Superintendent's Compendium

COMPENDIUM of designations, closures, permit requirements and other restrictions imposed under the discretionary authority by the Superintendent of Cedar Breaks National Monument.

Under the authority of Title 54 USC Section 100751(a), and Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1, Parts 1-7, a Superintendent's Orders Compendium is established for Cedar Breaks National Monument. Regulations listed in this compendium are requirements in addition to those listed in the specific section found in Title 36 unless otherwise noted. The specific authority for this regulatory procedure is found in § 1.5, 1.6, and 1.7 of Title 36.

Written determinations, which explain the reasoning behind the Superintendent’s use of discretionary authority, as required by Section 36 CFR 1.5 (c), appear in this document identified as “justification.”

 

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Section 1.5 Closures and Public Use Limits

Launching, landing or operating an unmanned aerial (UAS) system from or on lands and waters administered by the National Park Service within the boundaries of Cedar Breaks National Monument is prohibited except as approved in writing by the Superintendent.

Definition: The term "unmanned aircraft" or “unmanned aerial system” means a device that is used or intended to be used for flight in the air without the possibility of direct human intervention from within or on the device, and the associated operational elements and components that are required for the pilot or system operator in command to operate or control the device (such as cameras, sensors, communication links). This term includes all types of devices that meet this definition (e.g., model airplanes, quadcopters, drones) that are used for any purpose, including for recreation or commerce.

Justification: Use of unmanned aerial system(s) within Cedar Breaks is not a compatible use with the purpose of Cedar Breaks as detailed in the Park Management Plan for wilderness management, preservation of natural soundscape, natural resources and visitor experience based on noise, lack of appropriate landing sites, visitor safety, conflicts with wildlife including endangered species, conflicts with motor vehicle traffic, and intrusion on other visitors' enjoyment of the park. Less restrictive use of unmanned aerial systems will not provide the protection to wildlife or contribute to the visitor experience of solitude and natural quiet in Cedar Break’s proposed wilderness.

All areas below the rim at Cedar Breaks National Monument are closed to downhill skiing, snowboarding, sledding or sliding devices. Cross country skiing is permitted on the rim trails. The Monument does not maintain cross country ski trails.

Justification: Downhill skiing, snowboarding, sledding and using other sliding devices pose a risk to park resources, as well as significant potential hazards to visitors. The snowpack is quite variable and often times very thin. The carving, turning nature of skiing, snowboarding and similar downhill activities can cause significant damage to geologic formations, accelerating erosion of protected resources. In the event that a visitor was injured below the rim conducting one of these activities, the risk of injury to Monument and County responders would also be significant in any rescue attempt.

All fires (wood, charcoal and cigarette) and/or stove use within the park may be reduced or temporarily banned by the Superintendent during times of high fire danger to protect park resources and reduce the public risk.

Justification: In the interest of protection of environmental and scenic values, protection of natural resources and public safety, these restrictions on fires are necessary.

Traditional geocaching within Cedar Breaks National Monument is prohibited.

Justification: Due to the concerns of unchecked development of social trails in areas of archeological, scenic, and biological significance, and the concern of geocache placement in unsafe areas, traditional geocaches are prohibited. Geocaching also violates the following regulations: 36 CFR Section 2.22(a)(2), 2.1(a)(i), 2.31(a)(3)

The Cedar Break NM’s Maintenance Facility Operations Area and housing area is closed to the public presence, use and access except for individualsconducting administrative business. Service and administrative roads that are designated by signs and/or locked gates are closed to all vehicle traffic except those on official government business.

Justification: These areas of the Monument are used by employees to conduct official business, store equipment, and conduct training. The general public should not access these areas for their safety. These areas provide protection for government property. They also provide a location for staff to train and not be interrupted by the visiting public.

Regardless of vaccination status or local community transmission levels, all individuals over the age of two must wear masks, except when actively eating or drinking, in all common areas and shared workspaces in federally owned buildings administered by the National Park Service and in office space leased by the National Park Service.

