Introduction to Every Leader
Being There:Encountering America's Presidents
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
AMERICAN PRESIDENTS

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Presidential Tourism, History, and Preservation Websites
Listed under each president in black, blue, or red respectively are links to the places featured in the itinerary, State and local tourism websites to help you plan your visit, and links to additional information on the presidents such as presidential libraries.

Other Relevant Websites

Selected Presidential Bibliography



Presidential Tourism, History, and Preservation Websites

The Presidents and the Presidency
American Experience: The Presidents  a PBS series
American Presidency Project :Operated by the University of California at Santa Barbara
C-SPAN’s Presidential Libraries: History Uncovered
Every Four Years:  Electing the President  an exhibit developed by the Truman Presidential Library
Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies 
The History Channel's Spotlight on American Presidents
The Living Room Candidate:  Presidential Campaign Commercials, 1952-2004
National Archives Presidential Libraries and Museums
National Park Service’s The Presidents of the United States:  Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings
The Presidents of the United States
The Presidents of the United States: Historic Places Commemorating the Chief Executives of the United States
The White House Historical Association Presidential Biographies
White House Presidential Biographies
The University of Virginia Miller Center’s American President: An Online Reference Resource

George Washington
George Washington Birthplace National Monument
Mount Vernon
George Washington Memorial Parkway
National Scenic Byway: George Washington Memorial Parkway
Washington Monument National Memorial
Recreation.gov - online reservation service for the Washington Monument

Virginia Tourism
Greater Fredericksburg Tourism Partnership
Visit Alexandria, VA
Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

The Washington Monument: Tribute in Stone National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Federal Hall National Memorial
Independence Hall National Historical Park

John Adams
Adams National Historical Park

Massachusetts Travel & Tourism

City of Boston Visitors Guide
Historic Sites of Quincy, MA

Independence Hall National Historical Park

Thomas Jefferson
Monticello
Poplar Forest
Thomas Jefferson Memorial National Memorial

Virginia Tourism
Charlottesville, Virginia Convention & Visitors Bureau
The City of Lynchburg, Virginia
Journey through Hallowed Ground National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
National Cherry Blossom Festival

Thomas Jefferson's Plan for the University of Virginia: Lessons from the Lawn National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
U. S. World Heritage Site: Monticello and the University of Virginia, Virginia


James Madison
Montpelier

Virginia Tourism
Orange County Tourism and Visitors Bureau
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National ParkService Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area

Memories of Montpelier: Home of James and Dolley Madison National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Independence Hall National Historical Park

James Monroe
James Monroe Museum and Memorial Library

Virginia Tourism
Greater Fredericksburg Tourism Partnership
Visit Loudoun County, Virginia
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National ParkService Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Heritage Area

Ash Lawn-Highland Home of James Monroe
Journey Through Hallowed Ground National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
James Monroe's Tomb in Hollywood Cemetery, National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Richmond, Virginia Travel Itinerary

John Quincy Adams
Adams National Historical Park

Massachusetts Travel & Tourism

City of Boston Visitors Guide
Historic Sites of Quincy, MA


Andrew Jackson
The Hermitage

Tennessee Tourism
Nashville Convention & Visitors Bureau

The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan


Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site

New York Tourism
Columbia County, New York

Martin Van Buren’s “Return to the Soil" National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan


William Henry Harrison
Grouseland

Visit Indiana
Vincennes Convention & Visitors Bureau

Berkeley Plantation
James River Plantations National ParkService Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
The Ohio Historical Society Harrison Tomb


John Tyler
John Tyler Home

Virginia Tourism
County of Charles City
James River Plantation National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary


James K. Polk
James K. Polk Home

Tennessee Tourism
Maury County Convention & Visitors Bureau


Zachary Taylor
Zachary Taylor National Cemetery

Kentucky Tourism
Louisville Convention & Visitors Bureau


Millard Fillmore


New York Tourism
Village of East Aurora


Franklin Pierce
New Hampshire State Park: Franklin Pierce Homestead
Hillsborough Historical Society Franklin Pierce Homestead

