Key deer

NPS photo

More than 40 species of mammals inhabit Everglades National Park. Many species commonly associated with drier habitats of forest and fields have adapted to the semi-aquatic environment that constitutes much of the Everglades. It is not unusual to see white-tailed deer foraging for food in the sawgrass prairie, and bobcat can occasionally be seen foraging in the mangroves.

Only one representative of the rabbit family is frequently seen in the park. The marsh rabbit is common in higher freshwater marshes, pinelands, and coastal prairies. and can sometimes be seen swimming, for it has adapted to its "wet world." Cottontails also inhabit the park but are not commonly seen.

Raccoons and opossums are common creatures to most habitats. These creatures are omnivores and their diets vary, although the raccoon prefers turtle eggs and small aquatic animals. The opossum is the only marsupial (pouched) animal in the Everglades.

The gray fox is most frequently seen near hardwood hammocks. It is the only fox that can climb trees, especially leaning trees. The gray fox likes bushes and makes its den in the ground under roots and in tree hollows.

Streamlined river otters are commonly observed in the spring at the Anhinga Trail and Shark Valley. They are long, shiny, brown, seal-like animals that are often called the playboys of the 'glades. Their webbed back feet allow them to swim quickly through the water and they are typically seen feeding on turtles, fish, and an occasional baby gator.

White-tailed deer are the same species as those found throughout the eastern United States, but are smaller because they do not need an extra layer of fat to protect them from the winter cold. Everglades deer bed in hammocks when they are not feeding in the open sawgrass. Fawns are born in the spring months and are white-spotted for camouflage.

All plants and animals in Everglades National Park are protected by law. For your own safety, as well as the safety of the animals, please do not feed or harass any wildlife.

Click on the links below for a more detailed account of some of the mammals that inhabit Everglades National Park.

Species List for Everglades National Park¹
E = Federally Endangered
T = Federally Threatened
I = Invasive/Exotic
U = Unknown

Common Name Scientific Name


Order Didelphimorphia (common opossums)

Virginia opossum

Dideplphis virginiana

Order Sirenia (manatees and dugongs)

West Indian manatee

Trichechus manatus


Order Cingulata (armored mammals)

Nine-banded armadillo

Dasypus novemcinctus


Order Rodentia (rodents)

Eastern gray squirrel

Sciurus carolinensis

Eastern fox squirrel

Sciurus niger

Southern flying squirrel

Glaucomys volans

Cotton mouse

Peromyscus gossypinus

Marsh rice rat

Oryzomys palustris

Hispid cotton rat

Sigmodon hispidus

Round-tailed muskrat

Neofiber alleni

House mouse

Mus musculus


Norway rat

Rattus norvegicus


Roof rat

Rattus rattus


Order Lagomorpha (rabbits and hares)

Marsh rabbit

Sylvilagus palustris

Eastern cottontail

Sylvilagus floridanus

Order Soricomorpha (shrews and moles)

Southern short-tailed shrew

Blarina carolinensis

Least shrew

Cryptotis parva

Eastern mole

Scalopus aquaticus


Order Chiroptera (bats)

Northern yellow bat
(also known as Florida yellow bat)

Lasiurus intermedius


Seminole bat

Lasiurus seminolus


Evening bat

Nycticeius humeralis


Brazilian free-tailed bat

Tadarida brasiliensis


Florida bonneted bat
(formerly Florida mastiff bat)

Eumops floridanus
Eumops glaucinus floridanus)


Order Carnivora (meat-eating mammals)

Florida panther

Felis concolor coryi



Lynx rufus

Domestic cat

Felis domesticus


Domestic dog

Canis familiaris


Red fox

Vulpes vulpes


Gray fox

Urocyon cineroargenteus

Black bear

Ursus americanus


Procyon lotor

Eastern spotted skunk

Spilogale putorius


Striped skunk

Mephitis mephitis

Long-tailed weasel

Mustela frenata


Everglades mink

Mustela vison

River otter

Lutra canadensis

Order Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

Domestic pig

Sus scrofa


White-tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianus

Order Cetacea (whales, dolphins, and porpoises)

Short-finned pilot whale

Globicephala macrorhyncha

Atlantic bottlenosed dolphin

Tursiops truncatus

Rice's whale

Balaenoptera ricei



¹Robertson, W.B. & Kushlan, J.A. (2006) Mammals of Everglades National Park. Miami: Everglades Association.

Last updated: May 28, 2021

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