M, D Seidel, P Annighöfer, H Kreft, M Köhler, DC Zemp, K Puettmann, R Nilus, F Babweteera, K Willim, M Stiers, D Soto, HJ Boehmer, N Fisichelli, M Burnett, G Juday, SL Stephens, C Ammer. 2021. Global patterns and climatic controls of forest structural complexity. Nature Communications 12: 519.

12. Gabe T. 2021. Impacts of COVID-19 on coastal tourism in Maine: Evidence from Bar Harbor. MPRA Paper No. 108180. mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/108180/

13. Gabe T. 2021. Measurement and analysis of neighborhood congestion: Evidence from sidewalk pedestrian traffic and walking speeds. Growth and Change https://doi.org/10.1111/grow.12499

14. Gallinat AS, ER Ellwood, JM Heberling, AJ Miller-Rushing, WD Pearse, RB Primack. 2021. Macrophenology: insights into the broad-scale patterns, drivers, and consequences of phenology. American Journal of Botany DOI: 10.1002/ajb2.1793

15. Gassett, PR, K O’Brien-Clayton, C Bastidas, JE Rheuban, CW Hunt, E Turner, M Liebman, E Silva, AR Pimenta, J Grear, J Motyka, D McCorkle, E Stancioff, DC Brady, AL Strong. 2021. Community science for coastal acidification monitoring and research. Coastal Management https://doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2021.1947131

16. Guarnieri LD, SE McBride, E Groden, AM Gardner. 2021. Interactions between sympatric invasive European fire ants (Myrmica rubra) and blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis). PLOS ONE 16: e0251497.

17. Hansen AJ, BP Noble, J Veneros, A East, SJ Goetz, C Supples, JEM Watson, PA Jantz, R Pillay, W Jetz, S Ferrier, HS Grantham, TD Evans, J Ervin, O Venter, ALS Virnig. 2021. Toward monitoring forest ecosystem integrity within the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework. Conservation Letters e12822

18. Horne L, S De Urioste-Stone, E Seekamp, P Rahimzadeh-Bajgiran, L Rickard. 2021. Determinants of visitor climate change risk perceptions in Acadia National Park, Maine, USA. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 35: 100401.

19. Ishaq SL, A Hotopp, S Silverbrand, JE Dumont, A Michaud, JD MacRae, P Stock, E Groden. 2021. Bacterial transfer from Pristionchus entomophagus nematodes to the invasive ant Myrmica rubra and the potential for colony mortality in coastal Maine. iScience, 102663.

20. Jozitis A, R Kern, T Lewis, T Lu, D Shaw. 2021. Visitor mobility in the Park Loop region. Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA.

21. Kaplan PD, ELP Dumont. 2021. The Ultraviolet Index is well estimated by the terrestrial irradiance at 310nm. arXiv preprint: 2104.02195.

22. Karasov-Olson A, MW Schwartz, JD Olden, S Skikne, JJ Hellmann, S Allen, C Brigham, D Buttke, DJ Lawrence, AJ Miller-Rushing, JT Morisette, GW Schuurman, M Trammell, C Hawkins Hoffman. 2021. Ecological risk assessment of managed relocation as a climate change adaptation strategy. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRSS/CCRP/NRR—2021/2241, National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado.

23. Karasov-Olson A, MW Schwartz, S Skikne, JJ Hellmann, JD Olden, DJ Lawrence, JT Morisette, GW Schuurman, S Allen, C Brigham, D Buttke, AJ Miller-Rushing, M Trammell, C Hawkins Hoffman. 2021. Co-development of a risk assessment strategy for managed relocation. Ecological Solutions and Evidence. 2: e12092.

24. Koester AJ, JD Shakun, PR Bierman, PT Davis, LB Corbett, BM Goehring, AC Vickers, SR Zimmerman. 2021. Laurentide ice sheet thinning and erosive regimes at Mount Washington, New Hampshire, inferred from multiple cosmogenic nuclides. In Watt RB, GD Thackray, AR Gillespie (eds). Untangling the Quaternary Period: A Legacy of Stephen C. Porter. p. 299-314.