‘Federally owned buildings administered by the National Park Service’ include, but are not limited to, visitor centers, administrative offices, maintenance facilities, and shared government quarters; buildings assigned to concessioners or other park partners; and buildings leased for commercial purposes to individuals or entities other than the National Park Service.

All individuals over the age of two, regardless of vaccination status or local community transmission levels, must wear masks in the following outdoor areas when others are present, except when actively eating or drinking, where the superintendent has determined that physical distancing (staying at least 6 feet apart) cannot reasonably be maintained:
    • Outdoor areas adjacent to visitor centers such as patios
    • Parking lots and common areas in campgrounds such as picnic areas and restrooms
    • Crowded trails, viewpoints, and other areas of interest
    • Covered structures that attract crowds such as the open-air picnic pavilions near the campground
Masks must cover the nose and mouth and fit snugly around the nose and chin with no large gaps around the sides of the face. Masks not designed to be protective, masks with ventilation valves, and face shields do not meet the requirement.

Regardless of vaccination status, all individuals must comply with all orders regarding masks issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).CDC prevention measures continue to apply to all travelers on public transit, regardless of vaccination status.

Masks remain required on all forms of public transit that operate within parks, including busses, trains, and boats/ferries, and in transportation hubs.

Justification: By relying on the best available data and science-based public health measures in order to protect the health and safety of NPS employees, volunteers, partners, contractors, and park visitors from Covid-19 and the on-going pandemic, the requirement to wear masks applies to the identified locations. These locations are all areas where the ability to maintain six feet physical distancing is difficult when any size of group is present. CDC guidance suggests that masks should not be worn by children under the age of two years old, individuals with pre-existing health conditions or a disability that makes wearing a mask difficult, or persons for whom wearing a mask would create a risk to workplace health, safety, or job duty as determined by the relevant workplace safety guidelines or federal regulations.

Categorical Exclusion Justification for Implementation of Executive Order 13991: Mask-wearing requirements are a minor change to visitor use in NPS units. These requirements may result in minor changes to the types and amounts of use by visitors as visitors may interact differently with the NPS workforce and other visitors when wearing a mask. Some visitors who may have avoided a park when masks were not required may visit a park if they know masks are required while others may not visit if they are required to wear a mask. A small number of visitors may resist wearing a mask and may need to be redirected to appropriate areas where masks are not necessary per the Memo. Overall, the requirement itself is a minor change since visitors will still have access to the same areas of the park, will still be able to participate in the same activities in the park and will receive the same information in the park. Park visitation at individual parks is not likely to change meaningfully die to the mask mandate. Many parks have had steady visitation during the pandemic and this is unlikely to change visitation in a meaningful way since many states already have mask mandates and visitors are already used to wearing them.The purpose of the requirement is to ensure visitor and workforce safety. As noted in the Memo, masks protect others as well as the wearer. COVID-19 spreads mainly from person to person through respiratory droplets. Masks are a simple barrier to help prevent respiratory droplets from reaching others. Masks can prevent the spread of the disease even when the wearer is not sick. This is because several studies have found that people with COVID-19 who never develop symptoms (asymptomatic) and those who are not yet showing symptoms (presymptomatic) can still spread the virus to other people. The mask-wearing requirement is in accordance with existing regulations (it does not conflict with other regulations or policy). NPS is using one CE to cover compendium changes for all NPS Units because, while mask requirements may be different for each NPS Unit, the impacts of requiring mask-wearing and anticipated changes in visitor use are the same regardless of location; the same general impacts can be assumed for all parks.

Any use of any off-highway vehicle (OHV), all-terrain vehicle (ATV), utility vehicles (UTVs) or other motorized conveyance manufactured for recreational non-highway, off-road, or all-terrain travel regardless of registration status (all-terrain type I or type II “street legal” vehicles, as defined by Utah State Code Annotated 41-22-2 or 41-6a-102) is prohibited within Cedar Breaks National Monument.

