This was the only Union position that held throughout the first day. Artillery and infantry halted the first attack at 10 am and beat back three more as the day wore on. By dusk the Confederate dead and wounded covered the fields of Hell’s Half Acre.
On December 31, 1862, the men of Colonel William B. Hazen’s brigade found themselves at a crucial point. They held the Union line between the Nashville Pike and Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, in an area known as the Round Forest. The Confederates attacked four times that day, and after each attack their casualties only grew.
The carnage left in the wake of the Hazen Brigade's defiant stand lent the place a new name: Hell's Half Acre.
After the battle, General William S. Rosecrans set his soldiers to work building fortifications on the outskirts of Murfreesboro. This new fort, named Fortress Rosecrans, served as a vital supply base. It supplied Union forces as they pushed towards Tullahoma and eventually Chattanooga.
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Last updated: July 23, 2022