List of mammals found at John Day Fossil Beds

Class Mammalia
Order Insectivora
Family Sorcidae [Shrews]
Sorex vagrans – Vagrant Shrew
Habitat: Prefers damp areas, such as marshes, wet meadows,
ditch bottoms and sides. Rare in upper parts of mountains,
more of a lowland species.
Sorex monticolus – Dusky Shrew
Habitat: Wet places along streams and in marshy, boggy areas
in mountains, also in rockslides and outcroppings.
Sorex merriami – Merriam’s Shrew
Habitat: Sagebrush and grasslands, particularly sage grass and
undisturbed bunchgrass types.
Sorex palustris – Northern Water Shrew
Habitat: In and along mountain and foothill streams and beaver
ponds.
Sorex cinereus – Preble’s Shrew
Habitat: Brush and willow growth around springs, bogs,
marshes and along streams. Often in open coniferous timber.
Family Talpidae [Moles]
Scapanus orarius – Coast Mole
Habitat: Prefers drier, brushier and more timbered areas.


Order Chiroptera
Family Vespertilionidae [Evening Bats]
Euderma maculatum-Spotted Bat
Habitat: These bats are found in high land ponderosa pine regions in early summer. They descend to lower-elevation deserts in august. ( From: Mammals of Washington and Oregon, Lone Pine Press )
Myotis lucifugus – Little Brown Bat
Habitat: Found in a variety of places, most commonly seen near water and may roost in caves.
Myotis yamanensisYuma Brown Bat
Habitat: Always near ponds, streams and lakes. By day
under sidings or shingles, night roosts in caves.
Myotis evotisLong-eared Brown Bat
Habitat: Mostly forested and wooded areas in lowlands
and mountains.
Myotis volans – Long-legged Brown Bat
Habitat: Trees, crevices and buildings, particularly in
forested and wooded areas.
Myotis californicusCalifornia Brown Bat
Habitat: Variety of wooded or forested areas, mostly near
water.
Myotis leibii – Small-footed Brown Bat
Habitat: Open, arid, and desert type areas. Roosts in rocky
crevices, caves, mines and old buildings. Forages commonly
over water.
Lasionycteris Noctivagans – Silver-haired Bat
Habitat: Forested areas at all elevations, preferring clearings,
open waterways and lakes.
Pipistrellus hesperus – Western Pipistrelle
Habitat: River canyons in the desert areas.
Eptesicus fuscusBig Brown Bat
Habitat: Forested areas near water, farmsteads and urban
areas in and near towns.
Lasiurus cinereus – Hoary Bat
Habitat: Openings in forests, as well as wooded residential
areas in cities and towns. Often begins flying in late afternoon.
Piecotus townsendii – Townsend’s Big-eared Bat
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of places, particularly those with
caves, abandoned mine shafts, old buildings and crevices in
cliffs.
Antrozous pallidus – Pallid Bat
Habitat: River canyons in semi-arid and desert regions. Roosts
in caves, old buildings and cliff crevices.


Order Lagomorpha
Family Ochotonidae [Pikas, Rabbits and Hares]
Ochotona princepsCommon Pika
Habitat: Talus slopes and rocky outcrops in the mountains and
certain lava bed areas.
Family Leporidae
Sylvilagus idahoensis – Pygmy Rabbit
Habitat: Tall, dense sagebrush or greasewood.
Sylvilagus nutallii – Nuttall’s Cottontail
Habitat: Sagebrush, dry gullies, canyons weed and tall grass
patches, brushy thickets and orchards. Mostly at low
elevations.
Lepus americanus – Snowshoe Hare
Habitat: Forested areas, woodland swamps and brush patches.
Lepus townsendii - White-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat:Grasslands and higher grassy sagebrush of the foothills
and lower mountains.
Lepus californicus – Black-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat: Sagebrush, lower foothill grasslands and adjacent hay
fields. Populations have become greatly reduced.


Order Rodentia
Family Scuiridae [Squirrels]
Eutamius minimus – Least Chipmunk
Habitat: Sagebrush areas and lodgepole pine.
Eutamius amoenus – Yellow Pine Chipmunk
Habitat: Open to semi-open coniferous forests, clearings,
large brushy areas, and rocky places from lowlands to high
mountains.
Marmota Flaviventris – Yellow-bellied Marmot
Habitat: Talus slides, outcroppingss, rimrock, old log piles,
under old buildings, and in burrows in cut banks.
