Several species of animals have developed very specialized means of surviving in this harsh environment, enabling them to thrive in a place with very little surface water and highly mineralized ground water. In fact, the park is home to more than 800 different animal species, many of them nocturnal. Included in this number are species from all groups of the animal kingdom: mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish, and invertebrates.
a sandy white mouse eats vegetation on top of a white dune it blends with

Many species of mammals make their home in White Sands National Park. Learn about their unique behaviors and adaptations to survive.

a row of small indentations in the sand show where an apache pocket mouse crossed the white dunes.
Wildlife Tracks

White Sands provides the perfect opportunity to discover wildlife tracks. Keep an eye out of tracks scattered throughout the dunes.

a large greyish owl sit a top green spiny leaves of a tall Yucca plant.

White Sands National Park has recorded over 220 recorded species of birds, including wrens, mockingbirds, raptors, and roadrunners.

a small whiteish black frog sits upon white sand during nighttime

There are seven species of frogs and one species of salamander at White Sands National Park. Learn about these ecological sensitive species.

a brown moth with white stripes sits on top of white sands

By far, the largest group in the park is the invertebrates with over 600 different species, including endemic moths only found in the park.

a school of small brownish fish swim in a shallow pool of water on top of the sand

The White Sands pupfish is the only species of fish endemic to the Tularosa Basin, and it is the only fish found in White Sands.

two dark brown turtles looking at each other on the dunes at night

There are a large variety of reptiles living within the park including snakes, lizards and turtles. Learn about these fascinating reptiles.

a small white cricket blends into the sand behind it
White Species

Learn about many of the white species of animals that have quickly evolved to match the white sand dunes of the park.

Check off the species that you see with a Mammal, Reptile, Amphibian, and Insect White Sands checklist or view the White Sands species list.

Last updated: August 21, 2023

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

PO Box 1086
Holloman AFB, NM 88330


575 479-6124

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