Plants found at John Day Fossil Beds


GRASSES
Monument Unit
S=Sheep Rock
P=Painted Hills
C=Clarno
Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertn Crested wheatgrass Non-native S
Agropyron elongatum Host. Tall wheatgrass Non-native P
Agropyron caninum var. latiglume (Scribn. & Smith) Hitchc. Slender wheatgrass Native S
Agropyron spicatum (Pursh) Scribn. & Smith Bluebunch wheatgrass Native
C, P, S
Arrhenatherum elatius (L.) Presl. Tall oatgrass Non-native S
Bromus brizaeformis Fisch. & Mey Rattlesnake grass Non-native C, P, S
Bromus commutatus Schrad. Hairy brome Non-native S
Bromus mollis L. Softchess Non-native S
Bromus rubens L. Foxtail brome Non-native P
Bromus tectorum L. Cheatgrass Non-native C, P, S
Dactylis glomerata L. Orchardgrass Non-native S
Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb. Saltgrass Native S
Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv. Barnyardgrass Non-native S
Elymus cinereus Scribn. & Merr. Giant wildrye Native C, P, S
Festuca idahoensis Elmer. Idaho fescue Native C, S
Festuca microstachys Nutt. Nuttall's fescue Native C, P, S
Heleochloa alopecuroides Host. Helechloa Non-native S
Hordeum leporinum Link. Charming barley Non-native C, P ,S
Koeleria cristata Pers. Junegrass Native S
Muhlenbergia asperifolia Parodi Rough-leaved dropseed Native S
Oryzopsis hymenoides (R. & S.) Richer Indian rice grass Native C, S
Panicum capillare L. Witchgrass Non-native S
Phalaris arundinacea L. Reed canarygrass Non-native S
Poa bulbosa L. Bulbous bluegrass Non-native C, P, S
Poa pratensis L. Kentucky bluegrass Non-native S
Poa sandbergii Vasey Sandberg's bluegrass Native C, P, S
Poa sp. Bluegrass S
Polypogon monospeliensis (L.) Desf. Rabbitfoot grass Non-native P, S
Puccinellia lemmonii (Vasey) Scribn. Alkaligrass Native P
Setaria lutescens (Weigel) Hubb. Yellow bristlegrass Non-native S
Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) Smith Bottlebrush squirreltail Native C, P, S
Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) Gray Sand dropseed Native C, P, S
Stipa comata Trin. & Rupr. Needle and threadgrass Native C, S
Stipa thurberiana Piper Thurber's needlegrass Native C, S
GRASSLIKES
Carex eurycarpa Holm Wide-fruit sedge Native S
Carex stipata Muhl. Sawbeak sedge Native S
Cyperus aristatus Rottb. Flatsedge Native S
Eleocharis palustris (L.) R. & S. Creeping spike-rush Native S
Juncus balticus Willd. Baltic rush Native S
Juncus bufonius L. Toadrush Native S
Scirpus validus Vahl. American great bulrush Native S
Typha latifolia L. Common cattail Native
LILLIES
Allium tolmiei Baker Tolmie's onion Native P
Calochortus macrocarpus Dougl. Mariposa lilly Native C, P, S
Fritillaria pudica (L.) R. & S. Yellow-bell Native C, P, S