Spermophilus townsendii – Townsend’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Mixed sagegrass areas expecially where small patches
of grass occur in the sagebrush. Colonies often located on
hillsides. Prefers hotter, drier areas.
Spermophilus beldingi – Belding’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Meadows and open juniper slopes, sparse timber, and brush.
Spermophilus lateralis – Golden Mantled Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Open coniferous forest, clearings, and rocky
outcroppings. Particularly familiar in campgrounds and picnic areas.
Tamiascurus douglasii – Douglas Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Spermophilus washintoni – Washington Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands either extensive or scattered throughout
sagebrush, as well as roadside ditches and edges of grain fields.
Spermophilus columbianus – Columbian Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands, meadows, and grain fields.
Tamiascurus hudsonicus – Red Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Glaucomys sabrinus – Northern Flying Squirrel
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, frequenting and most
common in the denser portions where the thick canopy lessens
the penetration of light.
Family Geomyidae [Pocket Gophers]
Thomomys talpoides – Northern Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Open to semi-open areas particularly meadow,
grasslands and pastures where soft soil is present for
burrowing.
Thomomys townsendii – Townsend’s Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Moist river valleys and irrigated regions. Frequents
sides of ditches and irrigation canals. Found in very restricted
areas.
Family Heteromyidae [Pocket Mice]
Perognathus parvusGreat Basin Pocket Mouse
Habitat: Sagebrush, bitterbrush, and rabbitbrush areas
as well as grassy places and nearby grain fields.
Dipodomys ordii – Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Habitat: Open sandy or soft soil areas with sparse cover of
vegetation, such as sagebrush, forbs or grasses.
Family Castoridae [Beaver]
Castor canadensis – Beaver
Habitat: Semi-aquatic, restricting itself closely to streams and
standing water such as ponds and small lakes.
Family Criceditae [New World Rats and Mice]
Reithrodontomys megalotus – Western Harvest Mouse
Habitat: Dense grass in dry, open, semi-desert areas.
Peromyscus crinitus – Canyon Mouse
Habitat: Rocky slides and crevices in cliffs in hot, dry
canyons in open, desert country.
Peromyscus maniculatus – Deer Mouse
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, can also be found in grain
fields, weedy fence rows and ditches, sagebrush and slide rock.
Onychomys leucogaster – Northern Grasshopper Mouse
Habitat: Mostly restricted to sagebrush.
Neptoma cinerea – Bushy-tailed Woodrat
Habitat: Prefers slide rock, cliff and canyon areas, caves, mines
and old abandoned buildings. Found both in foresed and open
desert regions.
Microtus longicaudus – Long-tailed Meadow Mouse
Habitat: Isolated, moist, grassy areas along streams or ditches,
sagebrush plains and bunchgrass prairies.
Peromyscus truci – Pinyon Mouse
Habitat: Open forest areas, juniper, brush and rocky areas.
Lagarus curtatus – Sagebrush Vole
Habitat: Grassy sagebrush and bunchgrass. Could use
hollowed out cow chips for shelter.
Phenacomys intermedius – Heather Vole
Habitat: Found in a wide range of habitats, though prefers
open, forest vegetation in drier sites near water.
Arvicola richardsoni – Water Vole
Habitat: Restricted to stream banks, moist meadows, and lake
shores in forested mountain areas.
Microtus montanus – Montane Vole
Habitat: Moist, weedy, or brushy areas near water at edge of
grasslands.
Ondatra zibethicus – Muskrat
Habitat: Marshes, swamps, streams, rivers, and lakes mostly
in the lowlands.
Family Zapodidae [Jumping Mice]
Zapus princeps – Western Jumping Mouse
Habitat: Wet meadows, bogs, streamside brush, and grassy
places near water and forested areas.
Family Muridae [Old World Rats and Mice]
Mus musculus – House Mouse
Habitat: Widespread distribution wherever man exists.
Family Erethizontidae [Porcupines]
Erethizon dorsatum – Porcupine
Habitat: Mostly restricted to coniferous forests, especially
the more open stands. May occur in deciduous woods and
occasionally away from timber in sagebrush.


Order Carnivora
Family Canidae [Wolves, Foxes and Coyote]
Canis latransCoyote
Habitat: Most numerous in open prairies or desert type
environments. Less common but present in denser forest
areas.
Canis lupus – Gray Wolf
Habitat: May occur in all types of natural, terrestrial habitat.
Numbers are greatly reduced and is extremely rare.
Vulpes vulpes – Red Fox
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though preferring
semi-open terrain of foothills and mountains.
Urocyon cinereoargenteus – Gray Fox
Habitat: Open timber, brush, rocks and cliffs.
