Superintendent's Compendium

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US Department of the Interior
National Park Service

Superintendent's Compendium of Designations, Closures, Permit Requirements and Other Restrictions Imposed Under Discretionary Authority

Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
16062 State Route 104
Chillicothe, Ohio 45601

High Bank Works
Hopeton Earthworks
Hopewell Mound Group
Mound City Group
Seip Earthworks
Spruce Hill Work


Approved: 10/03/2019
Karen Dorn, Superintendent

 
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Approved by: Superintendent Karen Dorn
October 3rd, 2019
 
A trail cut through the grass leading to a large grass-covered mound
Seip Mound at Seip Earthworks.

NPS Photo / Tom Engberg

The purpose of the compendium is to provide the public and park employees with a document that lists the special designations, closures, public use limits, permit requirements and other restrictions imposed under the discretionary authority of the Superintendent. The Superintendent’s authority to implement these provisions is found in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), § 1.5(a). A signed copy of this park's compendium is available upon request. Please Contact Us if you are in need of this document.

The compendium will be reviewed and updated annually or as needed to ensure adequate protection of the park’s resources, provide for public safety and enjoyment and to address changes in public use patterns.

The provisions found in this compendium constitute only one of many tools designed to manage and protect Hopewell Culture National Hisorical Park. It is important to utilize this document in conjunction with Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, which includes the full text of National Park Service regulations, including those authorizing the provisions outlined in this compendium.

It is the intent of this compendium, in conjunction with park brochures, maps, signs and other media, to help provide the public and park employees with a clear understanding of park rules and regulations. Please Contact Us if you have any questions or requests for additional information. We welcome your comments and suggestions.

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Hopewell Culture National Historical Park
Superintendent's Compendium

Last Updated: October 3rd, 2019

In accordance with regulations and the delegated authority provided in Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations ("36 CFR"), Chapter 1, Parts 1-7, authorized by Title 16 United States Code, Section 3, the following provisions apply, to all lands and waters administered by the National Park Service, within the boundaries of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park. Unless otherwise stated, these regulatory provisions apply in addition to the requirements contained in 36 CFR, Chapter 1, Parts 1-7.

Written determinations, which explain the reasoning behind the Superintendent's use of discretionary authority, as required by Section 1.5(c). appear in this document identified by italicized print.

 

I. 36 CFR §1.5 - VISITING HOURS PUBLIC USE LIMITS, CLOSURES, AND AREA DESIGNATIONS FOR SPECIFIC USE OR ACTIVITIES

(a)(1) The following visiting hours and public use limits are established for all or for the listed portions of the park, and the following closures are established for all or a portion of the park to aII public use or to a certain use or activity:

Visiting Hours:

Visitor use of the park is limited to daylight hours, defined as one half hour before sunrise to one half hour after sunset. Visitation in other than daylight hours is incompatible with the educational and scientific purposes for which the park was established. The Superintendent makes exceptions for evening programs, approved Special Use Permits, or approval on an individual basis. Emergency closures will be posted and/or announced through the media.

Visiting Hours: The park was established to "permanently preserve and protect" objects "of great historic and scientific interest" and to interpret the pre-Columbian American Indian Hopewell culture to the public. There are no overnight camping facilities in the park, and except for scheduled evening interpretive programs, there is no valid scientific or educational reason to allow visitor use after dark. In addition, there are no park employees on-site after dark and the sites are vulnerable to looting or vandalism if the park emained open to the public. Visiting is therefore limited to daylight hours.

Closures:

Launching, landing, or operating an unmanned aircraft from or on lands and waters administered by the National Park Service within the boundaries of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is prohibited except as approved in writing by the Superintendent.

Definition: The term "unmanned aircraft" means a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the device, and the associated operational elements and components that are required for the pilot or system operator in command to operate or control the device (such as cameras, sensors, communication links.) This term includes all types of devices that meet this definition (e.g. model airplanes, quadcopters, drones) that are used for any purpose, including for recreation or commerce.

The High Bank Works is closed to public access except by permit. This area is a sensitive archeological site with no interpretive services or visitor facilities available on-site. An uncontrolled railroad crossing poses a safety risk. The primary use of this unit is for preservation and archeological research. The Spruce Hill Work is closed to public access except by permit. This area is a sensitive archeological site with no interpretive service or visitor facilities available on-site. Portions of the unit are owned and managed by the Arc of Appalachia. The primary use of this unit is for preservation and archeological research.

