Every one of these animals had a role in this environment, whether they were primary producers or primary consumers, they each had a niche.
was a canid predator, related to modern red foxes, that preyed on smaller animals such as gophers and voles. It would have taken advantage of the thick bunch grasses in the landscape to ambush its prey.
Indarctos was a 12 foot relative of modern bears- a formidable predator. Considering Indartcos had long legs and a large stature, it would have easily preyed on small, grazing animals such as Pliohippus and Hemiauchenia.
Teleoceras was a grazer and mixed feeder, like its modern African rhino relatives. This animal had short legs and a barrel chest, built much like a modern hippo, but more closely related to a rhinoceros.
Mylohyus closely resembled modern peccaries, like those found in South America. It was likely a forager, indicated by his teeth omnivorous teeth, surviving on fruits, nuts, and berries, as well as other sorts of more succulent vegetation in the area.
Pliohippus was a long legged herbivore, similar in size and appearance to modern horses. This animal was the first true one toed horse, or odd-toed ungulate (perissodactyls). This trait is common in animals that live in open steppe/prairie environments, because there are fewer obstacles. Having multiple toes helps animals dodge rocks and other debris, while having just one toe give animals a speed advantage. Pliohippus would not have been easy prey for slower predators, as they were both fast runners and dangerous, strong kickers.
Amebelodon was similar in size to a modern elephant, but had four tusks. Gomphotheres, nick named “shovel-tusked”, would have used these protrusions for protection or to remove low hanging vegetation from trees. Most modern artistic renditions portray the Amebelodon as having a trunk (or proboscis), used for grabbing vegetation and selectively browsing on leaves or branches.
Hemiauchenia vera was a long-necked, intermediate feeder with a browsing preference. It looked similar to a modern llama, but is more closely related to camels. H. vera had only two was of defending itself from predators; staying with the heard or spitting, much like its camels and llamas relatives.
It is thought that Machairodus lived in this time, although there are only fragments of its existence in the fossil record. This saber toothed feline would have been an ambush hunter, as its legs were too short for a sustained chase with something like Pliohippus. Machairodus had smaller saber teeth than some of its relatives, which fit in its mouth more conformably while still being long and effective for its ambush hunting style.
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