Family Ursidae [Bears]
Ursus americanus – Black Bear
Habitat: Prefers forested or wooded habitats, as well as
swamps. Commonly visit open berry patches in burned or
subalpine areas when the fruit is ripe.
Family Procynoidae [Raccoons]
Procyon lotor – Raccoon
Habitat: Brushy or wooded areas near water at low elevations.
Family Mustelidae [Weasels, Skunks, Badgers and Otters]
Martes americanaMarten
Habitat: Occurs very rarely in the coniferous forests, mostly of
mountains where they frequent the ridges and subalpine woods.
Martes pennati – Fisher
Habitat: Occurs scatteringly and through undisturbed forest
areas at low to intermediate elevations.
Mustela erminea – Short-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though usually stays
close to stream bottoms, rock slides, fence rows, and brush
near water.
Mustela frenata – Long-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Found in a variety of habitats but prefers drier
uplands of grass, forest and rock at all elevations.
Mustela vison – Mink
Habitat: Occurs mostly near water where the diet of
muskrats, fish, frogs and other aquatic animals are
available.
Taxidea taxus – Badger
Habitat: Occurs in open to semi-open country, such as sage-
brush and grassland plains.
Spilogale putorius – Spotted Skunk
Habitat: Prefers brush, canyons, farmlands and farm buildings.
Mephitus mephitus – Striped Skunk
Habitat: Found commonly all throughout range, prefers
marshes, farming land, and riparian growth alongs streams
in dry country.
Lutra canadensis – River Otter
Habitat: Prefers lakes shores, rivers, and larger streams. Rare
in occurance.
Gulo gulo – Wolverine
Habitat: Great wanderer, most likely to be seen in coniferous
timbered areas especially in mountains.
Family Felidae [Cats]
Felis concolor – Cougar
Habitat: Prefers mountain forests and semi-wooded canyon
areas where deer are available. Greatly reduced in numbers.
Felis lynx – Lynx
Habitat: Dense coniferous forests. Extremely rare and reduced
in numbers.
Felis rufus – Bobcat
Habitat: Common in broken, rocky areas and logged over
forest land.


Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae [Deer and Elk]
Cervus elaphus – Elk
Habitat: Found mostly in mountain or foothill areas, preferring
the semi-open forests.
Odocoileus hemionus – Mule Deer
Habitat: Rocky, brushy areas and open meadows. Occasionally
found in scattered coniferous groves in open desert country.
Odocoileus virginianus – White-tailed Deer
Habitat: Dense forests, deciduous woods and extensive brushy
places at low to intermediate elevations mostly near water.
Family Antilocapridae [Pronghorn]
Antilocapra americana – Pronghorn Antelope
Habitat: Prefers open sage and grassland plains.
Family Bovidae [Bison, Goats, Muskox and Sheep]
Ovis canadensis – Big Horn Sheep
Habitat: Restricted to open meadows and grassy slopes near cliffs
and rocky ridges in the mountains.


Sorex monticolus – Dusky Shrew
Habitat: Wet places along streams and in marshy, boggy areas
in mountains, also in rockslides and outcroppings.
Sorex merriami – Merriam’s Shrew
Habitat: Sagebrush and grasslands, particularly sage grass and
undisturbed bunchgrass types.
Sorex palustris – Northern Water Shrew
Habitat: In and along mountain and foothill streams and beaver
ponds.
Sorex cinereus – Preble’s Shrew
Habitat: Brush and willow growth around springs, bogs,
marshes and along streams. Often in open coniferous timber.
Family Talpidae [Moles]
Scapanus orarius – Coast Mole
Habitat: Prefers drier, brushier and more timbered areas.
Order Chiroptera
Family Vespertilionidae [Evening Bats]
Euderma maculatum-Spotted Bat
Habitat: These bats are found in high land ponderosa pine regions in early summer. They descend to lower-elevation deserts in august. ( From: Mammals of Washington and Oregon, Lone Pine Press )
Myotis lucifugus – Little Brown Bat
Habitat: Found in a variety of places, most commonly seen near water and may roost in caves.
Myotis yamanensisYuma Brown Bat
Habitat: Always near ponds, streams and lakes. By day
under sidings or shingles, night roosts in caves.
Myotis evotisLong-eared Brown Bat
Habitat: Mostly forested and wooded areas in lowlands
and mountains.
Myotis volans – Long-legged Brown Bat
Habitat: Trees, crevices and buildings, particularly in
forested and wooded areas.
