Mount Rainier National Park was established in 1899. The park is 235,625 acres, 97% of which is designated Wilderness. Ascending to 14,410 feet above sea level, Mount Rainier stands as an icon in the Washington landscape. An active volcano, Mount Rainier is the most glaciated peak in the contiguous US, with over 35 square miles of snow and ice and spawning six major rivers.
Approximately 58% of the Park is forested, 23% is subalpine parkland, and the remainder is alpine, half of which is vegetated and the other half consists of permanent snow and ice. Vegetation is diverse, reflecting the varied climatic and environmental conditions encountered across the Park's 12,800-ft elevation gradient.
The North Coast and Cascades Network provides natural resource inventory and monitoring information to help parks make effective, science-based management decisions. Inventories have been completed for birds, fish, mammals, reptiles & amphibians, and vascular plants (see species lists further down the page). Maps and reports detailing Mount Rainier National Park's soils are in progress and are complete for vegetation and geologic resources.
For more information about Mount Rainier National Park, visit the Park website.
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Last updated: August 24, 2023