First NPS historic landscape treatment plans.
Publication of the first "Historic Grounds Reports" for national park historic landscapes.
Development of Land Trusts and preservation easements.
One of the earliest historic preservation easements was made in the early 1960s to preserve the view shed from Mount Vernon, when local residents became concerned that proposed development on the surrounding area would detract from the natural and historic character of the land.
Penn Station demolition catalyzes historic preservation movement.
The decision to replace the New York's Penn Station, designed by McKim, Mead and White, and its subsequent demolition becomes a key moment in the birth of the US historic preservation movement--a movement that came too late to save Penn Station, but galvanized the preservation of Grand Central Terminal in the 1970s.
The National Historic Preservation Act passed.
The NHPA's preservation program is conceived as a partnership between the Federal Government, led by the NPS, and the States (now including Indian Tribes and Certified Local Governments). The NHPA also created the National Register of Historic Places, the Advisory Council for Historic Preservation, and Section 106 –a legal status for historic preservation in Federal planning.
Passage of the Department of Transportation Act
The creation of the Department of Transportation and the development of a National Transportation Policy called for the section 4(f) "requirement for consideration of park and recreation lands, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and historic sites in transportation project development."
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is passed.
The National Park Service and other federal agencies are required by NEPA to evaluate environmental impacts of their actions and to involve the public in the decision-making process.
First NPS vernacular landscape preserved
"Historic scene" defined in NPS Administrative Policies.
The precursor to the term "cultural landscape," "historic scene" denotes the overall appearance of all historic resources and their surroundings as they were in the historic period.
Tension between landscape preservation and landscape dynamism raised.
J.B. Jackson criticizes the practices of landscape preservation in a letter to Landscape Architecture magazine, cautioning that the movement should, "create a sense of time," not a "sterile reconstruction."
NPS landscape preservation guidance published.
Thomas Kane, founder of the Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation, prepares guidelines on historic landscape preservation for State Historic Preservation Officers (SHPOs) involved with the National Register program.
The Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation established.
The Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation is a professional organization that provides a forum for cultural landscape academic study and advancement of the field of landscape preservation. AHLP now operates in over 30 U.S. states, multiple Canadian provinces, and Europe.
Historic design drawings of the Olmsted Firm preserved.
The language of the 1935 Historic Sites Act is used to preserve and conserve the Olmsted archives. The archives are a foundation for work to preserve historic Olmsted landscapes.
New York's Central Park Conservancy is formed.
The Central Park Conservancy is formed by a group of citizens dedicated to improving the condition of Olmsted's and Vaux's NYC masterpiece. The park was designated a landmark in 1974 by the NYC Landmarks Preservation Commission. The Conservancy is one of the earliest examples of a public-private partnership for preservation of a public park.
Park conservancies continue to play an active role in supporting many of the large, historic city parks around the country.
Last updated: July 26, 2017