Nature

Well-known for its volcanic and geological significance, Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is also one of the most fascinating biological landscapes in the world. Located more than 2,000 miles from the nearest continental land mass, the Hawaiian Archipelago is the most geographically isolated group of islands on Earth. Hawaiian plants and animals began to evolve over 70 million years ago in nearly complete isolation and over 90% of the native terrestrial flora and fauna in Hawaiʻi are found only in the Hawaiian islands. This level of endemism surpasses all other places on Earth— even the Galapagos Islands.

Despite their protected status, the park's treasure trove of species faces decimating threats. Declining habitat outside park boundaries, invasive plants, bird malaria, wildfires, feral cats and pigs, and introduced goats, sheep, rats, mongoose, ants, and wasps are all taking a toll on this wondrous place.

 
Young ʻamaʻu fern

Plants

Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park is home to plants found nowhere else in the world

An apapane bird spreading its wings in a tree

Animals

Animal life on the world's most remote island chain

Aerial photo of a steaming volcanic crater

Volcanoes

Two of the most active and dynamic volcanoes on Earth

Sun rays from behind a lava formation

Geological Features

A treasure trove of volcanic phenomena

Molten lava spraying out of a fissure

Eruptions

As two of the busiest volcanoes on the planet, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa have erupted frequently throughout history

A brown lake in a volcanic crater with a swirl of turquoise on the lower half

Kīlauea Summit Lake

In August 2019, water appeared in the form of a lake in Halemaʻumaʻu crater

 

 
Palm trees in front of cliffs

Voices of Science

A new podcast series takes listeners on an acoustic voyage through Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park

Close up of ʻōhiʻa lehua flowers

Rapid ‘Ōhi‘a Death

Please help prevent the spread of this terrible disease

Last updated: October 28, 2020

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 52
Hawaii National Park, HI 96718

Phone:

(808) 985-6000

Contact Us