Nature & Science

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Sonoran Mountain King Snake with orange, white and black strips


Great Basin is home to various animal throughout many different life zones.

yellow wild flours with purple background


The flora of the Great Basin can be found throughout the park and the area around the park.

Pink sunset reflection in pool of stream

Environmental Factors

Great Basin National Park is subject to numerous environmental factors including fires, water quality concerns, and climate change.

Tan cliff with glacier till at the bottom

Natural Features & Ecosystems

As elevation increases, ecosystems change with different natural features too be seen.

Artist drawing of a green valley and the mountains of Great Basin in the background


What lived when there were glaciers and the valley was filled with water?


The Diverse Great Basin

Imagine a place where hot desert valleys meet mountain ranges with peaks soaring above 13,000 feet. Where prickly pear cactus, sagebrush, aspen, fragile alpine wildflowers and ancient bristlecone pines grow. Where mountains lions, Clark's nutcrackers, snakes, and jackrabbits roam. Such a place exists, not just in your imagination, but in living color in the Great Basin Region of the western United States.

Great Basin National Park, and the larger region it represents, are diverse in both landforms and living things. Ranging in elevation from 5,000 - 13,000 feet, you will find deserts, playas, mountains, rock formations, fossils, springs, caves, creeks, and even a lone glacier.

Because the Great Basin exhibits such drastic elevation changes from its valleys to its peaks, the region supports an impressive diversity of plant and animal species, from those adapted to the desert to those adapted to forest and alpine environments. In Great Basin National Park and the neighboring valleys alone, there are 11 species of conifer trees, 73 species of mammals, 18 species of reptiles, 238 species of birds, 8 species of fish, and over 800 species of plants.

Great Basin National Park does not exist in a vacuum, however. Like all national parks, it faces environmental factors such as air quality threats, invasive species, and water issues, like nearby groundwater pumping.

Quick Links

Great Basin National Park BioBlitz
Interested in exploring and learning more about your national park? Every year Great Basin hosts a BioBlitz, where volunteers from all over help us document the biodiversity of our park in a fun, science-filled three-day event. This year, due to Coronavirus, we're taking the BioBlitz to a new realm. Check out the BioBlitz page for details.

Great Basin's Lint and Restoration Camp
Every year, over 30,000 people go through Lehman Caves and leave pieces of lint and trash behind. The cave has no way of naturally cleaning out this debris, so we have volunteers join our resource management team once or twice a year to help clean out the cave. You can help clean formations, dig up old trails, and maybe find some artifacts from old cave explorers!

The Midden
This is a fantastic publication to catch the highlights of the research projects going on in the park. Learn about projects involving bats, beetles, and cave signatures! Oh my!

Recent Scientific Publications
Follow the most current research related to the Great Basin. Here you will find a sampling of the most up-to-date scholarly articles pertaining to this park.

Last updated: October 8, 2021

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Contact Info

Mailing Address:

100 Great Basin National Park
Baker , NV 89311


Available 8:00 am - 4:00 pm, Monday through Friday. Closed on Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Year's Day

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