Eastern Phoebe
Eastern Phoebe (NPS Photo Credit Ed Sharron)
A number of bird species live within the park boundaries. These range from seasonal visitors, to others just passing through, to those species that live year round in Vermont. A number of different song birds can be heard during the summer, including the Hermit Thrush, Vermont's state bird. On the Pogue, the park's 14-acre pond, Great Blue herons fish for bass. At night, the forest is the home of many different owl species, including the Barred owl, which is commonly seen in the park.

Print out a Bird Checklist grab your binoculars and put your results into eBird after exploring the park’s trails and birds!

Thanks to the NPS Inventory and Monitoring Program's Northeast Temperate Network (NETN), we now have a bird checklist for the park in a downloadable pdf file. The data for the checklist came from the Network's breeding bird monitoring program, the NPSpecies database and hundreds of eBird checklists for the park. Way to go Northeast Temperate Network and citizen scientists! The park has a wide variety of habitats and birds and great trails to hike to to get to them. Our forestry program ensures habitat for some early successional species as well as conserving forest bird habitat.

► Read NETN article: Citizen Scientists Help Track America's Rarest Thrush

Dark-eyed Junco sits on a branch
Dark-eyed Junco (NPS Photo Credit Ed Sharron)

March - Bird of the Month - the Dark-eyed Junco

The Dark-eyed Junco is our Bird of the Month for March. A medium-sized sparrow, the dark-eyed junco can be found flitting through the trees in conifer and mixed wood forests or foraging on the ground for seeds and insects.

While this flashy little sparrow does come in various color patterns, those seen East of the plains are generally slate-colored, with crisp markings are bright white tail feathers (as portrayed in the photo below). One of the most commonly recorded birds in our park, the dark-eyed junco is known for its twittering call and same-pitched trilling song.

While they are quite common, the presence of large populations of dark-eyed juncos can indicate a robust seed crop!
Hairy Woodpecker on log feeder
Hairy Woodpecker (NPS Photo Credit: K Jones)

February - In honor of the second month of the Year of the Bird, we are highlighting the Hairy Woodpecker!

A member of the Picidae family, the hairy woodpecker can be identified by its squarish head, stiff tail feathers, and chisel-like bill. A hairy woodpecker’s bill has been known to be nearly the same length as its head--a useful fact to remember when trying to differentiate between the hairy woodpecker and its smaller cousin, the downy woodpecker!

Hairy woodpeckers can be found in deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forests. They tend to be permanent residents, but some hairy woodpeckers do migrate from the northern range in the winter. Easy to spot by their contrasting black and white coloring--adult males also sport a spot of red at the back of the head--the hairy woodpecker is often quite easy to hear as well. Known for a loud, sharp “peek” and single-pitch rattle, you can also hear the drumming of the hairy woodpecker as it excavates its nest in a tree trunk in warmer months. In later years, the nest a hairy woodpecker excavates may serve as a home for wrens, chickadees, and other small birds!

Red Crossbill bird on tree branch with blue sky background
Red Crossbill (Photo taken by park visitor, Marv Elliott)

January - To kick off the Year of the Bird, we are highlighting the Red Crossbill!

Generally measuring 5.5 - 6.5 inches with a large head and short tail, this bulky little member of the Finch family gets its name from another physiological feature--its crossed mandibles! This distinctive feature helps the Crossbill crack open evergreen cones while feeding. In fact, it's often easier to detect the diminutive Red Crossbill by the sound of cracking cones or their hard "jip-jip-jip" call than by sight.

Variations in bill not only hint at which cone is its preferred food source, but--along with noted changes in calls--have also led researchers to believe there may be as many as 10 different varieties of the Red Crossbill in North America! To learn more about the debate and the effect it may have on your birding checklist, follow this link. A hardy, nomadic species, at least one variety of Red Crossbill has been spotted enjoying the conifer stands in our park this winter!

Northeast Temperate Network (NETN) article - Species Spotlight - Red Crossbill

Cedar Waxwing bird in tree with berries
Cedar Waxwing (NPS Photo Credit K Jones)

Year of the Bird

2018 is the Year of the Bird! Parks, conservationists, organizations, and nature lovers all around the world are teaming up to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the most powerful and important bird-protection law ever passed. Join us in committing to protect birds today and for the next hundred years. Visit the National Geographic's Year of the Bird page.

As a national park unit whose mission is to interpret the history of conservation and stewardship, we recognize the protection of birds was and continues to be a critical component to protecting our planet's biodiversity. Over the next year, we will be sharing insights into the world of birds at Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park. Stay tuned for updates on the birds you can find within our 550 acres of forests, as well as evidence of an affinity for birds by the generations of conservationists that have called the property home over the last 200 years.

Northeast Temperate Network (NETN) Program

The Northeast Temperate Network (NETN) monitors a variety of natural resource indicators, called vital signs, for 12 parks in the northeast and the Appalachian National Scenic Trail. Find additional NETN reports, briefs and information on birds.
Sharp-Shinned Hawk sits on branch Photo Credit Ed Sharron

Species Spotlight Sharp-Shinned Hawk

“Sharpie’s” are the smallest of three North American agile hawks known as the accipiters (ah-sip-it-ers).

Hermit Thrush with open beak on tree Photo Credit Minder Cheng

Species Spotlight - Hermit Thrush

The state bird of Vermont and a little smaller than a Robin, the Hermit Thrush has grey-brown upper parts and a contrasting white underside.

American Woodcock blends into the forest floor Photo Credit Steve Valasek

Species Spotlight - American Woodcock

The American Woodcock is a stout, short-legged shorebird with a long and straight bill.

Last updated: April 27, 2018

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Woodstock , VT 05091


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