• water flowing over rocks into basin

    Hot Springs

    National Park Arkansas

People

People of Ral City on Hot Springs Mountain

People of "Ral City" on Hot Springs Mountain, 1878

National Park Service image from HOSP archives

People have been coming to this area for centuries, mostly to soak in the thermal waters flowing from Hot Springs Mountain. Others came to work in the bathhouses or businesses associated with the "American Spa."

Explore this section to learn more about the people involved in the history of Hot Springs National Park.

 
 

Read about the role of African Americans in the bathing industry. These are excerpts from an interactive kiosk program at the park visitor center. You can purchase the entire program from the park's Eastern National store.

Did You Know?

copy of lithograph from a publication showing the valley of the hot springs with Hot Springs Creek on the right and two men in the foregroun

Hot Springs Reservation, the first designation of Hot Springs National Park, was set aside by Congress in 1832. This makes Hot Springs National Park the oldest unit in the national park system, 40 years older than Yellowstone National Park.