2018 is the Year of the Bird! Parks, conservationists, organizations, and nature lovers all around the world are teaming up to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the most powerful and important bird-protection law ever passed. Join us in committing to protect birds today and for the next hundred years. Visit the National Geographic's Year of the Bird page.
As a national park unit whose mission is to interpret the history of conservation and stewardship, we recognize the protection of birds was and continues to be a critical component to protecting our planet's biodiversity. Over the next year, we will be sharing insights into the world of birds at Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park. Stay tuned for updates on the birds you can find within our 550 acres of forests, as well as evidence of an affinity for birds by the generations of conservationists that have called the property home over the last 200 years.
A number of bird species live within the park boundaries. These range from seasonal visitors, to others just passing through, to those species that live year round in Vermont. A number of different song birds can be heard during the summer, including the Hermit Thrush, Vermont's state bird. On the Pogue, the park's 14-acre pond, Great Blue herons fish for bass. At night, the forest is the home of many different owl species, including the Barred owl, which is commonly seen in the park.
► Print out a Bird Checklist grab your binoculars and put your results into eBird after exploring the park’s trails and birds!
Thanks to the NPS Inventory and Monitoring Program's Northeast Temperate Network (NETN), we now have a bird checklist for the park in a downloadable pdf file. The data for the checklist came from the Network's breeding bird monitoring program, the NPSpecies database and hundreds of eBird checklists for the park. Way to go Northeast Temperate Network and citizen scientists! The park has a wide variety of habitats and birds and great trails to hike to to get to them. Our forestry program ensures habitat for some early successional species as well as conserving forest bird habitat.
This month, we celebrate the American Goldfinch, Spinus tristis. This small, compact finch may be easily identified in the breeding season by the brilliant yellow and black plumage put on by males. Females and non-breeding males, though duller in color, may still be identified by two conspicuous pale bars on their wings.
American Goldfinches have an undulating flight pattern, meaning they frequently dip and rise as they fly. An easy indication that goldfinches are near is their flight call, a bright per-chik-o-ree or, more whimsically, po-ta-to-chip. The song of the American Goldfinch is light and complex, made up of many whistles and warbles that are variable and seemingly random. Individuals will continue to learn and change their songs throughout their lifetimes!
While the American Goldfinch does migrate, its path and preferences are irregular, often lingering in the North when food resources are in good supply. Here in the Park, American Goldfinches are a familiar sight and sound all year long, and can be seen foraging for seeds on thistles, grasses, and trees such as alder, birch, and elm.
June Bird of the Month - the Bobolink!
Our Bird of the Month for June is the Bobolink! This medium-sized relative of blackbirds and orioles prefers damp, unmown meadows and natural prairies. During breeding season, the male--whose unique black-and-white coloring across its back has been described as a “backwards tuxedo”--can be heard singing from the tops of grass stems and during display flights across fields.
Like blackbirds, Bobolinks are often polygynous, meaning that male Bobolinks can have several mates each breeding season. Furthermore, female Bobolinks can also be polyandrous, which may result in each clutch of eggs laid by a female Bobolink having multiple fathers! When the young hatch, both males and females help feed the young in their primary (and sometimes secondary) nests!
Despite the ability to mate with multiple partners in a single breeding season, Bobolink populations have declined significantly in the past few decades--one possible cause is the decline in the Bobolink’s preferred nesting habitat. Bobolinks generally nest in slight depressions in the earth hidden in tall, dense grasses, where they construct a shallow open cup of stems lined with finer grasses.
After mating, breeding, and raising their young, male Bobolinks molt into a buffy dark-streaked plumage closely resembling that of the females as they prepare to fly south for the winter--sometimes over 5,000 miles!
While a rough Anglicization of its bubbling, tinkling song has given the Bobolink its common name, its song has also been compared to another far-traveling conversationalist--R2-D2!
As you wander near hay fields, pastures, and other agricultural fields in our galaxy this summer, keep an ear out for the gurgling, whistling call of the Bobolink!
May - Bird of the Month is the Eastern Wood-Pewee
This May, we’re highlighting the Eastern Wood-Pewee! Generally found in eastern and central North America during breeding season, this olive-brown member of the Tyrannidae family loves to perch on branches in the mid-canopy and surprise its prey--flying insects.
While it can be difficult to spot the Eastern Wood-Pewee or differentiate it on sight from other members of the tyrant flycatcher group--like the Olive-sided Flycatcher and the Greater Pewee--the Eastern Wood-Pewee’s call is unmistakable. Listen for its slurred “pee-ah-weeee!” or “PEE-weee” in woodlands, groves, and forest edges this summer as it mates, breeds, and nests!
March - Bird of the Month is the Dark-eyed Junco
The Dark-eyed Junco is our Bird of the Month for March. A medium-sized sparrow, the dark-eyed junco can be found flitting through the trees in conifer and mixed wood forests or foraging on the ground for seeds and insects.
While this flashy little sparrow does come in various color patterns, those seen East of the plains are generally slate-colored, with crisp markings are bright white tail feathers (as portrayed in the photo below). One of the most commonly recorded birds in our park, the dark-eyed junco is known for its twittering call and same-pitched trilling song.
While they are quite common, the presence of large populations of dark-eyed juncos can indicate a robust seed crop!
February - the Bird of the Month is the Hairy Woodpecker!
A member of the Picidae family, the hairy woodpecker can be identified by its squarish head, stiff tail feathers, and chisel-like bill. A hairy woodpecker’s bill has been known to be nearly the same length as its head--a useful fact to remember when trying to differentiate between the hairy woodpecker and its smaller cousin, the downy woodpecker!
Hairy woodpeckers can be found in deciduous, coniferous, and mixed forests. They tend to be permanent residents, but some hairy woodpeckers do migrate from the northern range in the winter. Easy to spot by their contrasting black and white coloring--adult males also sport a spot of red at the back of the head--the hairy woodpecker is often quite easy to hear as well. Known for a loud, sharp “peek” and single-pitch rattle, you can also hear the drumming of the hairy woodpecker as it excavates its nest in a tree trunk in warmer months. In later years, the nest a hairy woodpecker excavates may serve as a home for wrens, chickadees, and other small birds!
January - To kick off the Year of the Bird, we are highlighting the Red Crossbill!
Generally measuring 5.5 - 6.5 inches with a large head and short tail, this bulky little member of the Finch family gets its name from another physiological feature--its crossed mandibles! This distinctive feature helps the Crossbill crack open evergreen cones while feeding. In fact, it's often easier to detect the diminutive Red Crossbill by the sound of cracking cones or their hard "jip-jip-jip" call than by sight.
Variations in bill not only hint at which cone is its preferred food source, but--along with noted changes in calls--have also led researchers to believe there may be as many as 10 different varieties of the Red Crossbill in North America! To learn more about the debate and the effect it may have on your birding checklist, follow this link. A hardy, nomadic species, at least one variety of Red Crossbill has been spotted enjoying the conifer stands in our park this winter!
The Northeast Temperate Network (NETN) monitors a variety of natural resource indicators, called vital signs, for 12 parks in the northeast and the Appalachian National Scenic Trail. Find additional NETN reports, briefs and information on birds.