Under NPS management policies, (8.2.3.1), on-duty NPS employees may use OHVs or UTVs on a case by case basis as part of their official work duties when the use of an OHV or UTV with specific advantages is essential to promoting efficiency for a project, promoting employee safety, and supporting monument-wide sustainability goals. Under this allowance, staff will predominately use administrative roads within the Monument that are closed to the public and avoid public roads within Monument whenever possible. Only street legal OHVs may be used by park staff and all requirements (licensed driver, safety belts and required equipment) must be met.

Justification: The recreational and general use of off-highway vehicles such as OHVs, ATVs UTVs, and other motorized conveyances manufactured for recreational non-highway, off-road, or all-terrain travel poses a significant risk to park resources and conflicts with other park visitors and wildlife. These risks and conflicts cannot be appropriately mitigated or be sustained without causing unacceptable impacts. The use of such vehicles is, therefore, not consistent with the protection of the parks and monuments. Use by on-duty Monument employees will be limited to instances when other alternatives to a OHV/UTV are not available and the use of the OHV/UTV is essential to the project’s efficiency or employee safety such as hauling large amounts of heavy materials over rough terrain.


 

Section 1.6 Activities Requiring a Permit

The following activities enumerated by individual section require a permit issued by the Superintendent subject to additional requirements, as applicable:
§2.5 Collection of research specimens.
§2.12(a)(2) Operating a power saw.
(a) (3) Operating a portable motor or engine in an undeveloped area.
§2.17 Delivery of persons or objects by airborne means.
§2.38 Transport or possession of explosives.
§2.50 Special events.
§2.51 Public assemblies.
§2.52 Sale or distribution of printed matter.
§2.61 Residing on federal land.
§2.62 Memorialization.
§5.3 Business operations.
§5.5 Commercial filming and photography.
§5.6 Commercial vehicles.
§5.7 Construction of buildings or other facilities.
§2.1 Preservation of natural, cultural and archeological resources.


 

Section 1.7 Reduced Occupancy Limit due to Covid-19 Pandemic Guidelines

The number of visitors in the following indoor locations may not exceed the maximum occupancy identified for each location.

Indoor Location

Maximum Occupancy

Park Store

23


Justification: The Superintendent is establishing this Service-wide reduced occupancy standard because community transmission rates are presently elevated, with two-thirds of counties nationwide exhibiting significant or high community transmission. Parks attract visitors from around the country and internationally, and in times of high community transmission, state or local data may not represent true transmission risk at a park. The DOI-Covid-19 Workplace Safety Plan recommends a reduced occupancy standard of 25% of normal occupancy. The 25% occupancy standard must ensure that at least six feet of physical distance between people present in the facility can be maintained.


 

Section 2.1 Preservation of Natural, Cultural and Archeological Resources

The gathering, possession and consumption of all wild fruits, berries and nuts or domestic fruit, berries and nuts are limited to quantities which are consumed by a single individual the same day or 1 pound per individual and limited to a total of 5 pounds for groups of 5 or more people.

Justification: This limited use of these renewable resources will not adversely affect park wildlife, the reproduction of any plant species, or other park resources.

 

Section 2.2 Wildlife Protection

The feeding of wildlife through bird feeders, baiting or improperly stored food is prohibited in Park housing areas and in any established campsite in any campground, including camp-host sites in concurrence with 36 CFR.

Justification: Bird feeders, food items and trash are at high risk of being subject to opportunistic feeding by local animal populations. This activity poses health concerns to the animals over time and has proven to create an aggressive animal population. Park residents are subject to the same regulations as visitors.

The transportation of lawfully taken wildlife is permitted on all roads open to public vehicle travel within Cedar Breaks NM. Transportation through the park of wildlife lawfully taken outside the park is permitted only in a motor vehicle and must be non-stop, except for emergencies. Taken wildlife must have a valid state tag attached to the animal in accordance with all applicable state regulations. Compliance checks may be conducted by law enforcement park rangers.

