Natural Features & Ecosystems

Images showing a variety of geologic features.
Top left: Cliff House Sandstone, Top center: Point Lookout Formation, Top right: Mancos Shale, Bottom left: Alcove (Cliff Palace), Bottom center: Seep spring, Bottom right: Concretions.



The geological history of Mesa Verde National Park is as diverse as the cultural history of the region. The Ancestral Pueblo people recognized this diversity and used the geology of the area, such as seep springs and alcoves, to create a sustainable and advanced lifestyle. These people thrived in the Southwest, supporting and nourishing their families with the remarkable natural resources on the mesa and from nearby areas.

Last updated: February 28, 2015

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PO Box 8
Mesa Verde National Park, CO 81330


(970) 529-4465

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