• Elkhorn Tavern, Federal Provost Marshal Headquarters and Field Hospital Used by Both Armies

    Pea Ridge

    National Military Park Arkansas

Order of Battle

ARMY OF THE SOUTHWEST

Brigadier General Samuel R. Curtis

1ST and 2ND Divisions

Brigadier General Franz Sigel

1ST Division

Colonel Peter J. Osterhaus

1st Brigade- Colonel Peter J. Osterhaus

25th Illinois- Colonel William N. Coler

Losses: 24 (3 killed, 18 wounded, 3 missing)

44th Illinois- Colonel Charles Knobelsdorff

Losses: 3 (1 killed, 2 wounded)

17th Missouri- Major August H. Poten

(Company A absent on Conrad's Expedition)

Losses: 10 (2 wounded, 8 missing)

2nd Brigade- Colonel Nicholas Greusel

36th Illinois- Colonel Nicholas Greusel

(Company F absent on Conrad's expedition; regiment included two cavalry companies)

Losses: 75 (4 killed, 37 wounded, 34 missing)

12th Missouri- Major Hugo Wangelin

(Company E absent on Conrad's expedition)

Losses: 34 (3 killed, 29 wounded, 2 missing)

Artillery

4th Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery- Captain Louis Hoffman

Four 6-pounder rifled guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 5 (1 wounded, 4 missing)

Welfley's Independent Battery, Missouri Light Artillery- Captain Martin Welfley

Four 12-pounder howitzers and two 12-pounder guns (one howitzer absent on Conrad's expedition)

Losses: 5 (5 wounded)

2nd Division

Brigadier General Alexander S. Asboth

1st Brigade- Colonel Frederick Schaefer

2nd Missouri- Lieutenant Colonel Bernard Laiboldt

Losses: 54 (8 killed, 34 wounded, 12 missing)

15th Missouri- Colonel Francis J. Joliat

(Company B absent on Conrad's expedition)

Losses: 11 (11 missing)

Artillery

1st Missouri Flying Battery- Captain Gustavus M. Elbert

Four 6-pounder rifled guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 19 (3 killed, 8 wounded, 8 missing)

2nd Independent Battery, Ohio Light Artillery- Lieutenant William B. Chapman

Four 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 3 (1 killed, 2 wounded)

Not Brigaded

3rd Missouri-Major Joseph Conrad

(Companies B, C and E present at Pea Ridge; Company F absent on Conrad's expedition; remainder absent on duty in Missouri)

Losses: 0

4th Missouri Cavalry (Fremont Hussars) - Major Emeric Meszaros

(Companies A, C, D, E, F and I present at Pea Ridge; remainder absent on duty in Missouri)

Losses: 16 (5 killed, 8 wounded, 3 missing)

5th Missouri Cavalry (Benton Hussars) - Colonel Joseph Nemett

Losses: 17 (3 killed, 11 wounded, 3 missing)

3rd Division

Colonel Jefferson C. Davis

1st Brigade- Colonel Thomas Pattison

8th Indiana- Colonel William P. Benton

Losses: 32 (5 killed, 27 wounded)

18th Indiana- Lieutenant Colonel Henry D. Washburn

Losses: 26 (3 killed, 23 wounded)

22nd Indiana- Lieutenant Colonel John A. Henricks (killed), Major David W. Daily, Jr.

(Company B absent on duty in Missouri)

Losses: 42 (9 killed, 33 wounded)

1st Battery Indiana Light Artillery- Captain Martin Klauss

Four 6-pounder rifled guns and two 6-pounder guns

Losses: 11 (5 wounded, 6 missing)

2nd Brigade- Colonel Julius White

37th Illinois- Lieutenant Colonel Myron S. Barnes

Losses: 144 (20 killed, 121 wounded, 3 missing)

59th Illinois (formerly 9th Missouri) - Lieutenant Colonel Calvin H. Frederick

Losses: 66 (9 killed, 57 wounded)

Battery A, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery (Peoria Battery)-Captain Peter Davidson

Two 6-pounder rifled guns, two 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 17 (17 wounded)

Not Brigaded

1st Missouri Cavalry-Colonel Calvin A. Ellis

(Companies B, F, G, H, I, K, L, and M present at Pea Ridge; remainder absent on duty in Kansas)

Losses: 6 (2 killed, 2 wounded, 2 missing)

4th Division

Colonel Eugene A. Carr

1st Brigade- Colonel Grenville M. Dodge

4th Iowa- Lieutenant Colonel John Galligan

Losses: 160 (18 killed, 139 wounded, 3 missing)

35th Illinois- Colonel Gustavus A. Smith (wounded), Lieutenant Colonel William P. Chandler (captured)

Losses: 113 (14 killed, 47 wounded, 52 missing)