Myotis californicusCalifornia Brown Bat
Habitat: Variety of wooded or forested areas, mostly near
water.
Myotis leibii – Small-footed Brown Bat
Habitat: Open, arid, and desert type areas. Roosts in rocky
crevices, caves, mines and old buildings. Forages commonly
over water.
Lasionycteris Noctivagans – Silver-haired Bat
Habitat: Forested areas at all elevations, preferring clearings,
open waterways and lakes.
Pipistrellus hesperus – Western Pipistrelle
Habitat: River canyons in the desert areas.
Eptesicus fuscusBig Brown Bat
Habitat: Forested areas near water, farmsteads and urban
areas in and near towns.
Lasiurus cinereus – Hoary Bat
Habitat: Openings in forests, as well as wooded residential
areas in cities and towns. Often begins flying in late afternoon.
Piecotus townsendii – Townsend’s Big-eared Bat
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of places, particularly those with
caves, abandoned mine shafts, old buildings and crevices in
cliffs.
Antrozous pallidus – Pallid Bat
Habitat: River canyons in semi-arid and desert regions. Roosts
in caves, old buildings and cliff crevices.
Order Lagomorpha
Family Ochotonidae [Pikas, Rabbits and Hares]
Ochotona princepsCommon Pika
Habitat: Talus slopes and rocky outcrops in the mountains and
certain lava bed areas.
Family Leporidae
Sylvilagus idahoensis – Pygmy Rabbit
Habitat: Tall, dense sagebrush or greasewood.
Sylvilagus nutallii – Nuttall’s Cottontail
Habitat: Sagebrush, dry gullies, canyons weed and tall grass
patches, brushy thickets and orchards. Mostly at low
elevations.
Lepus americanus – Snowshoe Hare
Habitat: Forested areas, woodland swamps and brush patches.
Lepus townsendii - White-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat:Grasslands and higher grassy sagebrush of the foothills
and lower mountains.
Lepus californicus – Black-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat: Sagebrush, lower foothill grasslands and adjacent hay
fields. Populations have become greatly reduced.
Order Rodentia
Family Scuiridae [Squirrels]
Eutamius minimus – Least Chipmunk
Habitat: Sagebrush areas and lodgepole pine.
Eutamius amoenus – Yellow Pine Chipmunk
Habitat: Open to semi-open coniferous forests, clearings,
large brushy areas, and rocky places from lowlands to high
mountains.
Marmota Flaviventris – Yellow-bellied Marmot
Habitat: Talus slides, outcroppingss, rimrock, old log piles,
under old buildings, and in burrows in cut banks.
Spermophilus townsendii – Townsend’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Mixed sagegrass areas expecially where small patches
of grass occur in the sagebrush. Colonies often located on
hillsides. Prefers hotter, drier areas.
Spermophilus beldingi – Belding’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Meadows and open juniper slopes, sparse timber, and brush.
Spermophilus lateralis – Golden Mantled Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Open coniferous forest, clearings, and rocky
outcroppings. Particularly familiar in campgrounds and picnic areas.
Tamiascurus douglasii – Douglas Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Spermophilus washintoni – Washington Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands either extensive or scattered throughout
sagebrush, as well as roadside ditches and edges of grain fields.
Spermophilus columbianus – Columbian Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands, meadows, and grain fields.
Tamiascurus hudsonicus – Red Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Glaucomys sabrinus – Northern Flying Squirrel
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, frequenting and most
common in the denser portions where the thick canopy lessens
the penetration of light.
Family Geomyidae [Pocket Gophers]
Thomomys talpoides – Northern Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Open to semi-open areas particularly meadow,
grasslands and pastures where soft soil is present for
burrowing.
Thomomys townsendii – Townsend’s Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Moist river valleys and irrigated regions. Frequents
sides of ditches and irrigation canals. Found in very restricted
areas.
Family Heteromyidae [Pocket Mice]
Perognathus parvusGreat Basin Pocket Mouse
Habitat: Sagebrush, bitterbrush, and rabbitbrush areas
as well as grassy places and nearby grain fields.
Dipodomys ordii – Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Habitat: Open sandy or soft soil areas with sparse cover of
vegetation, such as sagebrush, forbs or grasses.
Family Castoridae [Beaver]
Castor canadensis – Beaver
Habitat: Semi-aquatic, restricting itself closely to streams and
standing water such as ponds and small lakes.
Family Criceditae [New World Rats and Mice]
Reithrodontomys megalotus – Western Harvest Mouse
Habitat: Dense grass in dry, open, semi-desert areas.
