• western bluebirds

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

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  • Access by Shuttle Bus Only

    Through October 27, 2014 all access to the most visited part of the park, Frijoles Canyon, will be via a mandatory shuttle bus from the nearby community of White Rock from 9 AM - 3 PM daily. Private cars may drive in before 9 AM or after 3 PM. More »

Pumice

waffle garden with pumice mulch

Pumice holds water and works great as a mulch in farming.

photo by sally king

The Rock
Pumice is a very light, porous rock that is formed from gas-filled magma during some volcanic eruptions. Because it is porous, it absorbs and holds water. Pumice covers some areas of the park.

The Uses
Areas of soil covered with pumice were good for growing crops because pumice holds moisture.

Did You Know?

Valles Caldera

The Valles Caldera is the collapsed summit of the Jemez Volcano which erupted over 1 million years ago. Ash from this volcano formed the volcanic tuff from which the Ancestral Pueblo people built their homes.