DICOTS

TREES
Alnus rhombifolia Nutt. White alder Native S
Celtis reticulata Net-leaf hackberry Native C, S
Cercocarpus ledifolius Nutt. Curl-leaf mahogany Native S
Crataegus columbiana Howell Columbia hawthorne Native S
Elaeagnus angustifolia L. Russian olive Non-native P
Juniperus occidentalis Hook. Western juniper Native C, P, S
Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ponderosa pine Native S
Populus trichocarpa T. & G. Black cottonwood Native S
Prunus virginiana L. Chokecherry Native C, S
Salix species L. Willow Native
Sambucus cerulea Raf. Blue elderberry Native S
Ulmus pumila L. Asiatic elm Non-native P, S
SHRUBS
Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt. Western serviceberry Native P
Artemisia arbuscula Nutt. Low sage Native S
Artemisia rigida (Nutt.) Gray Scabland sage Native P
Artemisia tridentata Nutt. Big sagebrush Native C, P, S
Atriplex confertifolia (Torn & Frem.) Wats. Shadscale Native C, P, S
Atriplex spinosa (Hook.) Collotzi Spiny hopsage Native S
Cornus stolonifera Michx. Red-osier dogwood Native S
Eriogonum microthecum Nutt. Slenderbush buckwheat Native C, S
Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britt. & Rusby Snakeweed Native C, P, S
Leptodactylon pungens (Toor) Nutt. Prickly phlox Native S
Philadelphus lewisii Pursh Syringa Native C, S
Purshia tridentata (Pursh) D.C. Bitterbrush Native S
Ribes aureum Pursh Golden currant Native P
Ribes cereum Dougl. Wax currant Native C, P, S
Ribes cognatum Greene Umatilla gooseberry Native C, S
Rosa woodsii Lindl. Wood's rose Native S
Salvia dorrii (Kell.) Abrams Purple sage Native C, S
Sarcobatus vermiculatus (Hook.) Torr. Greasewood Native P, S
Tetradymia canescens D. C. Gray horse-brush Native C, P, S
PERENNIAL / BIENNIAL FORBS
Achillea millefolium L. Western yarrow Native C, P, S
Antennaria dimorpha (Nutt.) T. & G. Low pussytoes Native C, P, S
Apocynum cannabinum L. Indian hemp Native S
Arctium minus (Hill) Bernh. Burdock Non-native S
Artemisia ludoviciciana Nutt. Herbaceous sage Native S
Asclepias speciosa Torr. Showy milkweed Native S
Astragalus filipes Torr. Threadstalk milkvetch Native C, P, S
Astragalus misellus Wats Pauper milkvetch Native P
Astragalus purshii Dougl. Woolypod milkvetch Native C, P, S
Bidens cernua L. Beggars-ticks Native S
Cardaria draba Hoary cress (white top) Non-native P, S
Castilleja applegatei var. fragilis N. Holmgr. Wavy-leaved paintbrush Native S
Castilleja xanthotricha Pennell Yellow-hairy Indian paintbrush Native C, P
Centaurea diffusa Diffuse knapweed Non-native
Centaurea maculosa Spotted knapweed Non-native
Centaurea repens Russian knapweed Non-native
Centaurea repens L. Russian star-thistle Non-native P
Chaenactis douglasii H. & A. Hoary chaenactis Native S
Chaenactis nevii Gray John Day chaenactis Native P
Chrysopsis oregona (Nutt.) Gray Oregon goldaster Native C
Cichorium intybus L. Chicory Non-native P, S
Cirsium arvense Canada thistle Non-native
Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng. Wavy-leaved thistle Native C
Cirsium vulgare (Sav.) Tenore Bull thistle Non-native C, S
Clematis ligusticifolius Nutt. Western clematis Native C, S
Convolvulus arvensis L. Field bindweed Non-native S
Crepis atrabarba Heller. Slender hawksbeard Native S
Crepis intermedia Gray Gray hawksbeard Native C
Crepis occidentalis Nutt. Western hawksbeard Native P
Cryptantha celosoides (Eastw.) Pays Cockscomb cryptantha Native P, S
Dipsacus sylvestris Huds. Teasel Non-native C, P, S
Epilobium watsonii Barbey Watson's willow-herb Native S
Erigeron filifolius Nutt. Thread-leaf fleabane Native C, S
Erigeron linearis (Hook) Piper Line-leaf fleabane Native C, P, S
Erigeron philadelphicus L. Philadelphia fleabane Non-native S
Erigeron pumilus Nutt. Shaggy fleabane Native S
Eriogonum compositum Dougl. Northern buckwheat Native C
Eriogonum sphaerocephalum Dougl. Rock buckwheat Native C, P, S