1st Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery-Captain Junius A. Jones (wounded), Lieutenant Virgil A. David

Four 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 17 (3 killed, 14 wounded)

3rd Illinois Cavalry- Major John McConnell

Losses: 58 (9 killed, 36 wounded, 13 missing)

2nd Brigade- Colonel William Vandever

9th Iowa- Lieutenant Colonel Francis J. Herron (wounded/captured), Major William H. Coyl (wounded)

Losses: 218 (38 killed, 176 wounded, 4 missing)

25th Missouri (Phelps Independent Missouri Regiment) - Colonel John S. Phelps

Losses: 94 (12 killed, 71 wounded, 11 missing)

3rd Independent Battery, Iowa Light Artillery (Dubuque Battery) - Captain Mortimer M. Hayden

Four 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 22 (2 killed, 17 wounded, 3 missing)

Headquarters Units

24th Missouri-Major Eli W. Weston

(Companies A, B, F, H and I present at Pea Ridge; remainder absent on duty in Missouri)

Losses: 26 (3 killed, 16 wounded, 7 missing)

3rd Iowa Cavalry- Colonel Cyrus Bussey

(Companies A, B, C, D and M present at Pea Ridge; remainder absent on duty in Missouri)

Losses: 50 (1 killed, 3 wounded, 2 missing)

ARMY OF THE WEST

Major General Earl Van Dorn

McCulloch's Division

Brigadier General Benjamin McCulloch (killed)

Brigadier General James M. McIntosh (killed)

Colonel Elkanah Greer

Hebert's Infantry Brigade- Colonel Louis Hebert (captured), Colonel Evander McNair

3rd Louisiana- Major Will F. Tunnard (captured), Captain W.L. Gunnells

Losses: 67 (10 killed, 15 wounded, 42 missing)

4th Arkansas- Colonel Evander McNair, Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Ogden

Losses: exact numbers unknown; between 55-79 casualties (includes killed, wounded and missing)

14th Arkansas- Colonel William C. Mitchell (captured)

Losses: Unknown

15th Arkansas- Colonel Dandridge McRae

Losses: Unknown

16th Arkansas- Colonel John F. Hill

Losses: Unknown

17th Arkansas- Colonel Frank A. Rector

Losses: Unknown

1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted) - Colonel Thomas J. Churchill

Losses: 5 (5 killed)

2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted) - Colonel Benjamin T. Embry

Losses: 27 (4 killed, 15 wounded, 8 missing)

4th Texas Cavalry Battalion (dismounted) - Major John W. Whitfield

(Battalion consisted of three companies of Texas troops and one of Arkansas troops)

Losses: Unknown

McIntosh's Cavalry Brigade- Brigadier General James M. McIntosh (killed)

3rd Texas Cavalry- Colonel Elkanah Greer, Lieutenant Colonel Walter P. Lane

Losses: 14 (2 killed, 12 wounded)

6th Texas Cavalry- Colonel B. Warren Stone

Losses: 19 (3 killed, 3 wounded, 13 missing)

9th Texas Cavalry- Colonel William B. Sims (wounded), Lieutenant Colonel William Quayle

Losses: Unknown

11th Texas Cavalry- Colonel William C. Young

Losses: Unknown

1st Arkansas Cavalry Battalion- Major William H. Brooks

Losses: 41 (11 killed, 30 wounded)

1st Texas Cavalry Battalion- Major R. Phillip Crump

Losses: Unknown

Artillery

Hart's Arkansas Battery- Captain William Hart

Four 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

Provence's Arkansas Battery- Captain David Provence

Two 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

Gaine's Arkansas Battery- Captain James J. Gaines

Two 12-pounder rifled guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

Good's Texas Battery- Captain John J. Good

Four 12-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: 17 (1 killed, 14 wounded, 2 missing)

Pike's Indian Brigade- Brigadier General Albert J. Pike

1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles- Colonel John Drew

Losses: Unknown

2nd Cherokee Mounted Rifles- Colonel Stand Watie

Losses: Unknown

1st Choctaw and Chickasaw- Colonel Douglas H. Cooper

Losses: Unknown (not engaged)

1st Creek Mounted Rifles- Colonel Daniel N. McIntosh

Losses: Unknown (not engaged)

Welch's Texas Cavalry Squadron- Captain Otis G. Welch

Losses: Unknown

Unassigned

19th Arkansas- Lieutenant Colonel P. R. Smith

Losses: Unknown

20th Arkansas- Colonel George W. King

Losses: Unknown

Price's Division

Major General Sterling Price (wounded)

Confederate Units

1st Missouri Brigade- Colonel Henry Little

2nd Missouri- Colonel John Q. Burbridge

Losses: Unknown

3rd Missouri- Colonel Benjamin A. Rives (killed), Lieutenant Colonel James A. Pritchard