Justification: The Superintendent is given the authority under this section to establish conditions and procedures for transporting lawfully taken wildlife through the park. It is the intent of the Superintendent to allow transport of lawfully taken wildlife through Cedar Breaks National Monument from the place where a legal taking of wildlife has occurred and the residence of the individual who has performed that legal taking. The conditions for transport of legally taken game reflect past practice and are necessary for individuals seeking to follow state hunting regulations.

A permit is required to track and remove lawfully taken animals that were mortally wounded outside the Monument boundaries, then enter the park. Permits can be issued to hunters in the field by law enforcement rangers or park staff and can only be obtained in the event of these described circumstances.

Justification: Possessing live or dead wildlife inside the park is illegal even if it was originally shot legally. Hunting licenses in the state of Utah are not valid on areas closed to hunting, therefore possessing an animal in a closed area is also a violation of state law. This permit provides a mechanism to allow hunters to legally retrieve their animals. Extended tracking of wounded animals in the park constitutes hunting and must be evaluated on a case by case basis to determine if a permit should be issued. It is recognized that humanely putting down dying animals are desirable, however, it is possible for wildlife to survive being wounded. Rangers will follow their Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for determining whether a permit should be authorized and the conditions of the permit

The entire park is closed to the use of artificial light for the purpose of viewing wildlife.

Justification: The Superintendent has determined that viewing wildlife at night with the use of an artificial light constitutes "teasing, frightening or intentional disturbing" of wildlife, which is specifically prohibited in 36 CFR 2.2 (a) (2). This closure of the park to the use of artificial light for viewing wildlife is consistent with the regulations in other nearby national parks.

The use of wildlife and/or varmint calls, audio attractants or other artificial or natural means of attracting or disturbing wildlife (including rattling antlers or verbal bugling or howling imitations) are prohibited.

Justification: This behavior and the use of these implements constitutes "teasing, frightening or intentional disturbing" of wildlife, which is specifically prohibited in 36 CFR 2.2 (a) (2).


 

Section 2.5 Research Collection Permit

Permits are applied for through the online Research Permit and Reporting System (RPRS) system and approved by the Superintendent or Zion’s Chief of Resource Management. Individuals must keep a copy of the signed and approved permit with them and present it upon request.

Justification: Research is a vital part of the NPS mission and researchers should understand the need for proper accounting and tracking of projects to avoid any conflicts.

 

Section 2.10 Camping and Food Storage

All areas of the park are closed to camping except in designated sites in the established Point Supreme Campground, when the campground is not signed as closed. No camping is permitted within the Cedar Breaks Amphitheater.

Justification: The superintendent has determined that all areas above the amphitheater rim are to be closed to camping except in the Point Supreme Campground due to their proximity to roads, trails, and other heavy day use areas to avoid conflict with day-use park visitors. Camping on the rim area also poses a threat to a threatened and endangered species of wildflower found in the monument.

The geologic amphitheater located below the rim, from approximately 10,600 feet in elevation down to 8,200 feet in elevation and including some 4,700 acres, is designated as a Research Natural Area. Research Natural Areas are part of a national network of field ecological areas designated for research and education and/or to maintain biological diversity and are to be managed for baseline inventory studies and long-term ecological observation. The Cedar Breaks Amphitheater Natural Area is one in which natural processes have been allowed to continue with very little man-caused disturbance and therefore is also closed to camping.

No person, party or organization shall be permitted to camp anywhere in Cedar Breaks NM more than 14 consecutive days and no more than 30 days in a calendar year.

Justification: These regulations are necessary to allow for equitable allocation and protection of resources.

Point Supreme Campground quiet hours are from 10 PM to 6 AM (2200-0600). Generator use is not authorized during quiet hours. Loud music, partying, yelling, screaming and other loud noises during this period of time are not authorized.

Justification: The Point Supreme Campsites are in close proximity to one another and loud noises and sounds, especially of a sustained nature will have a negative impact on other campers during the hours 8 PM to 8 AM.

