History & Culture

A historic fort made of bricks during the 1860s stands on a white sand beach with blue sky in the background.
Fort Massachusetts located on West Ship Island. 

nps photo

The forts of Gulf Islands National Seashore were built between 1797 and the 1940s, their walls tell the story of constant evolution from the Spanish colonial Bateria De San Antonio to the American Battery 234. These forts represent the value placed on the anchorages at Pensacola Bay, Florida and Ship Island, Mississippi. While the national seashore preserves forts that span a long period of defense, possibly the most striking among these are the American Third System forts: Fort Pickens, Fort Massachusetts, Fort Barrancas, and the Advanced Redoubt, all of which saw action during the Civil War.

Last updated: January 4, 2018

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1801 Gulf Breeze Parkway
Gulf Breeze, FL 32563


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