Visit New Hampshire
Hillsborough Area Chamber of Commerce

The Pierce Manse, Concord, New Hampshire


James Buchanan
Wheatland

Visit Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Dutch Convention & Visitors Bureau


Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial
Lincoln Home National Historic Site
Lincoln Tomb
President Lincoln’s Cottage at the Soldiers’ Home
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site
Ford’s Theatre Society
Lincoln Memorial National Memorial

Kentucky Tourism
Louisville Convention & Visitors Bureau
Lincoln Homestead State Park
Mary Todd Lincoln House

Visit Indiana
Spencer County Visitors Bureau

Illinois Tourism
Springfield Convention and Visitors Bureau

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Abraham Lincoln National Heritage Area

Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission
Abraham Lincoln Online
Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Forging Greatness during Lincoln's Youth National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Lincoln Home National Historic Site: A Place of Growth and Memory National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Lincoln Home National Historic Site National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit


Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site

Tennessee Tourism
Greene County Tourism Partnership


Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site
General Grant National Memorial

Visit Missouri
Explore St. Louis

New York Tourism
This is New York City™

The Ohio Historical Society Grant Birthplace
The Ohio Historical Society Grant Boyhood Home
The Ohio Historical Society Grant School House
U.S. Grant Home


Rutherford B. Hayes
Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center

Discover Ohio
Sandusky County Convention & Visitors Bureau


James A. Garfield
James A. Garfield National Historic Site

Discover Ohio
Lake County Visitors Bureau Ohio
President Garfield's Monument in Lakeview Cemetery


Chester A. Arthur
New York Tourism
This is New York City™

President Chester A. Arthur State Historic Site, Fairfield, VT


Grover Cleveland
Grover Cleveland Birthplace

New Jersey Tourism
Essex, NJ, Guide
Princeton Regional Convention & Visitors Bureau


Benjamin Harrison
President Benjamin Harrison Home

Visit Indiana
Indianapolis Convention & Visitors Bureau
Indianapolis National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

Berkeley Plantation
James River Plantations National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary


William McKinley
William McKinley Presidential Library &  Museum

Discover Ohio
Canton, Stark County Convention and Visitors' Bureau
Ohio and Erie Canal National Heritage Corridor National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Ohio and Erie Canal National Heritage Corridor


Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site
Roosevelt Museum at Old Orchard
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site
Theodore Roosevelt National Park
Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial

New York Tourism
This is New York City™
Long Island Convention & Visitors Bureau and Sports Commission
Buffalo Niagra Convention & Visitors Bureau

North Dakota Tourism
Medora, North Dakota

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

Theodore Roosevelt:  Icon of the American Century Smithsonian Institution Online Exhibit
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural Site: Birthplace of the Modern Presidency National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan
Theodore Roosevelt Association


William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft National Historic Site
Taft Museum of Art

Discover Ohio
Cincinnati USA Convention and Visitors Bureau

Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan


Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson House

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

The Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library and Museum
Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Woodrow Wilson Birthplace and Museum
Virginia Main Street Communities National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
The Woodrow Wilson Boyhood Home
Augusta, GA National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Georgia's Presidential Pathways



Warren G. Harding
Ohio Historical Society Harding Home

Discover Ohio
Marion County, Ohio Convention & Visitors Bureau
Ohio Historical Society Harding Tomb


Calvin Coolidge
President Calvin Coolidge State Historic Site
Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation

Vermont Tourism
Vermont Attractions Association
Vermont Presidential Sites


Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site
President Herbert and Lou Henry Hoover's Rapidan Camp

Iowa Tourism
Iowa City Coralville Convention & Visitors Bureau

Virginia Tourism
Shenandoah National Park

Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and World Humanitarian National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan.
The Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum


Franklin D. Roosevelt
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
Roosevelt Campobello International Park
Roosevelt Campobello International Park Commission
Roosevelt's Little White House Historic Site A Georgia State Parks & Historic Sites' property  
Franklin Delano Roosevelt National Memorial