Checkout time of campsites in developed campgrounds is 11:00 a.m.

Justification: This will avoid camper conflict when campgrounds fill to capacity and prevent incoming campers from being inconvenienced when campsites are still occupied by the previous night’s tenants. It is reasonable to expect campers will be able to make all necessary preparations to vacate their campsite by 11:00 a.m., unless they’ve extended.

Attaching or suspending any item from trees which may cause tree or limb damage is prohibited, as is attaching any item to trees or vegetation with nails, wire or chains. Candles or lanterns are not to be hung from tree limbs by any means. Clotheslines longer than 15 feet or numbering greater than one per campsite are prohibited. “Tree tents” are not permitted due to the number and length of guy lines exceeding the footprint of the campsite. The use of hammocks is considered a camping style and will be permitted, but limited to trees more than 10 inches in diameter with adequate padding and MUST be within the footprint of the campsite to limit resource and infrastructure damage. Nothing can be attached to park structures. No more than two attachments to any single tree. Temporary slacklines will also be permitted under the same conditions as hammocks (padding, tree size) provided they do not create any resource or infrastructure (sprinkler systems, pergola, etc.) damage or safety hazard.

Justification: Certain items and methods of attachment cause damage to park resources or detract from scenic values and are not consistent with the purpose for which the campgrounds were developed.

Installation or use of any sports equipment that requires the placing of stakes or other items into the ground or whose use would cause resource damage or creates a public safety hazard is prohibited. Examples of such equipment includes, but is not limited to, horseshoe stakes, volleyball nets, lawn darts, group football games, etc.

Justification: In the interest of protecting environmental and scenic values and protection of natural resources and aesthetic values associated with the experience of camping in a National Park, restrictions must be placed on the participation in certain sports activities and the use of certain sports equipment which would negatively impact park resources and the visiting public.

Within all campsites, picnic areas and parking lots, all food products and garbage must be stored inside a vehicle or a secure lockable hard sided container. This does not apply to food that is being transported, consumed, or prepared for consumption. For the purpose of the following food storage restrictions, "food items" shall be defined as food, drinks, toiletries, cosmetics, pet food and bowls, and odoriferous attractants. Garbage (including empty cans, food wrappers, etc.) must be stored or disposed of consistent with these regulations. Coolers, dirty stoves, grills, non-disposable tableware and cookware must be washed, or stored in the same manner as food.

Justification: Food items and trash left unsecured are at high risk of becoming subject to opportunistic feeding by the local animal population and may also attract nuisance insects. This opportunistic feeding may pose health concerns to the animals over time, has proven to create an aggressive animal population and has resulted in avoidable visitor injury and property damage. The primary purpose of these regulations is to maintain public health and safety, and to avoid conflict between visitor use activities and natural resources.


 

Section 2.13 Fires

Open fires are permitted only in designated campsites and picnic areas. At these locations, fires shall be contained within designated grills/rings or in privately owned grills containing all fire ash and residue, where no scorching of the ground surface occurs. The use of lanterns, stoves, hot plates and heaters are authorized but must be attended at all times.

Justification: Certain Fire Restrictions are necessary to protect the public, natural and scenic values and the environment. Campground and picnic area fire receptacles are designed to minimize the risk of sparks igniting nearby flammable materials, and their controlled location helps prevent recreation sites from becoming unsightly.

Fires (except for self-contained lanterns and stoves) are prohibited in non-developed areas.

Justification: In the interest of protection of environmental and scenic values, protection of natural resources and public safety, these restrictions are necessary. These restrictions do not affect the use of fuel stoves or lanterns for camping purposes.


 

Section 2.14 Sanitation and Refuse

In non-developed areas, human body waste must be buried at least 6 inches deep and 100 ft. from any visible open water source. Associated paper must be carried out and disposed of in a proper receptacle.

Justification: Human body waste is a threat to public health and environmental or scenic values. Backcountry use demands thoughtful consideration of others in the successive use of resources.

