Desert View is the eastern-most developed area on the South Rim of Grand Canyon National Park. Recognized as a National Historic Landmark, the Watchtower was constructed in 1932. Architect Mary Colter’s design takes its influences from the architecture of the Ancestral Puebloan people of the Colorado Plateau. This particular tower was patterned after those found at Hovenweep and the Round Tower of Mesa Verde. Colter indicated that it was not a copy of any that she had seen, but rather modeled from several.
With painstaking detail, Colter directed the placement of each rock and architectural accent in the Desert View Watchtower. Using mostly locally sourced rocks and reused timber, the tower appears to grow organically from the rim of the canyon itself, paying homage to the techniques and styles of local tribes while utilizing modern-day equipment and materials to strengthen the internal structure.
The view from the Watchtower provides a unique perspective of the eastern portion of Grand Canyon. From here, looking to the northeast offers a distant glimpse of the Colorado River's transition from the relatively narrow Marble Canyon to the north into the much wider, broader expanse of Grand Canyon.
For more about what can be seen from here, view Desert View Point.
Hours of Operation
The Desert View Watchtower Retail Store (Kiva Room), first floor only, is open Saturday - Wednesday (closed Thursday and Friday), 10:00 am - 3:00 pm. The upper floors of the Watchtower are closed until further notice.
This lower floor of the tower, the Kiva Room, is modeled after a traditional Native American kiva, and usually hosts cultural demonstrators throughout the year. A Grand Canyon Conservancy Park Store is also located here.
Inside the Watchtower Kiva Room, views of the canyon, through the different windows, are enhanced by looking through reflectoscopes —viewing instruments that use polished black glass mirrors to cut through the haze and glare of bright sunlight and more clearly highlighting the canyon's multi-colored layers.
Park Shuttles are NOT provided to Desert View or the Tusayan Ruin and Museum.
The 23 mile (37 km) drive east of Grand Canyon Village on Arizona Highway 64 is worth the effort. Desert View Drive offers spectacular perspectives of the canyon, including:
- Six developed canyon viewpoints
- Four picnic areas
- Five unmarked pullouts
- Accessibility for private vehicles
- Tusayan Pueblo Museum and ruins
There is NO lodging at Desert View, although there is a seasonal campground operated by the National Park Service.
The Desert View area provides access to restrooms, Desert View Watchtower, Trading Post, Grocery Store, Gas Station, and Campground. As of this update, Rangers have an information table set up in front of a building on the north side of the parking lot. Rangers are available at the table between 9 am and 5 pm daily. You may also encounter rangers roving around the grounds to answer any questions you may have about the area and visiting the park.
Park Ranger Programs
When you arrive at Desert View, check bulletin boards or ask at the information table about programs being offered during your visit.
More About the Watchtower
As you approach the building you might see how well it blends into the environment. It is difficult to tell where the rock of the canyon walls end, and the tower begins. Colter said:
“First and most important, was to design a building that would become part of its surroundings; one that would create no discordant note against the time eroded walls of this promontory.”
To obtain this result she insisted that the rocks not be cut or worked, so they would not lose the “weathered surfaces so essential to blend it with the canyon walls”.
Note, too, some of the intricate designs she had built into the tower. For example, look for the white decorative stones near the top, which fade out as the eye goes around the tower. She had seen this pattern at Chaco Canyon and thought it would break the monotony of this Watchtower. The built in cracks which are patterned from some of the ancient towers she had seen are deliberately designed. There are petroglyphs on some of the stones. Can you spot them?
The internal steel framework of the Watchtower was designed and supervised by the bridge builders of the Santa Fe Railway company. Upon this framework, each exterior stone was selected and carefully placed to ensure exactly the look that Mary Colter was hoping to obtain.
The Kiva Room, which for years was used as retail space, in 2015 was returned to the open area that Mary Colter had intended, since the room was originally designed to be a rest area. It was here that visitors to the canyon in the 1930’s could sit in comfort and have outstanding views of the canyon. The fireplace is unique in that it does not block the view for visitors. Gaze into one of the reflectoscopes and see a different perspective of Grand Canyon.