online book
Colonel Allensworth
Five Views: An Ethnic Historic Site Survey for California



A.M.E. Church
Noted Individuals

Historic Sites
current topic Selected References


A History of Black Americans in California:

Abajian, James. Blacks and Their Contributions to the American West. Boston: C. K. Hall, 1974.

Adams, Dorothy. "Life in the Mining Camps of the Yuba River Valley." M.A. Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1931.

Adams, Russell. Great Negroes Past and Present. Chicago: Afro-American Press, 1964.

American Association of University Women. Heritage Fresno - Homesand People. Fresno: Pioneer Publishing Co., 1975.

Aptheker, Herbert. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. New York: Citadel, 1951.

Bean, Edwin. Bean's History and Directory of Nevada County. Nevada: Daily Gazette, 1867.

Beasley, Delilah. The Negro Trail Blazers of California. Los Angeles: Times Printing and Binding House, 1919.

Belous, Russell. America's Black Heritage. Los Angeles: Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, 1969.

Benson, J. J. "San Bernardino, California." Alexander's Magazine, Vol. 3, Dec. 1906, pp. 111-113.

Berwanger, Eugene. The Frontier Against Slavery. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1967.

Bond, Max. The Negro in Los Angeles. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Southern California, 1936.

Bonner, T. D. The Life and Adventures of James P. Beckwourth. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Bontemps, Arna and Jack Conroy. Anyplace But Here. New York: Hilland Wang, 1966.

Bowers, George. "Will Imperial Valley Become a Land of Opportunity for Negro Citizens." Southern Workman, Vol. 59, July 1930, pp. 305-313.

Carter, Kate. The Negro Pioneer. Salt Lake City, 1965.

Cartland, Earl. "A Study of the Negroes Living in Pasadena." M.A. Thesis, Whittier College, 1948.

de Graaf, Lawrence. "Recognition, Racism and Reflections on the Writing of Western Black History." Pacific Historical Review, Vol. XLIV, 1975, pp. 23-51.

Delay, Peter. History of Yuba and Sutter Counties. Los Angeles: Historic Record Co., 1924.

Derrick, John. "Booker T. Washington Orphanage of California." Colored American Magazine, Vol. 10, March 1906, pp. 171-172.

Drothning, Philip. Black Heroes in Our Nation's History. New York: Cowles, 1969.

_____________. A Guide to Negro History in America. New York: Doubleday, 1968.

Durham, Philip and Everett Jones. The Negro Cowboys. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1965.

Du Bois, W.E.B. "Colored California." Crisis, Vol. 6, Aug. 1913, pp.182-183.

Fahey, John. "Casa de Light and Freeman." Manuscript, Old Town San Diego State Historic Park, 1973.

Fisher, James. A History of the Political and Social Development of the Black Community in California, 1850-1950. Ph.D. Thesis, State University of New York, 1971.

Forbes, Jack. Afro-Americans in the Far West. Berkeley: Far West Laboratory, 1966.

Foster, Stephen. "Los Angeles Pioneers of 1836." Historical Society of Southern California Journal, Vol. 6, 1903, pp. 80-81.

Franklin, John. From Slavery to Freedom. New York: Alfred Knopf, 1967.

Franklin, William. "The Archy Case: The California Supreme Court Refuses to Free a Slave." Pacific Historical Review, Vol. XXXII, 1963.

Goode, Kenneth. California's Black Pioneers. Santa Barbara: McNally and Laughlin, 1974.

Jackson, Inez. History of Black Americans in San Jose. San Jose: Garden City Women's Club, 1978.

Katz, William Loren. The Black West. New York: Doubleday and Co., 1971.

Lapp, Rudolph. Blacks in Gold Rush California. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977.

Lewis, Frank. "Original Town of Weed." The Siskiyou Pioneer and Yearbook, Vol. 3, 1967, pp. 5-10.

Mason, William and James Anderson. "Los Angeles Black Heritage." Museum Alliance Quarterly, Vol. 8, Winter, 1969, pp. 4-9.

McGroarty, John. Los Angeles, From the Mountains to the Sea. Chicago: American Historical Society, 1921.

McPherson, James. The Negro's Civil War. New York: Pantheon Books, 1956.

Montesano, Phil. "The Black Churches of San Francisco in the Early 1860s: Their Political Activities." Manuscript, California Historical Society Library, San Francisco, 1971.

O'Donnell, Haldredge. Mammy Pleasant. New York: Putman Co., 1953

Parker, Elizabeth and James Abajian. A Walking Tour of the Black Presence in San Francisco During the Nineteenth Century. San Francisco: Afro-American Historical and Cultural Society, 1974.

Proceedings of the State Convention of Colored Citizens of the State of California, Sacramento, 1855, 1856, 1865. San Francisco: R & E Research Associates, 1969.

Savage, W. Sherman. Blacks in the West. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1976.

__________________. "Early Negro Education in the Pacific Coast States." Journal of Negro Education, Vol. 15, Winter, 1946, pp. 134-139.

_____________. "The Negro on the Mining Frontier." Journal of Negro History, Vol. XXX, January 1945.

Siracusa, Ernest. "The Negro in Gold Rush California." Journal of Negro History, Vol. XLIX, April 1964, pp. 81-98.

Thurman, Sue Bailey. Pioneers of Negro Origin in California. San Francisco: Acme Publishing, 1952.

Thurman, Odell. "The Negro in California Before 1890." Pacific Historian, Vol. 20, 1976, pp. 52-66.


Fresno Bee, December 1969, 6/3.
The Independent and Gazette, December 21, 1978, 3/1.
Los Angeles California Eagle, October 19, 1929, 1/1.
Los Angeles Times, February 12, 1909, Section II, 1/1.
Los Angeles Times, July 1938, 13/4.

Marysville Daily Appeal, June 7, 1900, 1/2.
Mount Shasta Herald, March 16, 1978, Section II, 1/1.
Oakland Independent, October 19, 1929, 1/1.
Oakland Sunshine, September 11, 1909, 1/3.
Oakland Sunshine, October 30, 1915, 3/4.

San Francisco Chronicle, October 11, 1903, 5/1.
San Francisco Chronicle, September 11, 1904, 2/2.
San Francisco Mirror of the Times, May 22, 1857, 2/1.
San Francisco Pacific Appeal, November 29, 1873, 1/3.
San Francisco Spokesman, April 4,1934.

Southwest Contractor and Manufacturer, November 1912, 21.
Tulare Advance Register, October 30, 1973, 9/3.
Western American, October 29, 1926, 6/6.
Wheat/and Free Press, May 29, 1875, 4/1.
Wheat/and Free Press, June 5, 1875, 6/2.
Wheatland Record, January 18, 1878, 3/2.

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