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Fulfilling the NPS Mission 101
Informal Visitor Contacts 102
Interpretive Talk 103
Conducted Activity 210
Interpretive Demonstration 220
Interpretive Writing 230
Curriculum-based Program 270
Planning Park Interpretation 310
Interpretive Media Development 311
Leaning Interpreters 330
Interpretive Research
Other Developmental Competencies


Planning Park Interpretation Curriculum-based Program Interpretive Writing Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interp. Research Interpretive Writing Curriculum-based Program Planning Park Interpretation Interp. Media Development Leading Interpreters Interpretive Research Interp. Demonstration Conducted Activity Interpretive Talk Informal Visitor Contacts Fulfilling NPS Mission IDP Homepage





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Foundations of Interpretation

The following curriculum source document provides a significant revision and update to the foundational interpretive concepts that were originally presented in Fulfilling the NPS Mission: The Process of Interpretation, also widely know as Module 101. The revised curriculum, written by a group of NPS subject matter experts, is the source document for the development of training courses and resources related to the core competencies for NPS interpreters. From this document, 1) employees and their supervisors can determine learning needs and strategies, 2) instructors can develop sessions and lesson plans. From this document, an on-line course, also entitled "Foundations of Interpretation", has been developed in partnership with the Eppley Institute for Parks and Public Lands.

This revised curriculum addresses the following core competencies for all interpreters:

Foundations of Interpretation
Knowledge of the Resource
Knowledge of the Audience
Knowledge of Appropriate Techniques

All park rangers and other NPS staff with public contact responsibility, both permanent term and seasonal, as well as cooperating association employees, volunteers, concession employees, and park partner employees

Foundations of Interpretation Curriculum Narrative and Source Document

Editor: STMA Training Manager Interpretation

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