25. Konoreva LA, SV Chesnokov, IS Stepanchikova, T Spribille, C Björk, P Williston. 2021. Nine Micarea species new to Canada including five species new to North America. Herzogia 34: 18-37.

26. Lu ZN, A Briggs, S Saadat, IM Algaze. 2021. The associations between visitation, social media use, and search and rescue in United States national parks. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wem.2021.08.005

27. Malekshahi CR. 2021. Discerning demographics: biodiversity of testate amoebae based on analyses of single-cell transcriptomes. Honors Project, Smith College, Northampton, MA. https://scholarworks.smith.edu/theses/2348

28. Marcotte C, PA Stokowski. 2021. Place meanings and national parks: A rhetorical analysis of social media texts. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism 35: 100383.

29. Michaud T, C Metcalf, M Bampton. 2021. Changing tourist movement and social media behavior in a destination: Visualizing COVID-19 impacts through Flickr VGI. International Journal of Gaming Hospitality and Tourism 1: 1.

30. Miller KM, BJ McGill, AS Weed, CE Seirup, JA Comiskey, ER Matthews, S Perles, JP Schmit. 2021. Long-term trends indicate that invasive plants are pervasive and increasing in eastern national parks. Ecological Applications 31: e02239.

31. Miller-Rushing AJ, N Athearn, T Blackford, C Brigham, L Cohen, R Cole-Will, T Edgar, ER Ellwood, N Fisichelli, C Flanagan Pritz, AS Gallinat, A Gibson, A Hubbard, S McLane, K Nydick, RB Primack, S Sachs, PE Super. 2021. COVID-19 pandemic impacts on

conservation research, management, and public engagement in US national parks. Biological Conservation 257: 109038.

32. Newsom B, N Dana Lolar, I St. John. 2021. In conversation with the ancestors: Indigenizing archeological narratives at Acadia National Park, Maine. Genealogy 5: 96.

33. Novik E. 2021. Characterization and analysis of the microbiota of Bangia atropurpurea and other freshwater and marine algae in North America. Masters Thesis, University of Waterloo, Ontario.

34. Pilla RM, EM Mette, CE Williamson, BV Adamovich, R Adrian, O Anneville, E Balseiro, S Ban, S Chandra, W Colom-Montero, SP Devlin, MA Dix, MT Dokulil, NA Feldsine, H Feuchtmayr, NK Fogarty, EE Gaiser, SF Girdner, MJ González, KD Hambright, DP Hamilton, K Havens, DO Hessen, H Hetzenauer, SN Higgins, TH Huttula, H Huuskonen, PDF Isles, KD Joehnk, WB Keller, J Klug, LB Knoll, J Korhonen, NM Korovchinsky, O Köster, BM Kraemer, PR Leavitt, B Leoni, F Lepori, EV Lepskaya, NR Lottig, MS Luger, SC Maberly, S MacIntyre, C McBride, P McIntyre, SJ Melles, B Modenutti, DC Müller-Navarra, L Pacholski, AM Paterson, DC Pierson, HV Pislegina, P Plisnier, DC Richardson, A Rimmer, M Rogora, DY Rogozin, JA Rusak, OO Rusanovskaya, S Sadro, N Salmaso, JE Saros, J Sarvala, É Saulnier-Talbot, DE Schindler, SV Shimaraeva, EA Silow, LM Sitoki, R Sommaruga, D Straile, KE Strock, H Swain, JM Tallant, W Thiery, MA Timofeyev, AP Tolomeev, K Tominaga, MJ Vanni, P Verburg, RD Vinebrooke, J Wanzenböck, K Weathers, GA Weyhenmeyer, ES Zadereev, TV Zhukova. 2021. Global data set of long-term summertime vertical temperature profiles in 153 lakes. Scientific Data 8: 200.

35. Rosemartin A, T Watkins, AJ Miller-Rushing. 2021. Monitoring phenology in US national parks through citizen science: Some preliminary lessons and prospects for protected areas. Parks Stewardship Forum 37: 552-560.

