This Guideline Manual establishes policy for the use of closed circuit television cameras and provides procedures for their use.
It shall be the policy of the Jefferson NEM to use closed circuit television cameras (CCTV) in a professional manner and only to further legitimate law enforcement and public safety objectives.
The provisions of this Guideline Manual apply to personnel located in areas where closed circuit television cameras exist.
All proposed changes to this Guideline Manual shall be submitted through the appropriate chain of command to the Chief Ranger.
This Guideline Manual becomes effective upon signature of the park Superintendent.
In order to help ensure public safety and security, the National Park Service has installed closed circuit television cameras (CCTV) on the Arch Grounds, inside the Arch Complex, the exterior of the Dispatch office, and inside the Ranger Station holding cells/booking area. The installation of the cameras are part of the National Park Service’s integrated approach to provide enhanced protection for employee and visitor safety and will provide critical supplemental assistance to officers’ and rangers’ ongoing security and public safety efforts.
The installation of CCTV is consistent with the 1999 Booz, Allen and Hamilton Strategic Counter-Terrorism Plan for the National Park Service, which recommended such cameras as part of an integrated approach for enhanced protection from terrorist activity against our National Parks and memorials, which are well recognized symbols of America’s heritage.
CCTV’s importance has become even more pressing following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. As detailed in The National Strategy for the Physical Protection of Critical Infrastructures and Key Assets (February 2003), “[t]he need to protect our national icons and monuments from terrorist attack requires the development and coordination of comprehensive policies, practices, and protective measures” and involves “the task of balancing open visitor access to these structures with the protection of visitors and the structures themselves.”
While enhanced protections have been implemented, the CCTV system is a critical component in the National Park Service’s efforts to protect these monuments, memorials, facilities and our park visitors. CCTV is an effective law enforcement and security tool, but it is not intended to replace law enforcement officers who, if
available and on site, remain “the most effective countermeasure available.” CCTV does, however, “extend the coverage of the individual officer” and allows “surveillance of multiple locations simultaneously and cover greater area than can be covered by on site NPS personnel.”
The American Bar Association’s “Standards for Criminal Justice Electronic Surveillance” (3rd ed. 1998) recognizes that CCTV “can be an important law enforcement tool” that “can facilitate the detection, investigation, prevention, and deterrence of crime, the safety of citizens and officers, the apprehension and prosecution of criminals, and the protection of the innocent.” To ensure that adequate privacy and First Amendment safeguards exist, this Guideline Manual establishes policy and procedures authorizing the limited use of CCTV and the proper disposition of stored images. This Guideline Manual does not apply to the monitoring or recording of oral communications that is generally governed by Title III of the Crime Control Act of 1968.