New York Tourism
The Historic Town of Hyde Park Chamber of Commerce, Tourism Guide
Dutchess County Tourism
Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area

Visit Maine
Visit Lubec, Maine
New Brunswick, Canada Tourism

Georgia Tourism
Warm Springs, Georgia
Georgia's Presidential Pathways

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary

Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
Springwood: Birthplace and Home to Franklin D. Roosevelt National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Franklin Delano Roosevelt National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit


Harry S Truman
Harry S Truman National Historic Site
Harry S Truman Little White House

Visit Missouri
City of Independence Missouri

Visit Florida
Key West Tourism

City of Independence Missouri: Truman Sites
Harry Truman and Independence, Missouri: “This is Where I Belong” National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Harry S Truman: American Visionary National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit
Harry S Truman Little White House, Key West Florida
The Harry S Truman Presidential Library and Museum
Teaching with Museum Collections lesson plans: The Many Hats of Harry S Truman and The Etiquette of Calling


Dwight D. Eisenhower
Eisenhower National Historic Site
Gettysburg National Military Park

Visit Pennsylvania
Gettysburg Convention & Visitors Bureau

Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum
Dwight David Eisenhower: The Centennial 
Eisenhower National Historic Site National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit
Thaw in the Cold War: Eisenhower and Khrushchev at Gettysburg National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan
Teaching with Museum Collections lesson plans: Eisenhower's Presidency and The Eisenhower Farm: Leaving the Land Better Than He Found It!
Eisenhower Birthplace State Historic Site


John F. Kennedy
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site

Massachusetts Travel & Tourism
City of Boston Visitors Guide

Birthplace of John F. Kennedy: Home of the Boy Who Would Be President National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum


Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
Lyndon B. Johnson State Park and Historic Site
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac National Memorial

Texas Tourism
Johnson City Texas Chamber of Commerce & Visitors Center

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC
Washington, DC National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Virginia Tourism

The Lyndon Baines Johnson Presidential Library and Museum


Richard M. Nixon
Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation

Visit California
Anaheim, Orange County Visitor & Convention Bureau

Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum
The Watergate Files on-line exhibit of the Ford Presidential Library and Museum


Gerald R. Ford
Virginia Tourism
Alexandria, VA

Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum


Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site

Georgia Tourism
Plains, Georgia
Georgia's Presidential Pathways

Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum


Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home

Illinois Tourism
Dixon, Illinios

Ronald Reagan Presidential Library



George H. W. Bush
George W. Bush Childhood Home

Texas Tourism
Midland, Texas Convention & Visitors Bureau

George Bush Presidential Library and Museum


William Jefferson Clinton
Bill Clinton Birthplace

Arkansas Tourism
Hope, Arkansas Tourism & Recreation

Hot Springs: Hometown of President Clinton
William J. Clinton Presidential Library and Museum
Clinton House Museum in Fayetteville


George W. Bush
George W. Bush Childhood Home

Texas Tourism
Midland, Texas Convention & Visitors Bureau



The White House
The White House and President’s Park 
White House Historical Association
White House Visitor Center
The official White House website

Washington, DC
Cultural Tourism DC


Independence National Historical Park
Independence National Historical Park

Visit Pennsylvania
Independence Visitor Center
The Official Convention and Visitors Site for Philadelphia

Independence Hall: International Symbol of Freedom National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Liberty Bell: From Obscurity to Icon National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Independence National Historical Park National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit

Federal Hall National Memorial
Federal Hall National Memorial

New York Tourism
This is New York City™


Mount Rushmore
Mount Rushmore National Memorial

South Dakota Tourism
Rapid City, South Dakota Convention & Visitor Bureau

PBS's American Experience: Mount Rushmore


U.S. Car No. 1
U. S Car No. 1 on exhibit at Gold Coast Railroad Museum

Visit Florida
Greater Miami Convention & Visitors Bureau

First Ladies National Historic Site
First Ladies National Historic Site
National First Ladies’ Library

