Winter Wildlife Viewing

a sea otter floating up above the water looking into the distance
Sea otters are a common sight in the waters around Bartlett Cove all winter long. NPS Photo/ D. Morda
Though winter may seem like a hard time to spot wildlife in the park, that isn't always the case! Snow provides excellent opportunities to find animal tracks from coyotes, wolves, moose, mink, river otters, and more. Snow-covered coastlines also make it easier to spot wildlife from afar by boat.
 

December

In years of heavy snow, sitka black-tailed deer are common in coastal forests and sometimes visit beaches to feed on kelp. Most months, deer tend to follow snow lines up and down mountainsides from the coastal forest fringe. When snow accumulates, they move into old-growth forest areas. Watch for them while traveling the Alaska Marine Highway.

Moose have become more common in Southeast. Look for them in river basins where willow is abundant. Mountain goats move out of alpine tundra into old-growth forest areas. These lover elevations offer protection from weather during winter.

Many water bird winter in the welands and marine waters of Southeast Alaska. In the southern islands, trumpeter swans, hooded mergansers, and American coots often occur in the few freshwater ponds and lakes that remain open in winter. Red-throated looks, horned grebes, Canada geese, mallards, green-winged teal, greater scaup, Barrow's goldeneyes, buffleheads, and surg scoters use coastal wetlands. The Vancouver subspecies of Canada goose are year-round residents. In winter, large flocks gather in coastal wetlands. The Mendenhall Wetlands State Game Refuge is a good place to observe them. Winter wrens sing throughout the year.
 

January

Mink, river otter, marten, and vole tracks are easy to find in the snow. Wold, wolverine, and weasel tracks may also be found. Along rocky shores and coastal bays, look for common, red-throated, and yellow-billed loons, harlequin ducks, horned, red-necked, and western grebes, scoters, goldeneyes, and long-tailed ducks. Rock sandpipers and dunlins occur on rocky coasts throughout winter in Southeast. Watch for pacific looks, common murres, and marbled murrelets in offshore waters. Murres, murrelets, and pigeon guillemots also occur in inshore waters and may be seen near Petersburg.
 

February

Some killer and humpback whales remain in the sounds and straits of Southeast during the winter. Watch for them, and Dall's and harbor porpoise, along the Alaska Marine Highwat and coastal vantage points.

During winter, flocks of chesnut-backed chickadees, brown creepers, red-breasted nuthatches, and golden-crowned kinglets can often be found in old-growth forests. Watch for large flocks of red and white-winged crossbills and pine siskins feeding or flying amoung the tops of spruce trees. Common redpolls, chesnut-backed chickadees, Steller's jays, and downy woodpeckers can be easily attracted to birdfeeders in this region. Bald eadles can be seen anywhere along the coast, throughout the year.

Last updated: February 8, 2018

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Glacier Bay National Park & Preserve
PO Box 140

Gustavus, AK 99826

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