The preserve operates six weather stations within its boundaries, plus two stations in the Santa Fe National Forest, and one station at the administrative offices in Jemez Springs. The US Forest Service operates an additional three stations just outside the preserve in the Santa Fe National Forest.
Each weather station measures wind speed and direction, net radiation, air temperature and humidity, barometric pressure, precipitation, soil moisture at 5, 10, and 30 cm depth, and soil temperature at 1, 10, and 40 cm depth.
Current and archived data from these stations are available online from the Desert Research Institute's Western Regional Climate Center: Current and archived data from this station
A Climate Reference Network (CRN) weather station, operated by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), also operates in the Valle Grande of the VCNP. Current and archived CRN data.
A SNOTEL station is located just east of the preserve boundary on the Santa Fe National Forest. This station, operated by the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), collects standard weather information as well as snow-depth and snow water content (SWE) data. These data can be found online at: Current and archived data from this station
A second SNOTEL station is located within the preserve on Garita Peak. These data can be found online at: Garita Peak SNOTEL station data.
The University of Arizona's NSF-funded Critical Zone Observatory
maintains additional instrumentation at their research sites within the Preserve, including snow depth sensors, flux towers, and meteorological stations. More detailed information and datasets.