Peromyscus crinitus – Canyon Mouse
Habitat: Rocky slides and crevices in cliffs in hot, dry
canyons in open, desert country.
Peromyscus maniculatus – Deer Mouse
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, can also be found in grain
fields, weedy fence rows and ditches, sagebrush and slide rock.
Onychomys leucogaster – Northern Grasshopper Mouse
Habitat: Mostly restricted to sagebrush.
Neptoma cinerea – Bushy-tailed Woodrat
Habitat: Prefers slide rock, cliff and canyon areas, caves, mines
and old abandoned buildings. Found both in foresed and open
desert regions.
Microtus longicaudus – Long-tailed Meadow Mouse
Habitat: Isolated, moist, grassy areas along streams or ditches,
sagebrush plains and bunchgrass prairies.
Peromyscus truci – Pinyon Mouse
Habitat: Open forest areas, juniper, brush and rocky areas.
Lagarus curtatus – Sagebrush Vole
Habitat: Grassy sagebrush and bunchgrass. Could use
hollowed out cow chips for shelter.
Phenacomys intermedius – Heather Vole
Habitat: Found in a wide range of habitats, though prefers
open, forest vegetation in drier sites near water.
Arvicola richardsoni – Water Vole
Habitat: Restricted to stream banks, moist meadows, and lake
shores in forested mountain areas.
Microtus montanus – Montane Vole
Habitat: Moist, weedy, or brushy areas near water at edge of
grasslands.
Ondatra zibethicus – Muskrat
Habitat: Marshes, swamps, streams, rivers, and lakes mostly
in the lowlands.
Family Zapodidae [Jumping Mice]
Zapus princeps – Western Jumping Mouse
Habitat: Wet meadows, bogs, streamside brush, and grassy
places near water and forested areas.
Family Muridae [Old World Rats and Mice]
Mus musculus – House Mouse
Habitat: Widespread distribution wherever man exists.
Family Erethizontidae [Porcupines]
Erethizon dorsatum – Porcupine
Habitat: Mostly restricted to coniferous forests, especially
the more open stands. May occur in deciduous woods and
occasionally away from timber in sagebrush.
Order Carnivora
Family Canidae [Wolves, Foxes and Coyote]
Canis latransCoyote
Habitat: Most numerous in open prairies or desert type
environments. Less common but present in denser forest
areas.
Canis lupus – Gray Wolf
Habitat: May occur in all types of natural, terrestrial habitat.
Numbers are greatly reduced and is extremely rare.
Vulpes vulpes – Red Fox
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though preferring
semi-open terrain of foothills and mountains.
Urocyon cinereoargenteus – Gray Fox
Habitat: Open timber, brush, rocks and cliffs.
Family Ursidae [Bears]
Ursus americanus – Black Bear
Habitat: Prefers forested or wooded habitats, as well as
swamps. Commonly visit open berry patches in burned or
subalpine areas when the fruit is ripe.
Family Procynoidae [Raccoons]
Procyon lotor – Raccoon
Habitat: Brushy or wooded areas near water at low elevations.
Family Mustelidae [Weasels, Skunks, Badgers and Otters]
Martes americanaMarten
Habitat: Occurs very rarely in the coniferous forests, mostly of
mountains where they frequent the ridges and subalpine woods.
Martes pennati – Fisher
Habitat: Occurs scatteringly and through undisturbed forest
areas at low to intermediate elevations.
Mustela erminea – Short-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though usually stays
close to stream bottoms, rock slides, fence rows, and brush
near water.
Mustela frenata – Long-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Found in a variety of habitats but prefers drier
uplands of grass, forest and rock at all elevations.
Mustela vison – Mink
Habitat: Occurs mostly near water where the diet of
muskrats, fish, frogs and other aquatic animals are
available.
Taxidea taxus – Badger
Habitat: Occurs in open to semi-open country, such as sage-
brush and grassland plains.
Spilogale putorius – Spotted Skunk
Habitat: Prefers brush, canyons, farmlands and farm buildings.
Mephitus mephitus – Striped Skunk
Habitat: Found commonly all throughout range, prefers
marshes, farming land, and riparian growth alongs streams
in dry country.
Lutra canadensis – River Otter
Habitat: Prefers lakes shores, rivers, and larger streams. Rare
in occurance.
Gulo gulo – Wolverine
Habitat: Great wanderer, most likely to be seen in coniferous
timbered areas especially in mountains.
Family Felidae [Cats]
Felis concolor – Cougar
Habitat: Prefers mountain forests and semi-wooded canyon
areas where deer are available. Greatly reduced in numbers.