Discover Ohio
Canton Stark County Convention and Visitors Bureau
Ohio and Erie Canal National Heritage Corridor National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Ohio and Erie Canal National Heritage Corridor

White House First Ladies’ Gallery
The White House Historical Association’s Biographies of the First Ladies


Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site
Eleanor Roosevelt Center at Val-Kill

New York Tourism
The Historic Town of Hyde Park Chamber of Commerce, Tourism Guide
Dutchess County Tourism
Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area

Eleanor Roosevelt: American Visionary National Park Service Virtual Museum Exhibit
First Lady of the World: Eleanor Roosevelt at Val-Kill National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plan
Places Where Women Made History Travel Itinerary a National Park Service Discover Our Shared Heritage travel itinerary
PBS’s American Experience: Eleanor Roosevelt
Teaching with Museum Collections lesson plan: A Few of Eleanor's Favorite Things: Learning about History by Looking at Objects


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Other Relevant Websites

American Memory at the Library of Congress  Search this website for documents, photographs, and other materials on the lives of the presidents.

American Scenic Byways  This website, maintained by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, includes information on state and nationally designated byway routes throughout America based on their archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational and scenic qualities. Visit the Scenic Byways Presidential Pathways website for more ideas.

Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itineraries  Other travel itineraries in the National Park Service's ongoing series include many historic destinations that you can visit online or in person.  Each itinerary spotlights a different geographic region, community, or theme.

Heritage Documentation Programs in the American Memory: Built in America Heritage Documentation Programs, National Park Service, administers HABS (Historic American Buildings Survey), the Federal Government’s oldest operating preservation program, and companion programs, HAER (Historic American Engineering Record), HALS (Historic American Landscapes Survey), and CRGIS (Cultural Resources Geographic Information Systems). Drawings, maps, photographs, and historical reports produced through the programs and archived at the Library of Congress constitute the nation’s largest collection of historical architectural, engineering, and landscape documentation.

Historic Hotels of America A feature of the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Heritage Traveler program that provides information on historic hotels and package tours in the vicinity of sites included in this itinerary.

National Archives and Records Administration Search the National Archives website for a number of primary documents regarding Theodore Roosevelt and details about his presidency.

National Heritage Areas Places designated by the United States Congress where natural, cultural, historic and recreational resources combine to form a cohesive, nationally-distinctive landscape arising from patterns of human activity shaped by geography. These areas tell nationally important stories about our nation and are representative of the national experience through both the physical features that remain and the traditions that have evolved within them.

National Historic Landmarks National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value in interpreting the heritage of the United States. Approximately 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction.

National Park Service The main National Park Service website is the gateway to national parks, information on preserving America’s history and culture in parks and communities, and a vast amount of other useful information on National Park Service programs, history and culture, nature and science, education, and other topics

National Scenic Byways Program This website, maintained by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, includes information on State and nationally designated byway routes throughout America based on their archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational, and scenic qualities. Visit the America’s Byways Journey Through Hallowed Ground website for more ideas

Park Museum Management Program Showcases National Park Service museum and archival collections, through on-line exhibits, publications, Teaching with Museum Collections lesson plans, and searchable databases of selected park museum collections.

National Park Service Office of History On-Line Books  This website includes many useful NPS documents on historical National Park System units associated with the presidents and on other related historical themes

National Park Service Office of Sustainable Tourism National Parks have been interwoven with tourism from their earliest days. This website highlights the ways in which the National Park Service promotes and supports sustainable, responsible, informed and managed visitor use through cooperation and coordination with the tourism industry.

National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the nation’s official inventory of historic places worthy of preservation. Districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture are included in the National Register, which is expanded and maintained by the National Park Service (NPS). The National Register website is the gateway to information on authentic registered historic places, the benefits of recognition, and how to become involved in identifying, nominating to the National Register, and protecting these irreplaceable reminders of our heritage.

National Trust for Historic Preservation The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a United States Congress-chartered non-profit group that preserves historic places, publishes information about preservation, and operates preservation initiatives. Learn about the programs and membership in the oldest national nonprofit preservation organization.

