Following the Expedition of Juan Bautista de AnzaIn 1776, while American patriots fought for their independence from England, Spanish Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza led more than 240 men, women, and children some 1,800 miles to establish a settlement at San Francisco Bay. These families were the first colonists to come overland across the frontier of New Spain into present-day California.
The 1,200-mile Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail connects history, culture, and outdoor recreation across 20 counties of Arizona and California. Each site along the Anza Trail is independently operated. Hours, fees, and use rules vary.
The National Park Service administers the Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail through partnership with other federal, state, county, and municipal parks and agencies, local volunteer groups, non-profit organizations, and private landowners.
An Auto Route approximates the areas where the expedition traveled. Several communities and parks offer Anza Recreation Trail for walking, hiking, horse riding, and bicycling. A Historic Route comprises a variety of historic sites related to the Spanish Colonial era. If an area belonging to a private landowner is not open to visitors, permission must be obtained to enter the property.
- Historic & Cultural Sites in Arizona
- Historic & Cultural Sites in California
- Premier Recreation Trail Experiences
- Major Annual Events Along the Anza Trail
- Passport to Your National Parks: Anza Trail Stamp Locations
- Experience the Anza Trail on Amtrak: Trails & Rails
- For an interactive map of all Anza Trail resources, visit our partner website, http://www.anzahistorictrail.org