Eriogonum strictum Benth Strict buckwheat Native
Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) Forbes. Wooly sunflower Native C, P, S
Erysimum asperum (Nutt.) D.C. Prairie rocket Native S, P
Galium multiflorum Kell. Shrubby bedstraw Native S
Grindelia nana Nutt. Low gumweed Native C, P, S
Helianthus nuttallii T. & G. Nuttal's sunflower Native C, P, S
Heracleum lanatum Cow parsnip Native
Heuchera cylindrica Dougl. Roundleaf alumroot Native C, S
Lactuca serriola L. Prickly lettuce Non-native C, P, S
Lesquerella occidentalis Wats. Western bladderpod Native C, P, S
Lewisia rediviva Pursh Bitterroot Native P, S
Linaria genistifolia Dalmatian toadflax Non-native
Lithophragma bulbifera Rydb. Prairie star Native C, P, S
Lithospermum ruderale Dougl. Stone seed Native S
Lomatium grayi Coult. & Rose Desert parsley Native S
Lomatium hendersonii Coult. & Rose Henderson's lomatium Native P
Lomatium macrocarpum (Nutt.) Coult. & Rose Large-fruit lomatium Native C, P, S
Lomatium triternatum (Pursh) Coult. & Rose Nine-leaf lomatium Native C
Machaeranthera canescens (Pursh) Gray hoary aster Native C
Malva neglecta Wallr. Cheeseweed Non-native C, P, S
Marrubium vulgare L. Horehound Non-native C, S
Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa Non-native S
Mentha spicata L. Spearmint Non-native P, S
Mentzelia laevicaulis (Dougl.) T. & G. Blazing star Native C, P, S
Microseris troximoides Gray False agoseris Native C, P, S
Mimulus guttatus D.C. Common yellow monkey-flower Native S
Nicotiana attenuata Torr. Coyote tobacco Native C
Oenothera caespitosa Nutt. Desert evening primrose Native C
Oenothera tanacetifolia T. & G. Tansy-leaf evening primose Native S
Onopordum acanthium Scotch thistle Non-native
Orobanche fasciculata Nutt. Clustered broomrape Native S
Penstemon deustus Dougl. Hot-rock penstemon Native C
Penstemon erianthus var. argillosus M.E. Jones Crested tongue penstemon Native C, S
Penstemon richardsonii Dougl. Richardson's penstemon Native C, P, S
Petalostemon ornatum Dougl. Praire-clover Native C, P, S
Phacelia hastata Dougl. Silverleaf phacelia Native C, P, S
Phacelia ramosissima Dougl. Branched phacelia Native C
Phlox muscoides Nutt. Moss phlox Native S
Phlox viscida E. Nels Sticky phlox Native C
Plantago lanceolata L. Buckhorn plantain Non-native S
Potentilla glandulosa var. campanulata Hitch. Gland cinquefoil Native P, S
Ranunculus aquatilis L. Water buttercup Native S
Ranunculus glaberrimus Hook Sagebrush buttercup Native C, P, S
Ranunculus sceleratus L. Celery-leaved buttercup Native P
Rhus radicans L. Poison-ivy Native S
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Schinz & Thell. Watercress Non-native C, P, S
Rumex crispus L. Curly dock Non-native S
Salvia aethiopis Mediterranean sage Non-native
Saponaria officinalis L. Bouncing bett Non-native S
Scutellaria angustifolia Pursh Skullcap Native C, P, S
Sedum lanceolatum Torr. Lanceleaved sedum Native C, P, S
Senecio canus Hook. Wooly groundsel Native S
Senecio serra Hook. Butterweed groundsel Native S
Solanum dulcamara L. Nightshade Non-native S
Solidago canadensis L. Canada goldenrod Native S
Sphaeralcea munroana (Dougl.) Spach Globe-mallow Native C, P, S
Stephanomeria tenuifolia (Torr.) Hall Wire lettuce Native C, S
Thelypodium laciniatum (Hook) Endl. Thickleaved thelypody Native C, S
Tragopogon dubius Scop. Yellow salisfy Non-native C, P, S
Trifolium pratense L. Red clover Non-native S
Trifolium repens L. White clover Non-native S
Urtica dioica L. Stinging nettle Non-native P, S
Verbascum thapsus L. Flannel mullein Non-native C, P, S
Xanthium strumarium L. Cocklebur Non-native C, P, S
ANNUAL FORBES
Agoseris heterophylla (Nutt.) Greene Annual agoseris Native P
Alyssum alyssoides L. Pale alyssum Non-native C, P, S
Amaranthus graecizans L. Pigweed Non-native C, S
Amsinckia tessellata Gray Fiddleneck Non-native C, P, S
Anthemis cotula L. Dogfennel Non-native S