The Preserve America Communities program recognizes and designates communities that protect and celebrate their heritage, use their historic assets for economic development and community revitalization, and encourage people to experience and appreciate local historic resources through education and heritage tourism programs.

Presidential Libraries  The 12  presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration promote understanding of the presidency and the American experience.  They preserve and provide access to irreplaceable historical documents and other materials, support research, and create interactive programs and exhibits to educate and inspire.

Teaching with Historic Places This website, maintained by the National Park Service, offers online classroom-ready place-based lesson plans created by historians and educators to help teachers use historic places in the classroom.  Each lesson is linked to national standards for history and the social studies.


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Selected Presidential Bibliography

The Presidents and the Presidency
Beschloss, Michael. The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.
                             (ed.) The Presidents: Every Leader from Washington to Bush.  New York: American Heritage, Inc., 2003.

Chace, James. 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs -- The Election That Changed the Country. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Cooper, John Milton, Jr. The Warrior and the Priest: Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roosevelt. Cambridge, MA; Belknap Press.

Doenecke, Justus D. The Presidencies of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur. Lawrence: The Regents Press of Kansas, 1981

Ellis, Joseph J. Founding Brothers: the Revolutionary Generation. New York: Random House, 2000. 

Fischer, Roger A.  Tippecanoe and Trinkets Too:  The Material Culture of American Presidential Campaigns, 1828-1984. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Graff, Henry F., ed.  The Presidents: A Reference History, 2nd ed. New York: MacMillan, 1997.

Halberstam, David. War in a Time of Peace: Bush, Clinton and the Generals. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.

Israel, Fred L. Student’s Atlas of American Presidential Elections: 1789-1996. Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Books, 1997.

Kaiser, David. American Tragedy: Kennedy, Johnson and the Origins of the Vietnam War. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Kane, Joseph Nathan. Presidential Fact Book. New York: Random House, 1999.

Koenig, Louis W. The Chief Executive, 6th ed. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995.

Melder, Keith. Hail to the Candidate: Presidential Campaigns from Banners to Broadcasts. Washington, DC: Smithsonian, 1992.

National Park Service, The Presidents: From the Inauguration of George Washington to the Inauguration of Jimmy Carter, Vol. 20, National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings,  rev. ed. (Washington DC: United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1977).

West, Thomas G. Vindicating the Founders: Race, Sex, Class, and Justice in the Origins of America. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

Wilentz, Sean. The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln. New York: W. W. Norton, 2005.


George Washington
Achenbach, Joel. The Grand Idea: George Washington's Potomac and the Race to the West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Fischer, David Hacket. Washington's Crossing. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Flexner, James Thomas. George Washington. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1965-1972. 4 vols.
                                      Washington: The Indispensable Man. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1994 (1973).

Freeman, Douglas Southall. George Washington: A Biography. New York: Scribner, 1981 (1948-1957). 7 vols.

McCullough, David. 1776. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Smith, Richard Norton. Patriarch: George Washington and the New American Nation. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin, 1993.


John Adams
Brookhiser, Richard. America's First Dynasty: The Adamses, 1735-1918. New York: Free Press, 2002.

McCullough, David. John Adams. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

Smith, Page. John Adams. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing, 1969 (1962). 2 vols.


Thomas Jefferson
Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Ellis, Joseph J. American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Vintage,  Alfred A. Knopf, 1997.

Malone, Dumas. Jefferson and His Time. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1948-1981. 6 vols. 
                         Thomas Jefferson: A Brief Biography.  Raleigh:  University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Peterson, Merrill D. The Jefferson Image in the American Mind. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1998 (1960).

Simon, James F. What Kind of Nation: Thomas Jefferson, John Marshall, and the Epic Struggle to Create a United States. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.


James Madison
Rutland, Robert A. James Madison: The Founding Father. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1997.

Wills, Gary. James Madison. New York: Holt, 2002.


