1954 Summit Eruption

At the end of the brief summit eruption of 1954, which only lasted a few days, Halema‘uma‘u crater was covered with about 30 feet (9 m) of new lava. Flows also covered about 139 acres (56 hectares) of the caldera floor.
Black and white image of a lava fountain along the bottoms of a crater wall.
On May 31, 1954, a lava fountain erupting higher than the crater rim. Lava cascading down the northeastern crater wall in Halemaʻumaʻu crater.

NPS Photo/R.T. Kanemori

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Last updated: March 11, 2021

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