Felis lynx – Lynx
Habitat: Dense coniferous forests. Extremely rare and reduced
in numbers.
Felis rufus – Bobcat
Habitat: Common in broken, rocky areas and logged over
forest land.
Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae [Deer and Elk]
Cervus elaphus – Elk
Habitat: Found mostly in mountain or foothill areas, preferring
the semi-open forests.
Odocoileus hemionus – Mule Deer
Habitat: Rocky, brushy areas and open meadows. Occasionally
found in scattered coniferous groves in open desert country.
Odocoileus virginianus – White-tailed Deer
Habitat: Dense forests, deciduous woods and extensive brushy
places at low to intermediate elevations mostly near water.
Family Antilocapridae [Pronghorn]
Antilocapra americana – Pronghorn Antelope
Habitat: Prefers open sage and grassland plains.
Family Bovidae [Bison, Goats, Muskox and Sheep]
Ovis canadensis – Big Horn Sheep
Habitat: Restricted to open meadows and grassy slopes near cliffs
and rocky ridges in the mountains.
Order Insectivora
Family Sorcidae [Shrews]
Sorex vagrans – Vagrant Shrew
Habitat: Prefers damp areas, such as marshes, wet meadows,
ditch bottoms and sides. Rare in upper parts of mountains,
more of a lowland species.
Sorex monticolus – Dusky Shrew
Habitat: Wet places along streams and in marshy, boggy areas
in mountains, also in rockslides and outcroppings.
Sorex merriami – Merriam’s Shrew
Habitat: Sagebrush and grasslands, particularly sage grass and
undisturbed bunchgrass types.
Sorex palustris – Northern Water Shrew
Habitat: In and along mountain and foothill streams and beaver
ponds.
Sorex cinereus – Preble’s Shrew
Habitat: Brush and willow growth around springs, bogs,
marshes and along streams. Often in open coniferous timber.
Family Talpidae [Moles]
Scapanus orarius – Coast Mole
Habitat: Prefers drier, brushier and more timbered areas.
Order Chiroptera
Family Vespertilionidae [Evening Bats]
Euderma maculatum-Spotted Bat
Habitat: These bats are found in high land ponderosa pine regions in early summer. They descend to lower-elevation deserts in august. ( From: Mammals of Washington and Oregon, Lone Pine Press )
Myotis lucifugus – Little Brown Bat
Habitat: Found in a variety of places, most commonly seen near water and may roost in caves.
Myotis yamanensisYuma Brown Bat
Habitat: Always near ponds, streams and lakes. By day
under sidings or shingles, night roosts in caves.
Myotis evotisLong-eared Brown Bat
Habitat: Mostly forested and wooded areas in lowlands
and mountains.
Myotis volans – Long-legged Brown Bat
Habitat: Trees, crevices and buildings, particularly in
forested and wooded areas.
Myotis californicusCalifornia Brown Bat
Habitat: Variety of wooded or forested areas, mostly near
water.
Myotis leibii – Small-footed Brown Bat
Habitat: Open, arid, and desert type areas. Roosts in rocky
crevices, caves, mines and old buildings. Forages commonly
over water.
Lasionycteris Noctivagans – Silver-haired Bat
Habitat: Forested areas at all elevations, preferring clearings,
open waterways and lakes.
Pipistrellus hesperus – Western Pipistrelle
Habitat: River canyons in the desert areas.
Eptesicus fuscusBig Brown Bat
Habitat: Forested areas near water, farmsteads and urban
areas in and near towns.
Lasiurus cinereus – Hoary Bat
Habitat: Openings in forests, as well as wooded residential
areas in cities and towns. Often begins flying in late afternoon.
Piecotus townsendii – Townsend’s Big-eared Bat
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of places, particularly those with
caves, abandoned mine shafts, old buildings and crevices in
cliffs.
Antrozous pallidus – Pallid Bat
Habitat: River canyons in semi-arid and desert regions. Roosts
in caves, old buildings and cliff crevices.
Order Lagomorpha
Family Ochotonidae [Pikas, Rabbits and Hares]
Ochotona princepsCommon Pika
Habitat: Talus slopes and rocky outcrops in the mountains and
certain lava bed areas.
Family Leporidae
Sylvilagus idahoensis – Pygmy Rabbit
Habitat: Tall, dense sagebrush or greasewood.
Sylvilagus nutallii – Nuttall’s Cottontail
Habitat: Sagebrush, dry gullies, canyons weed and tall grass
patches, brushy thickets and orchards. Mostly at low
elevations.