(a)(2) The following area have been designated for a specific use or activity, under the conditions and/or restrictions as noted:


Recreational activities such as kite flying, frisbee throwing, ball playing, etc. are restricted to the mowed turf area between State Route 104 and the visitor center at Mound City Group. Activities are further restricted, at the discretion of the Superintendent, to those that are low impact and do not result in damage to turf or other resources or cause undue interference with other visitors to the park.

Restrictions on Specified Uses: Hopewell Mound Group, Mound City Group, Seip Earthworks, Hopeton Earthworks, High Bank Works, and Spruce Hill Earthworks were ceremonial and burial areas for pre­-Columbian American Indian cultures of the region. Respect for the pre-Columbian builders of the sites and appropriate interpretation and protection of the surviving features requires decorum from visitors. There is no valid educationaI reason to allow sport-like recreational activities in these areas.

E-Bikes: The Paint Creek Recreational Trail that runs through Hopewell Mound Group is the only trail that is open for the use of E-Bikes.
The term "e-bike" means a two or three-wheeled cycle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of Iess than 750 watts (1 h.p.).
E-bikes are allowed in Hopewell Culture National Historical Park where traditional bicycles are allowed. E­-bikes are prohibited where traditional bicycles are prohibited. Except where use of motor vehicles by the public is allowed, using the electric motor to move an e-bike without pedaling is prohibited.
A person operating an e-bike is subject to the following sections of 36 CFR part 4 that apply to the use of traditional bicycles: section 4.12, 4.13, 4.20, 4.21, 4.22, 4.23, and 4.30(h)(2)-(5).
Except as specified in this Compendium, the use of an e-bike within Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is governed by State Iaw, which is adopted and made a part of this Compendium. Any violation of state law adopted by this paragraph is prohibited.

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II. 36 CFR §1.6 - ACTIVITIES THAT REQUIRE A PERMIT

(f) The following is a compilation of those activities for which a permit from the Superintendent is required:

  • §2.2(e) Viewing wildlife with artificial light
  • §2.5(a) Specimen collection (Taking of plants, fish, wildlife, rocks or minerals)
  • §2.12 Audio Disturbances:
    • (a)(2) Operation of a power saw in developed areas
    • (a)(4) Operation of a public address system in connection with a public gathering or special event for which a permit has been issued pursuant to §2.50 or §2.51
  • §2.17 Aircraft and air delivery:
    • (a)(3) Delivery or retrieval of a person or object by parachute, helicopter, or other airborne means
    • (c)(1) Removal of a downed aircraft
  • §2.37 Solicitation or demanding gifts, money goods, or services (Pursuant to the terms and conditions of a permit issued under §2.50, §2.51 or §2.52)
  • §2.38 Explosives:
    • (a) Use, possess, store, transport explosives, and/or blasting agents
    • (b) Use or possess fireworks
  • §2.50 Sports events, pageants, regattas, public spectator attractions, entertainments, ceremonies, and similar event
  • §2.51(a) Public assemblies, meetings, gatherings, demonstrations, parades, and other public expression of views
  • §2.52(c) Sale or distribution of printed matter that is not solely commercial advertising
  • §2.61(a) Residing on federal lands
  • §2.62 Memorialzation:
    • (a) Erection of monuments (requires approval from the Director)
    • (b) scattering ashes from human cremation
  • §4.11(a) Vehicles exceeding load, weight, and size limits (See section III, §4.10)
  • §5.1 Advertisements including the display, posting, or distribution
  • §5.3 Engaging in or soliciting any business (Requires a permit, contract or other written agreement with the United States, or must be pursuant to special regulations)
  • §5.5 Commercial photography/filming:
    • (a) Commercial filming of motion pictures or television involving the use of professional casts, settings or crews, other than bona fide newsreel or news television
    • (b) Still photography of vehicles, or other articles of commerce or models, for the purpose of commercial advertising
  • §5.6(c) Use of commercial vehicles on park area roads (The Superintendent shall issue a permit to access private lands within or adjacent to the park when access is otherwise not available)
  • §5.7 Construction of buildings, facilities, trails, roads, boat docks, path, structure, etc.

