Inventory & Monitoring at George Washington Birthplace National Monument

Erosion on the shore of the Potomac River at George Washington Birthplace National Monument
Erosion on the shore of the Potomac River at George Washington Birthplace National Monument.  Dennis Skidds, NPS Photo

Located in the heart of the Northern Neck in Virginia, George Washington Birthplace National Monument preserves, commemorates, and interprets the birthplace of the first president of the United States. Established on January 23, 1930, to honor the 200th birthday of George Washington, the birthplace represents one of the earliest national and federal efforts to memorialize Washington and remains a physical record of both the lands and waters the Washington family called home.

The park consists of 550 acres in two discontinuous parcels bounded on three sides by the waters of the Potomac River, Bridges Creek, and Popes Creek. At the time of George Washington’s birth in 1732, his father Augustine owned a sizeable plantation, of which the park’s lands were only a portion. Today the park includes numerous cultural resources including historic landscapes and archeological sites from the Washington era, Colonial Revival buildings from the 1930s, a memorial obelisk from the early federal commemorative efforts in the late 19th century, burial grounds containing the remains of Washington’s relatives, and pre-contact Native American archeological sites. Although the physical house that Washington was born in was said to have been destroyed by fire in the 1770s, George Washington’s story is told through the rural character of the park and surrounding lands and the tidewater culture that shaped his life.

Situated on lands settled by the Washington family, George Washington Birthplace National Monument preserves and interprets the birthplace of the first president of the United States, the generations of the Washington family and contemporaries who lived in the vicinity, and the 18th-century plantation life and society into which he was born.

Last updated: October 9, 2018