36. Ross L, S Alahmed, SMC Smith, G Roberts. 2021. Tidal and subtidal transport in short, tidally-driven estuaries with low rates of freshwater input. Continental Shelf Research 224: 104453.

37. Schuver A, G Oppler. 2021. Connectivity conservation: Supporting thriving ecosystems for people and planet. Parks Stewardship Forum 37: 604-615.

38. Shi M, K Janowicz, L Cai, G Mai, R Zhu. 2021. A socially aware Huff model for destination choice in nature-based tourism. AGILE GIScience Series 2: 14.

39. Soukup M, GE Machlis. 2021. American Covenant: National Parks, Their Promise, and Our Nation’s Future. Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut.

40. Stasinski L, DM White, PR Nelson, RH Ree, JE Meireles. 2021. Reading light: Leaf spectra capture fine-scale diversity of closely related, hybridizing arctic shrubs. New Phytologist doi.org/10.1111/nph.17731

41. Vukomanovic J, J Randall. 2021. Research trends in U.S. national parks, the world’s “living laboratories.” Conservation Science and Practice e414.

42. Williams B, PTW Chan, IT Westfield, DB Rasher, J Ries. 2021. Ocean acidification reduces skeletal density of hardground‐forming high‐latitude crustose coralline algae. Geophysical Research Letters e2020GL091499.

43. Yuan J, K Beard, TR Johnson. 2021. A quantitative assessment of spatial patterns of socio-demographic change in coastal Maine: one process or many? Applied Geography 134: 102502.

2021 Research Permits for Research Conducted in Acadia National Park


Wildlife & Biodiversity

Gregory LeClair University of Maine, Orono
Parameterizing Environmental DNA Detection for the Conservation of Threatened Turtles

David Yates Biodiversity Research Institute
Duck Brook Bridge: Potential Bat Hibernaculum Survey

Stephen Ressel College of The Atlantic
Breeding by the Sea: Coastal Vernal Pools in Acadia National Park as Breeding Habitat for Spotted Salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum)

Stephen Ressel College of The Atlantic
Assessing the Spatiotemporal Occurrence of Amphibians on Duck Brook Road during Spring Breeding Migrations

Abigail Muscat University of Maine (Orono)
A pilot test of a long-term nearshore bird community monitoring program in Acadia National Park

Laura Sebastianelli n/a (but lead volunteer for Schoodic Notes initiative at Schoodic Institute)
Bird Sound Recording to Enhance Bird Ecology Research at Acadia National Park

Christopher Nadeau University of Connecticut
Daphnia Responses to Environmental Change

Aaron Weed National Park Service, Northeast Temperate Network
Forest Bird Monitoring at Acadia National Park

Laura Katz Smith College
Biodiversity of Microbial Eukaryotes in Acadia National Park: Testate (Shelled) Amoebae at Big Heath and Ciliates in tide pools

Christina Murphy US Geological Survey, Maine Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
Impact of invasive fishes on lake foodwebs in Acadia National Park

Seth Benz Schoodic Institute Schoodic Institute
Biodiversity and Phenology Citizen Science Observations

Seth Benz Schoodic Institute
Long-term Monitoring of Fall Raptor Migrations in Acadia National Park (using standard data collection protocol as defined by the Hawk Migration Association of North America)

William Helprin Somes-Meynell Wildlife Sanctuary
Mt. Desert Island Loon Study

Joseph Zydlewski University of Maine (Orono)
Assessing the Distribution and Abundance of Bridle Shiner (Notropis bifrenatus) in Maine

Allyson Jackson Purchase College, SUNY
Cross-system subsidies in Acadia National Park: bird component of larger study on cross-ecosystem subsidies

David Yates Biodiversity Research Institute
Identifying Information Key in the Conservation of Myotis Bats in Acadia National Park

Trevor Persons Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife
Surveys for Northern Dusky Salamander (Desmognathus fuscus) at Acadia National Park, Maine

Scott Weidensaul Project SNOWstorm
Alpine Wintering Ecology of Snowy Owls in Acadia National Park

