• Bandelier Short-horned Lizard

    Bandelier

    National Monument New Mexico

Basalt

basalt axe

Basalt was used to make tools, such as axe heads, hoes, and corn grinders.

The Rock
Basalt is a very hard, dense, black volcanic rock that forms when lava oozes to the surface and cools. Basalt underlies the tuff cliffs and is exposed in the lower canyons of the park.

The Uses
Basalt was used to make tools, such as axe heads, hoes, and corn grinders. Because Bandelier’s basalt is very fine grained, it was also used to make cutting, piercing, and scraping tools.

Did You Know?

Dog Petroglyph from Long House

The Ancestral Pueblo people carved petroglyphs into the soft tuff rock above many of the dwellings built along the cliffs.