Losses: 104 (26 killed, 45 wounded, 33 missing)

Wade's Missouri Battery- Captain William Wade

Two 6-pounder guns and four 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

Clark's Missouri Battery- Captain S. Churchill Clark (killed), Lieutenant James L. Farris

Four 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

1st Missouri Cavalry- Colonel Elijah Gates

Losses: Unknown

2nd Missouri Brigade- Colonel William Y. Slack (killed), Colonel Thomas H. Rosser

Hughes's Missouri Infantry Battalion- Colonel John T. Hughes

Losses: 8 (3 killed, 8 wounded, 4 missing)

Bevier's Missouri Infantry Battalion- Major Robert S. Bevier

Losses: 15 (3 killed, 8 wounded, 4 missing)

Rosser's Missouri Infantry Battalion- Colonel Thomas H. Rosser

Losses: Unknown

Landis's Missouri Battery- Captain John C. Landis

Two 12-pounder howitzers and two 24-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

Jackson's Missouri Battery- Captain William Lucas

Four 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

Riggins's Missouri Cavalry Battalion- Colonel George W. Riggins

Losses: Unknown

3rd Missouri Brigade- Colonel Colton Greene

(Brigade consisted of several partially organized units in the process of transferring to Confederate service; parts of Colonel Thomas R. Freeman's and Lieutenant Colonel John A. Schnable's Missouri State Guard regiments and Captain L. C. Campbell's cavalry company)

Losses: 65 (6 killed, 59 wounded)

Headquarters Units

Cearnal's Missouri Cavalry Battalion- Lieutenant Colonel James T. Cearnal (wounded), Major D. Todd Samuels

Losses: 20 (2 killed, 6 wounded, 12 missing)

Missouri State Guard

2nd Division- Brigadier General Martin E. Green

(Division consisted of various unidentified infantry and cavalry units)

Losses: Unknown

Kneisley's Battery- Captain James W. Kneisley

Five 12- and 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

3rd Division- Colonel John B. Clark, Jr.

1st Infantry- Major John F. Rucker

Losses: 11 (1 killed, 5 wounded, 5 missing)

2nd Infantry- Colonel Congreve Jackson

Losses: 47 (5 killed, 17 wounded, 15 missing)

3rd Infantry- Major Robert R. Hutchinson

Losses: 27 (1 killed, 20 wounded, 6 missing)

4th and 5th Infantry- Colonel J.A. Poindexter

Losses: 47 (3 killed, 37 wounded, 7 missing)

6th Infantry- Lieutenant Colonel Quinton Peacher

Losses: 33 (2 killed, 23 wounded, 8 missing)

Tull's Battery- Captain Francis M. Tull

Two 6-pounder rifled guns and two 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

5th Division- Colonel James P. Saunders

(Division consisted of various unidentified infantry and cavalry units)

Losses: 41 (9 killed, 32 wounded)

Kelly's Battery- Captain Joseph Kelly

Five 12- and 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

6th Division- Major D. Herndon Lindsay

(Division consisted of various unidentified infantry and cavalry units)

Losses: 47 (13 killed, 34 wounded)

Gorham's Battery- Captain James C. Gorham

Four 6-pounder guns

Losses: Unknown

7th and 9th Divisions- Brigadier General Daniel M. Frost

(Divisions consisted of various unidentified infantry and cavalry units from Frost's and Brigadier General James H. McBride's divisions)

Losses: Unknown

Guibor's Battery- Captain Henry Guibor

Two 6-pounder guns and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

MacDonald's St. Louis Battery- Captain Emmett MacDonald

One 6-pounder gun and two 12-pounder howitzers

Losses: Unknown

8th Division- Brigadier General James S. Rains

1st Infantry- Colonel William H. Erwin

Losses: Unknown

2nd Infantry- Lieutenant Colonel John P. Bowman

Losses: UNKNOWN

3rd Infantry- Lieutenant Colonel A. J. Pearcy

Losses: UNKNOWN

4th Infantry- Lieutenant Colonel John M. Stemmons

Losses: UNKNOWN

Shelby's Cavalry Company- Captain Joseph O. Shelby

Losses: UNKNOWN

Bledsoe's Battery- Lieutenant Charles W. Higgins

Three 12-pounder Napoleons and one 12-pounder gun ("Sacramento")

Losses: UNKNOWN

* Casualty figures include the numbers of killed, wounded and missing/captured.

Shea, William & Hess, Earl. Pea Ridge, Civil War Campaign in the West, University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, 1992: 331-339.

Did You Know?

Morgan's Woods

Morgan’s Woods is the location of Confederate retreat after a collision of armies. Afterwards, a surgeon from the Leetown hospital remarked that for 200 yards in front of White’s position in Morgan’s Woods, not a tree, bush, or sapling was unmarked by the firing of cannon, canister, or shell.