Anthriscus scandicina (Weber) Mansfeld Chervil Non-native S
Asperugo procumbens L. Madwort Non-native S
Astragalus diaphanus Dougl. John Day milkvetch Native S
Bassia hyssopifolia (Pall.) Kuntze Bassia Non-native S
Blepharipappus scaber Hook Blepharipappus Native C, P, S
Camelina microcarpa Andrz Littlepod falseflax Non-native P
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic. Shepard's-purse Non-native S
Centaurea solstitials Yellow star thistle Non-native
Cerastium viscosum L. Sticky chickweed Non-native
Chenopodium album L. Lambsquarters Non-native C, P, S
Chenopodium botrys L. Jerusalem-oak Non-native S
Chorispora tenella (Pall.) D.C. Blue mustard Non-native C, P, S
Clarkia pulchella Pursh Elkhorn clarkia Native C, P, S
Collomia grandiflora Dougl. Large flowered collomia Native P, S
Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronq. Horseweed Non-native S
Cleome platycarpa Torr. Golden cleome Native C, P
Crocidium multicaule Hook Spring gold Native C, P, S
Cryptantha pterocarya (Torr.) Greene Winged cryptantha Native C, P, S
Descurainia pinnata (Walt.) Br. H. Tansymustard Native C, P, S
Descurainia richardsonii (Sweet) Schulz Mt. tansymustard Native C, P, S
Draba verna L. Whitlow-grass Native C., P, S
Epilobium minutum Lindl. Small-flowered willow-herb Native C, P, S
Eriogonum vimineum Dougl. Broom buckwheat Native C, P, S
Erodium cicutarium L. L'her Filaree Non-native C, P, S
Euphorbia serpyllifolia Pers. Thyme-leaf purge Non-native C, P, S
Galium aparine L. Bedstraw Native S
Helianthus annuus L. Sunflower Native C, P
Holosteum umbellatum L. Jagged chickweed Non-native C, P, S
Kochia scoparia Kochia Non-native
Lagophylla ramosissima Nutt. Slender rabbitleaf Native C, P, S
Layia glandulosa (Hook.) H. & A. Layia Native S
Lepidium perfoliatum (Donn.) Howell Non-native
Madia gracilis (Smith) Keck Common tarweed Native P, S
Medicago lupulina L. Hop clover Non-native S
Melilotus alba Desr. Sweet clover Non-native C, P, S
Mentzelia albicaulis Dougl. Small-flowered blazing star Native C, P, S
Mimulus cusickii (Greene) Piper Cusick's monkeyflower Native C, P
Mimulus floribundus Lindl. Purple-stem monkeyflower Native S
Mimulus nanus H. & A. Dwarf purple monkeyflower Native S
Montia perfoliata (Donn) Howell Miner's lettuce Native S
Phacelia linearis (Pursh) Holz. Thread-leaf phacelia Native C, P, S
Phacelia lutea J. T. Howell Yellow phacelia Native P
Plectritis macrocera T. & G. White plectritis Native C, P, S
Polygonum hydropiper L. Smartweed Native S
Polemonium micranthum Benth. Annual polemonium Native C, P, S
Portulaca oleracea L. Purslane Non-native S
Ranunculus testiculatus Crantz Horned buttercup Non-native C, P, S
Salsola kali L. Russian thistle Non-native C, P, S
Sisymbrium altissimum L. Jim-Hill tumblemustard Non-native C, P, S
Tribulus terrestris L. Puncture-vine Non-native C, P, S
Valerianella locusta (L.) Betcke European corn-salad Non-native S
Veronica anagallis-aquatica L. Water speedwell Native S
Veronica peregrina L. Purslane speedwell Native S
Vicia Villosa Hairy vetch Non-native
CACTI
Opuntia polycantha Haw Prickly-pear cactus Native P
Pediocactus simpsonii (Engelm.) Britt & Brown Barrel cactus Native P, S

CRYPTOGRAMS

MOSS
Tortula ruralis Hedw. Desert moss Native C, P, S
FERN
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. Brittle bladder fern Native C, P, S
HORSETAIL
Equisetum hyemale L. Common horsetail Native S
Equisetum pratense Ehrb. Shady horsetail Native S
Equisetum variegatum Schleich Variegated horsetail Native S, P


The columns in each table represent the Scientific Name, Common Name, identifies if the plant is Native or Non-native to the park, and the monument unit(s) the plant is found in. Plant names used follow Steward et al., 1963; Hitchock and Cronquist, 1973; and Garrison et al., 1976.


Last updated: February 28, 2015

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