National Park Service image from HOSP archives
People have been coming to this area for centuries, mostly to soak in the thermal waters flowing from Hot Springs Mountain. Others came to work in the bathhouses or businesses associated with the "American Spa."
Explore this section to learn more about the people involved in the history of Hot Springs National Park.
Read about the role of African Americans in the bathing industry. These are excerpts from an interactive kiosk program at the park visitor center. You can purchase the entire program from the park's Eastern National store.
Did You Know?
The name Gulpha Creek is a corruption of the French name for the stream. Explorer William Dunbar reports the name "Fourche á Calfat" in the journal of his visit in 1804. Calfat eventually became Gulpha.