Living in the backcountry could be dangerous. Crimes abounded and punishment rarely enforced. Before the construction of the courthouse and jail in 1772, about 4,000 Regulators attempted to enforce justice. These self-appointed duties including chasing bandits, punishing immoral women, and expelling vagrants.
The Regulator movement was replaced by a circuit court system in 1769 and the Ninety Six District was established. The courthouse and jail brought a sense of law, order, and civilization to the backcountry of South Carolina. Cases were heard twice a year, in April and November. Ninety Six was no longer an isolated wilderness outpost.