Lepus americanus – Snowshoe Hare
Habitat: Forested areas, woodland swamps and brush patches.
Lepus townsendii - White-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat:Grasslands and higher grassy sagebrush of the foothills
and lower mountains.
Lepus californicus – Black-tailed Jack Rabbit
Habitat: Sagebrush, lower foothill grasslands and adjacent hay
fields. Populations have become greatly reduced.
Order Rodentia
Family Scuiridae [Squirrels]
Eutamius minimus – Least Chipmunk
Habitat: Sagebrush areas and lodgepole pine.
Eutamius amoenus – Yellow Pine Chipmunk
Habitat: Open to semi-open coniferous forests, clearings,
large brushy areas, and rocky places from lowlands to high
mountains.
Marmota Flaviventris – Yellow-bellied Marmot
Habitat: Talus slides, outcroppingss, rimrock, old log piles,
under old buildings, and in burrows in cut banks.
Spermophilus townsendii – Townsend’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Mixed sagegrass areas expecially where small patches
of grass occur in the sagebrush. Colonies often located on
hillsides. Prefers hotter, drier areas.
Spermophilus beldingi – Belding’s Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Meadows and open juniper slopes, sparse timber, and brush.
Spermophilus lateralis – Golden Mantled Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Open coniferous forest, clearings, and rocky
outcroppings. Particularly familiar in campgrounds and picnic areas.
Tamiascurus douglasii – Douglas Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Spermophilus washintoni – Washington Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands either extensive or scattered throughout
sagebrush, as well as roadside ditches and edges of grain fields.
Spermophilus columbianus – Columbian Ground Squirrel
Habitat: Grasslands, meadows, and grain fields.
Tamiascurus hudsonicus – Red Squirrel
Habitat: Primarily coniferous forests.
Glaucomys sabrinus – Northern Flying Squirrel
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, frequenting and most
common in the denser portions where the thick canopy lessens
the penetration of light.
Family Geomyidae [Pocket Gophers]
Thomomys talpoides – Northern Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Open to semi-open areas particularly meadow,
grasslands and pastures where soft soil is present for
burrowing.
Thomomys townsendii – Townsend’s Pocket Gopher
Habitat: Moist river valleys and irrigated regions. Frequents
sides of ditches and irrigation canals. Found in very restricted
areas.
Family Heteromyidae [Pocket Mice]
Perognathus parvusGreat Basin Pocket Mouse
Habitat: Sagebrush, bitterbrush, and rabbitbrush areas
as well as grassy places and nearby grain fields.
Dipodomys ordii – Ord’s Kangaroo Rat
Habitat: Open sandy or soft soil areas with sparse cover of
vegetation, such as sagebrush, forbs or grasses.
Family Castoridae [Beaver]
Castor canadensis – Beaver
Habitat: Semi-aquatic, restricting itself closely to streams and
standing water such as ponds and small lakes.
Family Criceditae [New World Rats and Mice]
Reithrodontomys megalotus – Western Harvest Mouse
Habitat: Dense grass in dry, open, semi-desert areas.
Peromyscus crinitus – Canyon Mouse
Habitat: Rocky slides and crevices in cliffs in hot, dry
canyons in open, desert country.
Peromyscus maniculatus – Deer Mouse
Habitat: Prefers coniferous forests, can also be found in grain
fields, weedy fence rows and ditches, sagebrush and slide rock.
Onychomys leucogaster – Northern Grasshopper Mouse
Habitat: Mostly restricted to sagebrush.
Neptoma cinerea – Bushy-tailed Woodrat
Habitat: Prefers slide rock, cliff and canyon areas, caves, mines
and old abandoned buildings. Found both in foresed and open
desert regions.
Microtus longicaudus – Long-tailed Meadow Mouse
Habitat: Isolated, moist, grassy areas along streams or ditches,
sagebrush plains and bunchgrass prairies.
Peromyscus truci – Pinyon Mouse
Habitat: Open forest areas, juniper, brush and rocky areas.
Lagarus curtatus – Sagebrush Vole
Habitat: Grassy sagebrush and bunchgrass. Could use
hollowed out cow chips for shelter.
Phenacomys intermedius – Heather Vole
Habitat: Found in a wide range of habitats, though prefers
open, forest vegetation in drier sites near water.
Arvicola richardsoni – Water Vole
Habitat: Restricted to stream banks, moist meadows, and lake
shores in forested mountain areas.
