Four mountain lions drink from a water source
A remote camera in the park captured a female mountain lion with three juvenile cubs in 2017

(NPS photo)

A look at distribution maps of several animal classes – reptiles, birds, and mammals, for example – shows Coronado sitting at the center of a unique biological vortex. Here, four major biological provinces intersect: the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts, and the Sierra Madre and Rocky Mountains. The result is an ecological melting pot where species richness is much greater than it would be within one province alone. Some of that richness includes a dozen species of hummingbirds, the coatimundi and javelina, and many reptiles – among them incredible animals like the female whiptail lizard that reproduces without the need of males!

At night, the grasslands hum with the scurryings and diggings of an abundant assortment of mammals – pygmy mice, pocket mice, grasshopper mice, harvest mice, deer mice, kangaroo rats, woodrats, skunks, coyotes, and ringtails. White-tailed deer, Montezuma quail, whiskered screech owls, and cottontail rabbits are common denizens of the oak woodlands and piñon–juniper forests.

A coati in an oak forest


Discover the mammals of the park

A snake lies on a wood ledge


Learn about the reptiles of Coronado National Memorial

A small grey frog in a shallow stream


Explore the amphibians of the park

A hummingbird hovers near an agave flower


Learn more about the many birds here at the park

A large black and red centipede


Centipedes, spiders, and insects of the park

Last updated: March 1, 2019

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4101 E Montezuma Canyon Road
Hereford , AZ 85615


520 366-5515

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