Emma Albee Schoodic Institute at Acadia
eBird observations in Acadia National Park

Emma Albee Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
Nature's Notebook observations in Acadia National Park

Freshwater & Air

Rachel Fowler University of Maine
Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) on the Horizon

James Pagano State University of New York at Oswego
Ambient Levels of Persistent and Emerging Air Toxics in Acadia National Park

Matthew Farragher University of Maine
Ecological consequences of changing dissolved organic carbon concentrations in lakes of Acadia National Park

Mark Whiting Hancock Co. Soil and Water Conservation District
Maine Brook Trout and Water Quality: A volunteer-based water quality survey of MDI streams

Julie Kelso US Environmental Protection Agency
Streamflow Duration Assessment Method

William Gawley NPS - Acadia National Park
Jordan Pond, Seal Cove, and Witch Hole Pond Water Quality Monitoring

Glen Mittelhauser Maine Natural History Observatory
Assess water levels in Great Meadow - 2021

Kathryn Miller National Park Service, Northeast Temperate Network
Freshwater Wetland Monitoring at Acadia National Park

Jeremy Deeds Maine Department of Environmental Protection
Regional Lake Monitoring Network

Jamie Kilgo National Park Service, Water Resources Division
Rapid Response Strategy for Potential Toxin Exposures from HABs in Coastal and Shoreline Areas of National Parks

Colleen Emery US Geological Survey
The Dragonfly Mercury Project – engaging citizen scientists in monitoring mercury contamination in National Parks

Peter Nelson Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
Schoodic climate station

Sarah Hall College of The Atlantic
Mapping the Breakneck Brook Watershed Dam Failure and Debris Flow

Camille Parrish Bates College
Water Samples from Acadia Nation Park Lakes

Intertidal & Marine

Susan Brawley University of Maine (Orono)
Experimental Evolutionary Cell Biology Using the Porphyra Model System

Chris Petersen College of The Atlantic
Historical Ecology of Tide Pool Flora and Fauna at Acadia National Park

Caitlin Littlefield University of Vermont
Coastal spruce-fir dynamics in the face of sea-level rise and salt marsh migration

James Lynch National Park Service - Northeast Region
Elevation monitoring of salt marsh habitats at Acadia National Park

Chris Petersen College of The Atlantic
Clam recruitment, predation, and pH in intertidal mudflats

Catherine Matassa University of Connecticut
Intertidal community assembly and dynamics: Integrating broad-scale regional variation in environmental forcing and benthic-pelagic coupling (NSF Award OCE-1458150)

Maria Fe Aragon Orrego College of The Atlantic
Investigate the hydraulics of the Clark Bridge

Adam Kozlowski NPS, Northeast Temperate Network NPS Northeast Temperate Inventory and Monitoring Network (NETN)
Rocky Intertidal Monitoring Program

John Cigliano Cedar Crest College
Marine microplastics in Acadia National Park

Melenia Giakoumis City University of New York
Population dynamics and conservation of Asterias sea stars in the north Atlantic

John Cigliano Cedar Crest College
The effects of ocean acidification and climate change on temperate marine rocky intertidal communities

Hannah Webber Schoodic Institute
Biodiversity of select soft sediment habitats of Acadia National Park

Elizabeth Soranno University of Rhode Island
A modern comparison of macroalgal diversity and abundance to historic surveys of the rocky intertidal shores in Acadia, Maine

Alexa Pezzano NPS - Acadia National Park, Schoodic Education Adventure Program
Schoodic Education Adventure, Intertidal Exploration

Jessica Moskowitz Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
Maritime-mammals as consumers in Schoodic Peninsula's intertidal zone

Elizabeth Halasz Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
Assessing intertidal crab populations and phenology on Schoodic Peninsula using mark and recapture

Michelle Baumflek USDA Forest Service, Southern Research Station
Protect Natural Resources by Developing Plant Gathering Protocols with Indian Tribal Gatherers

