This resource is based on the following source: National Park Service. 1990. A checklist of the birds of Chickasaw National Recreation Area. Southwest Parks and Monuments Association.

For additional information on the projected future populations of birds in the park, read Birds and Climate Change: Chickasaw National Recreation Area


Although small in size, (less than 10,000 acres), Chickasaw National Recreation Area plays host to a remarkable number of birds. The east-west ecotone (where the hardwood forests meet the grasslands) the overlap of north and south, and the proximity to the central flyways provide more types of birds than are found in some larger areas.

Over 160 of the birds on this list have actually been sighted in the area. The rest are likely present at one time or another during the year but either haven't been sighted yet or the sightings haven't been reported. If visitors spot a unique or interesting bird, please let park staff know. These sightings help keep Chickasaw's species lists up-to-date.


a - Abundant: likely to be seen in large numbers in proper season and habitat
c - Common: frequently seen in small numbers in proper season and habitat
u - Uncommon: may be seen regularly in small numbers in proper season and habitat
o - Occasional: seen irregularly in small numbers, even in proper habitat
r - Rare: present irregularly in a portion of its habitat, seldom seen

Seasonal Occurrence
SR - Summer resident
PR - Permanent resident
WV - Winter visitor
M - Migrant

This listing is for habitat where bird is most commonly found. If no habitat is listed, the bird is of widespread occurrence.

W - Water areas: lakes, ponds, streams, marshes
F - Forest: riparian and upland woods
B - Brush: forest edge, thickets, fencerows
P - Prairie: grasslands, pastures, cultivated fields
R - Riparian: deciduous vegetation along streams