James Monroe
Dangerfield, George.  The Era of Good Feelings. Lawrence: The Regents Press of Kansas, 1963.


John Quincy Adams
Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1971 (1949).

Brookhiser, Richard. America's First Dynasty: The Adamses, 1735-1918. New York: Free Press, 2002.

Perkins, Bradford. Castlereagh and Adams: England and the United States, 1812-1823. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.

Richards, Leonard L. The Life and Times of Congressman John Quincy Adams. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.


Andrew Jackson
James, Marquis. Andrew Jackson: Border Captain; and Portrait of a President. New York: Smith Peter, 1990 (1933-1937). 2 vols.

Remini, Robert V. Andrew Jackson and the Course of American Democracy, 1933-1945. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998 (1984).

Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. The Age of Jackson. Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1988.

White, Leonard D. The Jacksonians. New York: MacMillan Company, 1954.


Martin Van Buren
Remini, Robert V. Martin Van Buren and the Making of the Democratic Party. New York: W. W. Norton, 1959.


James K. Polk
De Voto, Bernard.  The Year of Decision: 1846. Boston: Little, Brown, 1943.

Sellers, Charles. James K. Polk, Continentalist, 1843-1846. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1966.


Abraham Lincoln
Current, Richard N. and J. G. Randall. Last Full Measure: Lincoln the President. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2000 (1955).

Donald, David Herbert. Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005.

Guelzo, Allen C. Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. Grand Rapids, MI: W. B. Eerdmans, 1999.

Neely, Mark E. The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

Oates, Stephen B. With Malice Towards None: The Life of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Harper & Row, 1977.

Peterson, Merrill D. Lincoln in American Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Sandburg, Carl. .Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years. Edison, NJ: BBS Publishing, 1993 (1939).

Shenk, Joshua Wolf. Lincoln's Melancholy: How Lincoln's Depression Challenged a President and Fueled His Greatness. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Trefousse, Hans L. Lincoln’s Decision for Emancipation. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1975.

White Jr., Ronald C. Lincoln's Greatest Speech: The Second Inaugural. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.

Wills, Gary. Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words that Remade America. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.


Andrew Johnson
Trefousse, Hans L. Andrew Johnson: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton, 1989.


Ulysses S. Grant
McFeely, William. Grant: A Biography. New York: W. W. Norton and Company, 2002 (1981).

Simpson, Brooks D. Ulysses S. Grant: Triumph Over Adversity. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2000.

Smith, Jean Edward. Grant. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.


Arthur, Chester A.
Reeves, Thomas C.  The Life and Times of Chester Alan Arthur. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1975.


Grover Cleveland
Nevins, Allan. Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage. New York: American Political Biography, 2001 (1932).


William McKinley
Leech, Margaret. In the Days of McKinley. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1959.


Theodore Roosevelt
The Boyhood Diary of Theodore Roosevelt (1869-1870). Mankato, Minnesota: Capstone Press, 2001 (for children).

Chace, James. 1912: Wilson, Roosevelt, Taft & Debs -- The Election That Changed the Country. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004.

Dalton, Kathleen. A Strenuous Life. New York: Random House, 2002.

Fritz, Jean (1991). Bully For You, Teddy Roosevelt. New York, NY: GE Putnam Sons, 1991 (for children)

McCullough, David. Mornings on Horseback. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981.

Millard, Candice. The River of Doubt: Theodore Roosevelt's Darkest Journey. New York: Doubleday, 2005.

Miller, Nathan. Theodore Roosevelt: A Life. New York, NY: Harper Collins. 1992.

Morris, Edmund. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Random House, 2001 (1979).

Morris, Edmund. Theodore Rex. New York: Random House, 2001.

Pringle, Henry F. Theodore Roosevelt: A Biography. New York: William S. Konecky Associates, 1999 (1931).

Zimmermann, Warren. First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country a World Power. New York: Straus & Giroux, 2002.


William Howard Taft
Pringle, Henry F. The Life and Times of William Howard Taft, 2 vols. New York, Farrar & Rinehart, 1939.


