Climate Change

Aerial view of wilderness breach
A breach on Fire Island was created by Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, illustrating the dynamic nature of this barrier island and its vulnerability to sea level rise.

NPS Photo/Abell


A Dynamic Landscape
Fire Island is constantly being shaped and re-shaped by wind and waves. The complex interaction of sediment, waves, and currents results in a dynamic landscape, with formations like beaches, dunes, and spits shifting over time.

Both natural factors and human activities affect the dynamic nature and geomorphology of barrier islands like Fire Island. Understanding the island's vulnerabilities and addressing the issues of climate change and sea level rise is critical.


Learn More
Several recent reports and studies are being used by park managers and planners as Fire Island National Seashore develops its new general managment plan (GMP).

Lesson plans and educational programs help students and other visitors better understand this complex issue and how climate change and sea level rise will affect Fire Island.

Last updated: February 26, 2015

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