• Pa-Hay-okee Overlook

    Everglades

    National Park Florida

Sea Level Rise In Everglades National Park

The environment of south Florida and the Everglades is unique because of its low elevation and subtropical climate. Along the coast, seasonal pulses of freshwater from the north meet the constant fluctuation of the tides that nurture several distinct ecosystems, including buttonwood forests. These coastal communities are home to many rare and endangered plants such as tropical orchids and herbs, some of which are found only in south Florida6. Unfortunately, these species' special home is in danger because the habitat is changing, in part, due to sea level rise-causing the salinization of groundwater and the soils above6. It is unclear whether or not these species can tolerate the increased salinity that will come as sea level continues to rise due to climate change.

Scientists measure water levels throughout the park-including the many inland, freshwater habitats. The water level in these areas varies with changes in rainfall and freshwater flow as well as influences from ocean tides. Over the last 50 years, the scientists have observed an increase in the water level at some inland, freshwater sites in the park that is consistent in pace with the observed increase in regional sea level6. Though it is presently unclear why this correlation exists, and what implications it might have for the freshwater environments of the Everglades, it does suggest the influence of sea level rise may reach far inland.

 
graph shows trend in sea level rise inside park is consistent in pace with sea level measurements in Key West
Graph shows that the rate of marsh water-level rise in the park is similar to the rate of sea level rise observed in Key West. The black line is the trendline for the timeseries.
Figure from Stabenau, Erik, Vic Engel, Jimi Sadle, and Leonard Pearlstine 2011. “Sea-level rise: Observations, impacts, and proactive measures in Everglades National Park.” Park Science 28:26-30.
 
 
 
(object placeholder)

Did You Know?

Did You Know?

The Everglades are often described as having only two seasons- the wet and the dry. Most hot summer days are punctuated by quenching afternoon thunderstorms that bring life-giving water to the park.