Geese and Ducks Occurrence Habitat
Tundra Swan rWV W
White-fronted goose rWV W
Snow goose cWV W
Canada goose cPR W
Mallard cPR W
Pintail cPR W
Gadwall cWV W
American wigeon cWV W
Northern shoveler cWV W
Blue-winged teal cPR W
Green-winged teal cWV W
Cinnamon teal oM W
Wood duck cPR W
Redhead cWV W
American black duck rWV W
Canvasback cWV W
Lesser scaup cWV W
Common goldeneye cWV W
Bufflehead cWV W
Ruddy duck cPR W
Ring-necked duck cWV W
Red-breasted merganser rWV W
Hooded merganser oWV W
Common merganser cWV W
Vultures Occurrence Habitat
Black Vulture oPR
Turkey Vulture aPR
Hawks, Eagles, and Falcons Occurrence Habitat
Mississippi kite cSR FP
Goshawk rWV F
Cooper's hawk oPR F
Sharp-shinned hawk cWV FB
Northern harrier cPR P
Broad-winged hawk cSR F
Rough-legged hawk cWV P
Red-tailed hawk cPR
Red-shouldered hawk cPR F
Swainson's hawk cSR P
Harris' hawk rWV P
Golden eagle oPR
Bald eagle uPR WR
Osprey uM W
Peregrine falcon rWV FPW
Prairie falcon uPR P
American kestral cPR FBP
Merlin rWV FR
Turkey and Quail Occurrence Habitat
Northern bobwhite cPR FBP
Wild Turkey cPR FBP
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns Occurrence Habitat
Great egret cSR W
Cattle egret aSR P
Great blue heron aPR W
Little blue heron cSR W
Green heron aSR W
Yellow-crowned night-heron cSR W
Black-crowned night-heron cSR W
Louisiana heron rM W
American bittern uSR W
Least bittern uSR W
Ibis Occurrence Habitat
White-faced ibis uM W
Cranes Occurrence Habitat
Sandhill crane uWV WP
Whooping crane rM WP
Coots and Rails Occurrence Habitat
American coot aPR W
King rail rSR W
Virginia rail rSR W
Sora cSR W
Purple gallinule rSR W
Common moorhen uSR W
Loons Occurrence Habitat
Common loon uWV W
Pelicans, Cormorants, and Anhinga Occurrence Habitat
White pelican cM W
Double-crested cormorant cPR W
Anhinga rSR W
Grebes Occurrence Habitat
Pied-billed grebe cPR W
Horned grebe uWV W
Eared grebe cWV W
Shorebirds Occurrence Habitat
Killdeer cPR PW
American woodcock uPR FW
Common snipe cWV W
Black-bellied plover uM PW
Lesser-golden plover uM PW
Semipalmated plover cM W
Wilson's phalarope cM W
Stilt sandpiper cM W
Pectoral sandpiper cM W
Baird's sandpiper cM W
Least sandpiper cWV W
White-rumped sandpiper cM W
Solitary sandpiper cM W
Spotted sandpiper cSR W
Semipalmated sandpiper cM W
Western sandpiper cM W
Long-billed dowitcher cM W
Greater yellowlegs cM W
Lesser yellowlegs cM W
Hudsonian godwit uM W
Marbled godwit uM W
American avocet uM W
Willet uM W
Dunlin uM W
Gulls and Terns Occurrence Habitat
Franklin's gull cM W
Ring-billed gull cWV W
Caspian tern uM W
Forster's tern cM W
Least tern uM W
Black tern cM W
Pigeons and Doves Occurrence Habitat
Mourning dove cPR FPB
Rock dove cPR
Kingfishers Occurrence Habitat
Belted kingfisher cPR W
Owls Occurrence Habitat
Barn owl uPR F
Eastern screech owl cPR F
Great horned owl cPR FP
Barred owl cPR F
Long-eared owl rPR F
Short-eared owl uWV P
Cuckoos and Roadrunners Occurrence Habitat
Black-billed cuckoo rSR F
Yellow-billed cuckoo cSR FB
Greater Roadrunner cPR PBF
Goatsuckers Occurrence Habitat
Chuck-will's-widow cSR F
Common poorwill uSR PB
Common nighthawk cSR
Swifts Occurrence Habitat
Chimney swift cSR
Hummingbirds Occurrence Habitat
Ruby-throated hummingbird cSR
Black-chinned hummingbird rSR B
Woodpeckers Occurrrence Habitat
Red-headed woodpecker cPR F
Red-bellied woodpecker cPR F
Yellow-bellied woodpecker uWV F
Ladder-backed woodpecker uPR FB
Hairy woodpecker cPR FB
Downy woodpecker cPR FB
Flicker cPR F
Pileated woodpecker uPR F
Flycatchers Occurrence Habitat
Scissor-tailed flycatcher cSR PB
Great-crested flycatcher cSR F
Acadian flycatcher cSR FW
Least flycatcher cM F
Olive-sided flycatcher uM F
Eastern kingbird cSR WFB
Western kingbird cSR PB
Eastern phoebe cPR FW
Eastern wood pewee cSR F
Larks Occurrence Habitat
Horned lark cPR P
Swallows Occurrence Habitat
Bank swallow uSR W
Barn swallow cSR WP
Tree swallow uM WP
Cliff swallow cSR WP
Rough-winged swallow cSR W
Purple martin aSR PW
Jays and Crows Occurrence Habitat
Blue jay cPR
American crow cPR
Chickadees and Titmice Occurrence Habitat
Carolina chickadee aPR FB
Tufted titmouse aPR FB
Nuthatches and Creepers Occurrence Habitat
White-breasted nuthatch cPR F
Red-breasted nuthatch uWV F
Brown creeper cWV F
Wrens Occurrence Habitat
House wren cPR FW
Carolina wren cPR F
Winter wren uWV FW
Bewick's wren cPR F
Rock wren cPR B
Sedge wren uWV WP
Marsh wren uWV W
Mockingbirds, Catbirds, and Thrashers Occurrence Habitat
Mockingbird cPR FB
Gray catbird cSR F
Brown thrasher cPR FB
Sage thrasher uWV B
Thrushes and Bluebirds Occurrence Habitat
American Robin cPR FB
Wood thrush uSR WF
Swainson's thrush cM F
Gray-cheeked thrush uM F
Hermit thrush uWV F
Townsend's solitaire uWV F
Veery rM F
Eastern bluebird cPR FB
Pipits Occurrence Habitat
American pipit cWV WP
Sprague's pipit cWV WP
Gnatcatchers and Kinglets Occurrence Habitat
Blue-grey gnatcatcher cSR F
Golden-crowned kinglet uWV F
Ruby-crowned kinglet cWV F
Waxwings Occurrence Habitat
Cedar waxwing cWV FB
Shrikes Occurrence Habitat
Loggerhead shrike cPR PB
Starlings Occurrence Habitat
European starling cPR
Vireos Occurrence Habitat
Black-capped vireo rSR B
White-eyed vireo cSR FB
Solitary vireo uM F
Bell's vireo cSR B
Red-eyed vireo cSR F
Warbling vireo cSR F
Warblers Occurrence Habitat
Black-and-white warbler cSR F
Prothonotary warbler cSR WF
Nashville warbler cM F
Northern parula cSR F
Yellow warbler cSR F
Yellow-rumped warbler cWV F
Yellow-throated warbler uSR F
Blackpoll warbler uM F
Chesnut-sided warbler uM F
Orange-crowned warbler cWV F
Tennessee warbler cM F
Black-throated green warbler uM F
Wilson's warbler cM W
Worm-eating warbler rSR RW
Prairie warbler cSR F
Hooded warbler uSR RWB
Canada warbler rM F
Kentucky warbler cSR WF
American redstart uSR F
Ovenbird uSR F
Northern waterthrush uM WF
Louisianna waterthrush cSR WF
Common yellowthroat cSR W
Yellow-breasted chat cSR WFB
Blackbirds and Orioles Occurrence Habitat
Bobolink uM P
Red-winged blackbird cPR WB
Yellow-headed blackbird uSR WPB
Rusty blackbird uWV FW
Brewer's blackbird cWV FW
Great-tailed grackle cPR FW
Common grackle cPR FW
Brown-headed cowbird cPR FBP
Eastern meadowlark cPR PB
Western meadowlark cPR PB
Orchard oriole cSR F
Northern oriole cSR F
Tanagers Occurrence Habitat
Summer tanager cSR F
Scarlet tanager uSR F
Cardinals, Grosbeaks, Buntings, and Towhees Occurrence Habitat
Cardinal cPR FB
Rose-breasted grosbeak uSR F
Blue grosbeak cSR FB
Indigo bunting cSR F
Painted bunting cSR FB
Dicksissel cSR BP
Rufous-sided towhee cWV FB
Finches and Siskins Occurrence Habitat
Purple finch cWV FB
Pine siskin cWV FB
American goldfinch cPR FB
Sparrows Occurrence Habitat
American tree sparrow cWV F
Chipping sparrow cPR F
Clay-colored sparrow cM B
Field sparrow cPR BP
Vesper sparrow cWV BP
Lark sparrow cSR BP
Savannah sparrow cWV BP
Grasshopper sparrow cSR BP
LeConte's sparrow cWV BP
Sharp-tailed sparrow rM W
Fox sparrow uWV F
Song sparrow cWV FBW
Lincoln's sparrow cWV FB
Swamp sparrow uWV WF
White-throated sparrow uWV FB
White-crowned sparrow cWV FB
Harris' sparrow cWV FB
Dark-eyed junco cWV FB
McCown's longspur uWV P
Lapland longspur cWV P
Chestnet-collared longspur cWV P
Rufous-sided sparrow cPR B
Weaver Finches Occurrence Habitat
House sparrow cPR

Last updated: August 8, 2023

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