Activities that Require a Permit: The listed activities may be appropriate in very limited situations, or may be compatible with the purposes of the park for specific educational or commemorative events. Some situations may make the park the appropriate space for the exercise of constitutionally protected rights. Therefore, the listed activities may be permitted with the approval of the Superintendent.

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III. GENERAL REGULATIONS

36 CFR
§2.1 - PRESERVATION OF NATURAL, CULTURAL, AND ARCHEOLOGICAL RESOURCES

(a)(5) The following conditions are in effect for walking, climbing, entering, ascending, or traversing the listed archeological or cultural resource, monuments, or statues:


The public is prohibited from walking and climbing on mounds and earthworks because of the possibility of damage from erosion. Area between the mounds and earthworks are open to foot travel. Preservation of Natural, Cultural, and Archeological Resources: Walking on mounds and earthworks causes erosion and there is no valid interpretive or educational reason for walking on the mounds. Native Americans have expressed concerns that walking on the mounds may be disrespectful to those that were buried in the mounds. Earthworks and mounds are therefore closed to foot travel.

(c)(1), (c)(2) The following fruits, nuts, berries, or unoccupied seashells may be gathered by hand for personal use or consumption, in accordance with the noted size, quantity, collection sites, and/or use consumption restrictions:


Blackberry One (1) cup per visit for personal use or consumption only
Raspberry One (1) cup per visit for personal use or consumption only
Mulberry One (1) cup per visit for personal use or consumption only
Walnuts One (1) cup per visit for personal use or consumption only
Buckeyes (Yellow, Ohio) One (1) pint per visit for personal use or consumption only
Morel Mushrooms No more than twelve (12) mushrooms per visit for personal use or consumption only


Gathering of Natural Resources: Generally, collection and removal of natural resources from any unit of the National Park System is prohibited. The resources listed have been collected for many years and there has been no observable harm to other natural resources or the abundance of listed plants.

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36 CFR §2.11 - PICKNICKING


Picnicking is permitted only in designated picnic areas. These areas are identified by the presence of picnic tables and/or trash cans.

Picnicking: All units of the park contain sensitive archeological features. Appropriate scientific and educational activities of these features would be adversely impacted by allowing picnicking throughout the rounds. The park provides picnic tables and other facilities at designated areas to limit impacts from erosion, burrowing animals, insects, and interference with educational activities.

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36 CFR §2.11 - FIRES

(a)(1) The lighting or maintaining of fires is prohibited in the park except that the Superintendent may permit the use of fires for educational or interpretive purposes.


Fires: Fire is a potential hazard to park resources and facilities and to neighboring properties. No fires shall be set for the purposes of camping activities or food preparation by visitors.

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36 CFR §2.15 - PETS

(a)(1) The following structures and/or areas are closed to the possession of pets:

Pets are not allowed in buildings or structures except guide dogs accompanying visually impaired persons, hearing ear dogs accompanying hearing-impaired persons, and service animals accompanying physically disabled persons.

Animals within Building: To prevent conflicts with other visitors and staff, animals are not allowed in park buildings with the exception of service animals.

(a)(5) Pet excrement must be disposed of in accordance with the following conditions:

Pet excrement is to be removed from trails, walkways, lawns, and other developed areas by the person responsible for the pet.

Pet Excrement: Pet owners are responsible for their animals, including cleaning up after their animals. The developed units of the park are commemorative spaces which should be treated with respect and decorum.

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36 CFR §2.16 - HORSES AND PACK ANIMALS

(b) The use of horses or pack animals is allowed on the following trails, routes or areas:

The use of horses or pack animals is only allowed on the Paint Creek Recreational Trail that runs through Hopewell Mound Group. Horses and pack animals are prohibited in all other areas.

Horses and Pack Animals: Horses and other livestock cause erosion of slopes and earthworks. Only the Tri-County Triangle Trail is hardened to prevent erosion. To protect the prehistoric earthworks which are the primary resource of the park and to protect the public's investment in park trails, horses and pack animals are limited to the Paint Creek Recreational Trail. The potential introduction of invasive plants is a second concern.