Microtus montanus – Montane Vole
Habitat: Moist, weedy, or brushy areas near water at edge of
grasslands.
Ondatra zibethicus – Muskrat
Habitat: Marshes, swamps, streams, rivers, and lakes mostly
in the lowlands.
Family Zapodidae [Jumping Mice]
Zapus princeps – Western Jumping Mouse
Habitat: Wet meadows, bogs, streamside brush, and grassy
places near water and forested areas.
Family Muridae [Old World Rats and Mice]
Mus musculus – House Mouse
Habitat: Widespread distribution wherever man exists.
Family Erethizontidae [Porcupines]
Erethizon dorsatum – Porcupine
Habitat: Mostly restricted to coniferous forests, especially
the more open stands. May occur in deciduous woods and
occasionally away from timber in sagebrush.
Order Carnivora
Family Canidae [Wolves, Foxes and Coyote]
Canis latransCoyote
Habitat: Most numerous in open prairies or desert type
environments. Less common but present in denser forest
areas.
Canis lupus – Gray Wolf
Habitat: May occur in all types of natural, terrestrial habitat.
Numbers are greatly reduced and is extremely rare.
Vulpes vulpes – Red Fox
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though preferring
semi-open terrain of foothills and mountains.
Urocyon cinereoargenteus – Gray Fox
Habitat: Open timber, brush, rocks and cliffs.
Family Ursidae [Bears]
Ursus americanus – Black Bear
Habitat: Prefers forested or wooded habitats, as well as
swamps. Commonly visit open berry patches in burned or
subalpine areas when the fruit is ripe.
Family Procynoidae [Raccoons]
Procyon lotor – Raccoon
Habitat: Brushy or wooded areas near water at low elevations.
Family Mustelidae [Weasels, Skunks, Badgers and Otters]
Martes americanaMarten
Habitat: Occurs very rarely in the coniferous forests, mostly of
mountains where they frequent the ridges and subalpine woods.
Martes pennati – Fisher
Habitat: Occurs scatteringly and through undisturbed forest
areas at low to intermediate elevations.
Mustela erminea – Short-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Occurs in a variety of habitats, though usually stays
close to stream bottoms, rock slides, fence rows, and brush
near water.
Mustela frenata – Long-tailed Weasel
Habitat: Found in a variety of habitats but prefers drier
uplands of grass, forest and rock at all elevations.
Mustela vison – Mink
Habitat: Occurs mostly near water where the diet of
muskrats, fish, frogs and other aquatic animals are
available.
Taxidea taxus – Badger
Habitat: Occurs in open to semi-open country, such as sage-
brush and grassland plains.
Spilogale putorius – Spotted Skunk
Habitat: Prefers brush, canyons, farmlands and farm buildings.
Mephitus mephitus – Striped Skunk
Habitat: Found commonly all throughout range, prefers
marshes, farming land, and riparian growth alongs streams
in dry country.
Lutra canadensis – River Otter
Habitat: Prefers lakes shores, rivers, and larger streams. Rare
in occurance.
Gulo gulo – Wolverine
Habitat: Great wanderer, most likely to be seen in coniferous
timbered areas especially in mountains.
Family Felidae [Cats]
Felis concolor – Cougar
Habitat: Prefers mountain forests and semi-wooded canyon
areas where deer are available. Greatly reduced in numbers.
Felis lynx – Lynx
Habitat: Dense coniferous forests. Extremely rare and reduced
in numbers.
Felis rufus – Bobcat
Habitat: Common in broken, rocky areas and logged over
forest land.
Order Artiodactyla
Family Cervidae [Deer and Elk]
Cervus elaphus – Elk
Habitat: Found mostly in mountain or foothill areas, preferring
the semi-open forests.
Odocoileus hemionus – Mule Deer
Habitat: Rocky, brushy areas and open meadows. Occasionally
found in scattered coniferous groves in open desert country.
Odocoileus virginianus – White-tailed Deer
Habitat: Dense forests, deciduous woods and extensive brushy
places at low to intermediate elevations mostly near water.
Family Antilocapridae [Pronghorn]
Antilocapra americana – Pronghorn Antelope
Habitat: Prefers open sage and grassland plains.
Family Bovidae [Bison, Goats, Muskox and Sheep]
Ovis canadensis – Big Horn Sheep
Habitat: Restricted to open meadows and grassy slopes near cliffs
and rocky ridges in the mountains.

Last updated: February 28, 2015

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Mailing Address:

32651 Highway 19
Kimberly, OR 97848

Phone:

(541) 987-2333

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