Woodrow Wilson
Baker, Ray Stannard. Woodrow Wilson: Life & Letters. New York: Doubleday, 1927-1939. 8 vols.

Levin, Jr., N. Gordon. Woodrow Wilson and World Politics: America's Response to War and Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1980 (1968).

Link, Arthur S. Wilson, 5 vols.  Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1947.

Walworth, Arthur. Woodrow Wilson: American Prophet. New York: W.W. Norton, 1978 (1958).


Warren G.Harding
Ferrell, Robert H. The Strange Deaths of President Harding. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1996.


Calvin Coolidge
Ferrell, Robert H. The Presidency of Calvin Coolidge. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1998.


Herbert Hoover
Burner, David.  Herbert Hoover: A Public Life.  New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.

Smith, Richard Norton.  An Uncommon Man: The Triumph of Herbert Hoover. Worland, WY: High Plains Pub. Co., 1984.


Franklin D. Roosevelt
Burns, James MacGregor. Roosevelt: Soldier of Freedom. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company, 2003. (1956-1970).

Davis, Kenneth S. FDR: The Beckoning of Destiny, 1882-1928; a History. New York: Random House, 1993 (1972).

Flynn, John T. The Roosevelt Myth. New York: Devin-Adair, 1983.

Dallek, Robert. Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995 (1979).

Freidal, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt: Rendezvous with Destiny. Boston: Little, Brown, 1991.

Goodwin, Doris Kearns. No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Hamby, Alonzo L. For the Survival of Democracy: Franklin Roosevelt and the World Crisis of the 1930s. New York: Free Press, 2004.

Larrabee, Eric. Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, his Lieutenants, and their War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988.

Lash, Joseph P. Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers. New York: W. W. Norton, 1971.

Leuchtenburg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932-1940. New York: Harper Collins, 1989 (1963).

Persico, Joseph E. Roosevelt's Secret War: FDR and World War II Espionage. New York: Random House, 2001.

Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. The Crisis of the Old Order. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2003 (1957).

Sherwood, Robert E. Roosevelt and Hopkins. New York: Enigma Books, 2001 (1948).

Sunstein, Cass. R. The Second Bill of Rights: FDR's Unfinished Revolution and Why We Need it More Than Ever. New York: Basic Books, 2004.

Ward, Geoffrey C. First Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt. New York: Harper Collins, 1990 (1988).

Wilson, Theodore A. The First Summit: Roosevelt and Churchill at Placentia Bay 1941. Lawrence KS: University Press of Kansas, 1991 (1969).


Harry S Truman
Leffler, Melvyn P. A Preponderance of Power: National Security, the Truman Administration, and the Cold War. Palo Alto: Stanford University Press, 1991.

McCullough, David. Truman. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

Neal, Steve, ed. Eleanor and Harry: The Correspondence of Eleanor Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman. New York: Scribner, 2002.


Dwight D. Eisenhower
Ambrose, Stephen E. The Victors: Eisenhower and His Boys: The Men of World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

D'Este, Carlo. Eisenhower: A Soldier's Life. New York: Holt, 2002. .

Eisenhower, David. Eisenhower: At War, 1943-1945. New York: Random House, 1986.

Greenstein, Fred I. The Hidden-Hand Presidency: Eisenhower As Leader. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1994.

Nichols, David A. A Matter of Justice:  Eisenhower and the Beginning of the Civil Rights Revolution. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2007).

Wicker, Tom. Dwight D. Eisenhower. New York: Times Books, 2002.


John F. Kennedy
Dallek, Robert. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. Boston: Little, Brown, 2003.

Frankel, Max. High Noon in the Cold War: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Cuban Missile Crisis. New York: Ballantine, 2004.

Parmet, Herbert S. JFK: The Presidency of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dial Press, 1983.

Posner, Gerald. Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK. New York: Doubleday, 1994.

Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2002 (1965).

Smith, Sally Bedell. Grace and Power: The Private World of the Kennedy White House. New York: Random House, 2004.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1960. New York: Buccaneer, 1999 (1961).


