Bastion on the Bluffs
High on a bluff overlooking the entrance to Pensacola Bay, Fort Barrancas stands as a monument to the legacy of America’s early homeland defense. Built with 6 million bricks, walls 4 feet thick and 20 feet high, Fort Barrancas was completed in 1844 and remains an example of military engineering and a marvel of human ingenuity.
Fort Barrancas, with the Advanced Redoubt, provided defense for the Pensacola Navy Yard. Fort Barrancas’ unique location upon elevated shoreline bluffs provided it a commanding view of the entrance to the deep harbor in Pensacola Bay. The bluff (or barrancas) overlooking the entrance to the bay was so strategic, the Army Corps of Engineers built Fort Barrancas over the ruins of other forts built by the Spanish, French, and British as early as the late 17th century.
Civil War Service
Federal forces moved to Fort Pickens on January 10, 1861 the same day the State of Florida seceded from the Union. Two days later, Alabama and Florida state militias occupied Fort Barrancas, Fort McRee, the Advanced Redoubt, and the Pensacola navy yard. This produced a tense stalemate in Pensacola that rivaled that at Charleston Harbor, South Carolina and Fort Sumter in the months before the Civil War began there.
Visit Fort Barrancas
Last updated: April 13, 2018