• Long House in autumn

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

Bandelier Rocks

San Miguel Mountains

The San Miguel Mountains on the park's western boundary represent another episode of volcanism in the park's history.

photo by sally king

There are four main rock types found in Bandelier. Click on each rock type below to find out more about it and what that type of rock was used for by the Ancestral Pueblo people.

Basalt

Pumice

Obsidian

Tuff

Some less local rocks were also important.

Fibrolite

Did You Know?

Black-chinned Hummingbird chicks in nest

Hummingbirds use a combination of plant material, lichens, and moss held together by spider webs to make a flexible nest. This nest can expand to meet the needs of the growing chicks.