Lyndon B. Johnson
Beschloss, Michael, ed. Reaching For Glory: Lyndon Johnson's Secret White House Tapes, 1964-1965. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002.

Caro, Robert A. Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Knopf, 2002.

Caro, Robert A. Means of Ascent: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Knopf, 1989.

Caro, Robert A. Path to Power: The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Knopf, 1981.

Dallek, Robert. Flawed Giant: Lyndon Johnson and His Times, 1961-1973. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.


Richard M. Nixon
Gould, Louis. 1968: The Election that Changed America. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1993.

Hersh, Seymour M. The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1983.

Mitchell, Greg. Tricky Dick and the Pink Lady. New York: Random House, 1998.

Reeves, Richard. President Nixon: Alone in the White House. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2001.

Wicker, Tom. One of Us: Richard Nixon and the American Dream. New York: Random House, 1995.


Gerald Ford
Greene, John Robert. The Presidency of Gerald R. Ford. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1995.


Jimmy Carter
Brinkley, Douglas. The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter's Journey Beyond the White House. New York: Viking, 1998.


Ronald Reagan
FitzGerald, Frances. Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars and the End of the Cold War. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Pemberton, William R. Exit With Honor: The Life and Presidency of Ronald Reagan. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 1997.


George H. W. Bush
Parmet, Herbert S. George Bush: The Life of a Lone Star Yankee. New York: Scribner, 1998.

Wicker, Tom.  George Herbert Walker Bush. New York: Lipper/Viking, 2004.


William J. Clinton
Clinton, Bill. My Life. New York: Knopf, 2004.

Harris, John F. The Survivor: Bill Clinton in the White House. New York: Random House, 2005.

Klein, Joe. The Natural: The Misunderstood Presidency of Bill Clinton. New York: Doubleday, 2002.

Walker, Martin. The President We Deserve: Bill Clinton: His Rise, Falls, and Comebacks. New York: Crown, 1996.


Mount Rushmore
Borglum, Lincoln. Mount Rushmore: The Story Behind the Scenery. Las Vegas, NV: KC Publications, 1977.

Carter, Robin Borglum. Gutzon Borglum: His Life and Work.  Austin, TX: Eakin Press, 1998.

Griffith, T. D. America’s Shrine of Democracy: A Pictorial History. Keystone, SD: Mount Rushmore History Association, 2004.

Patrick, Jean L. S. Who Carved the Mountain?: The Story of Mount Rushmore. Keystone, SD: Mount Rushmore History Association, 2005 (for children).

Shaff, Howard.  Six Wars at a Time. Sioux Falls, SD: Center for Western Studies, Augustana, College, 1985.

Smith, Rex Alan. The Carving of Mount Rushmore. New York: Abbeville, 1985.


First Ladies
Gould, Lewis L.Lady Bird Johnson: Our Environmental First Lady. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1999.

Klapthor, Margaret B. The First Ladies. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1995.

Mayo, Edith P. The Smithsonian Book of the First Ladies: Their Lives, Times and Issues. New York: Henry Holt & Co., 1996.

Mayo, Edith P., and Denise D. Meringolo. First Ladies: Political Role and Public Image. Washington: Smithsonian Press, 1994.


The White House
Aikman, Lonnelle. The Living White House. Washington, DC: The White House Historical Association, 1996.

Grace, Catherine O’Neill. The White House: An Illustrated History.  New York: Scholastic Nonfiction, 2003 (for children).

Monkman, Betty C. The White House: Its Historic Furnishings and First Families. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association; New York: Abbeville Press, 2000.

Seale, William. The White House: The History of an American Idea. Washington, DC: The American Institute of Architects Press, in association with the White House Historical Association, 1992.
                        The White House Garden. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, 1996.

The White House: An Historic Guide. Washington, D.C.: White House Historical Association, 1995.

The White House Remembered, Hugh Sidey, ed. Washington, DC: White House Historical Association, in cooperation with Thornwillow Press, 2005.

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