Laura Braun University of Maine
Monitoring Intertidal Ecosystems throughout Acadia National Park: The Development and Implementation of a Rapid Assessment

John King University of Rhode Island, Graduate School of Oceanography
Benthic Habitat Characterization and Mapping for Assateague National Seashore and Acadia National Park

Michele LaVigne Bowdoin College
Reconstructing the history of ocean acidification in the Gulf of Maine using crustose coralline algae

Tonya Prentice Tremont Consolidated School
Bass Harbor Water Quality and Intertidal Crab Population

Plants

Susan Letcher College of The Atlantic
Study of Acer pensylvanicum sex expression

Jeffrey Harriman Maine Forest Service
Northeast Forest Inventory and Analysis

Jeff Licht University of Massachusetts, Boston
Characterization of jack and pitch pine sympatry on South Cadillac Trail

William Brumback Native Plant Trust
The New England Plant Conservation Program (2020-2024)

Jay Wason University of Maine
Stand dynamics and climate sensitivity of Maine’s coastal spruce-fir forests

William Brumback Native Plant Trust
Develop Climate Change-Resilient Restoration Techniques on Cadillac Mountain, Acadia National Park

Aaron Weed National Park Service, Northeast Temperate Network
Forest Health Monitoring at Acadia National Park

Christopher Nadeau University of Connecticut
Does Enhancing Genetic Diversity Increase the Long-term Success of Subalpine-Plant Restorations Under Climate Change

Alexa Pezzano NPS - Acadia National Park, Schoodic Education Adventure Program
Schoodic Education Adventure, Soil Exploration

Emily Jackson Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
Climate Change Refugia on Schoodic Peninsula

Jill Weber College of The Atlantic
Bass Harbor Marsh restoration

Jesse Wheeler NPS - Acadia National Park
Monitoring Forests Impacted by Carriage Road Material Washouts in Acadia National Park

Emma Albee Schoodic Institute at Acadia National Park
iNaturalist observations in Acadia

Pests, diseases, & invasive species

Lundy Stowe College of The Atlantic
Investigate Red Pine (Pinus resinosa) Distribution and Health in Acadia National Park

Jesse Wheeler NPS - Acadia National Park
Emerald Ash Borer Survey and Outreach

Jesse Wheeler NPS - Acadia National Park
Emerald Ash Borer surveys using girdled trap trees in Acadia National Park

Jesse Wheeler NPS - Acadia National Park
Southern pine beetle monitoring

Cameron McIntire USDA FOREST SERVICE
Long-term monitoring of beech leaf disease (BLD)

Visitor Studies

Glencora Haskins Downs & St. Germain Research Maine Office of Tourism
Visitor Profile and Economic Impact Analysis Research

Katherine Abrams Colorado State University Communication
Effects on Preventing Unintentional Wildlife Feeding Among Frontcountry Campers

Frederick Bianchi Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Acadia Trail View Website

Frederick Bianchi Worcester Polytechnic Institute
e-Bike Policy Development

Frederick Bianchi Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Sand Beach Traffic Minitoring

Frederick Bianchi Worcester Polytechnic Institute
Visitor Mobility Tracking on the Park Loop Road

Rebecca Stanley Friends of Acadia
Understanding recreation decisions in Acadia: Visitor perceptions, desired conditions, and reservation system management in a U.S. National Park

Katharine Ruskin University of Maine
Quantifying the Social Values of Acadia National Park’s Water Resources

Katharine Ruskin University of Maine
Assessing the Economics of Maine’s Coastal Tourism Development: The Ecosystem Services of Schoodic Peninsula, Acadia National Park

Steven Lawson Otak, Inc.
Acadia National Park Transportation and Visitor Count Study

Cultural resources

Madeleine Landrum University of Maine (Orono)
Investigating Maine’s Indigenous Fire Prehistory to Inform Forest Management Under Global Change

For more examples of research in Acadia, please visit our Science and Research web page.

If you are interested in doing research in Acadia National Park, please see our Research Permit web page.

For stories about science throughout US national parks, please see the NPS Science web page.

Acadia National Park

Last updated: December 23, 2021