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36 CFR §2.20 - SKATING, SKATEBOARDING, AND SIMILAR DEVICES

The use of roller skates, skateboards, roller skates, coasting vehicles, or similar devices are allowed only in the following areas:

The Paint Creek Recreational Trail that runs through Hopewell Mound Group is the only trail that is open for the use of roller skates, skateboards, roller skis, coasting vehicles, or similar devices.

Skating, Skateboards, and Similar Devices: Hopewell Mound Group, Hopeton Earthworks, High Bank Works, Mound City Group, Seip Earthworks and Spruce Hill were ceremonial and burial areas for pre-C­olumbian American Indian cultures of the region. Respect for the pre-Columbian American Indian builders of the sites and appropriate interpretation and protection of the surviving features requires decorum from visitors. There is no valid educational reason to allow sport-like recreational activities in these areas. The Paint Creek Recreational Trail at Hopwell Mound Group is exempted from this restriction since it is appropriately designed for these uses.

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36 CFR §2.21 - SMOKING

(a) The following portions of the park, or all or portions of building, structures, or facilities are closed to smoking as noted:

Smoking is not allowed in park buildings. Smoking on trails and other outside areas of the park may be prohibited during periods of high fire danger.

Goverment-wide regulations prohibit smoking in Federal buildings.

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36 CFR §2.35 - ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES AND CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

(a)(3)(i) The following public use areas, portions of public areas, and/or public facilities within the park are closed to the use or possession of alcholic beverages and controlled substances.

Alcoholic beverages are permitted only in designated picnic areas. Consumption of alcoholic beverages in other areas of the park is prohibited as it is inappropriate to the educational and interpretive activities that occur in these areas.

Alcoholic Beverages and Controlled Substances: Hopewell Mound Group, Hopeton Earthworks, High Bank Works, Mound City Group, Seip Earthworks and Spruce Hill were ceremonial and burial areas for pre-Columbian American Indian cultures of the region. Respect for the pre-Columbian American Indian builders of the sites and appropriate interpretation and protection of the surviving features requires decorum from visitors. There is no valid educational or visitor service purpose for the consumption of alcoholic beverages outside of designated picnic areas.

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36 CFR §4.21 - SPEED LIMITS

(b) The following speed limits are established for the routes/roads indicated:

The legal speed limit on all park roads shall be 15 miles per hour.

The park-wide speed limit on park-maintained roads is 15 miles per hour. This section of the Code of Federal Regulations provides for a specified speed limit of 15 mph for parking areas, camp grounds, and ther congested areas, such as parking lots, driveways, and service roads. This entry does not apply to state, county, or township-maintained roads.

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Closed Circuit Television (CCTV)


In accordance with National Park Service (NPS) Law Enforcement Reference Manual 9 (RM-9), notice is hereby given that Hopewell Culture National Historical Park uses Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) security camera monitoring.

The NPS’s use of CCTV for law enforcement and security purposes and will only be to visually monitor public park areas and public activities where no constitutionally protected reasonable expectation of privacy exists. Such CCTV use – which will have adequate privacy and First Amendment safeguards – will be to help ensure public safety and security; facilitate the detection, investigation, prevention, and deterrence of terrorist activity; help ensure the safety of citizens and officers; help assist in the proper allocation and deployment of law enforcement and public safety resources; and help facilitate the protection of the innocent and the apprehension and prosecution of criminals.

This policy does not restrict the official use of CCTV in government administrative areas, including administrative buildings, jail holding facilities, revenue collection sites, etc., where the government may record/monitor its facilities. For example, the government may perform unrestricted video/audio recording at revenue collection points (entrance stations, visitor center counters, etc.). This policy does not restrict the use of an Audio/Visual Recording Device (AVRD) in patrol vehicles or officer-worn recording devices used by commissioned rangers.

Operation of CCTV cameras will be in accordance with NPS and Department policy. No person will be targeted or monitored merely because of race, religion, gender, sex, disability, national origin, or political affiliation or views.

Nothing in this policy statement is intended to create any rights, privileges, or benefits not otherwise recognized by law.

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Last updated: September 28, 2020

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Mailing Address:

16062 State Route 104
Chillicothe, OH 45601

Phone:

(740) 774-1126

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