 

Section 2.15 Pets

Pets, as defined by 36 CFR 1.4(a), are to be a dog, cat or other animal that has been domesticated. All pets must be on leashes no longer than 6 feet, or otherwise under physical restraint. Pets are permitted in parking areas open to public, Sunset Trail, within Point Supreme Campground and picnic area, and at any paved overlook.Pets are prohibited on all other park trails, except Sunset Point Trail and the Rattlesnake Trail with hikers that are completing a through hike, passing through Cedar Breaks National Monument.Pet excrement must be picked up and properly disposed of by the individual responsible for the pet.

Justification: Consistent with public health and safety, protection of natural resources and avoidance of conflict among visitor use activities, pets must be restricted. The burden is placed on pet owners and responsible parties to assure their pets do not destroy park values for others in those areas where they are allowed.
Pets may be left unattended up to two hours, secured in a cage or tied to an object in developed campgrounds provided all other requirements of §2.15 are observed and ensuring that the animal has food, water, and shelter, adequate for conditions. Unattended pets observed making unreasonable noise will be considered prima facie evidence of failure by the owner to meet requirements of §2.15(a)(4). Leaving a pet unattended in a vehicle with environmental conditions that pose a health risk to the animal is prohibited. If NPS personnel determine an animal is in imminent danger action may be taken to prevent further harm to the animal.

Justification: The burden is placed on pet owners to ensure their pet’s needs are adequately addressed and do not compromise the health and safety of the animal or other visitors. Environmental conditions that pose a health risk to the animal may be determined by NPS personnel observing ambient temperatures, the probability of unhealthy conditions within the vehicle, and observing signs of distress from an animal.

 

Section 2.16 Horse and Pack Animals

All horse and other pack animal use in Cedar Breaks NM is prohibited. Horses and other livestock are restricted to trailers while being transported through Cedar Breaks NM. All feed must be contained and/or covered in a manner that prevents plant material and seeds from being distributed in Cedar Breaks NM.No commercial horse or livestock may be transported through Cedar Breaks NM on the Cedar Breaks Scenic Drive (Park Road from the park’s south boundary to its junction with S.R. 143).

Justification: This is to provide for the protection of environmental values and natural resources and prevent conflict among other visitor use activities. Easily damaged vegetation types on the rim area and steep, crumbly, easily eroded slopes in the lower canyons are not compatible with horse use. Park trails receive heavy day use by hikers and many are short and narrow and have not been constructed for horse use impact.


 

Section 2.18 Snowmobiles

Pursuant to 36 CFR 2.18 (b), and the Federal definition of a “Snowmobile,” machines that have been fitted with cleats, belts, runners or low pressure tires for driving in snow do NOT meet the Federal definition of a “Snowmobile” and therefore are not authorized. Only machines outfitted with “a track” or “tracks” and steered by “a ski” or “skis” are authorized to traverse the unplowed roadways of Cedar Breaks National Monument, pursuant to 36 CFR 7.52 (see below).A snowmobile, defined in 36 CFR, “means a self-propelled vehicle intended for travel primarily on snow having a curb weight of not more than 1000 pounds (450 kg), driven by a track or tracks in contact with the snow, and steered by ski or skis in contact with the snow.
The State of Utah defines a snowmobile as, “any motor vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice and steered, and supported in whole or in part by skis, belts, cleats, runners or low-pressure tires.

Justification: 36 CFR 2.18 (b) states that, “Except as otherwise provided in this section…” and at the end of the paragraph, “Non-conflicting State laws are adopted as a part of these regulations.” Section 36 CFR does provide a clear definition of what a snowmobile is and the Federal definition does conflict with the State definition, therefore machines not meeting the Federal definition of a snowmobile are prohibited.Pursuant to this section, a special regulation (Title 36, Code of Federal Regulations, Section 7.52) has been promulgated to permit snowmobile use on designated sections of the unplowed roadway in the park. Use of snowmobiles on other than the designated routes is prohibited.

Justification: 36 CFR 7.52 is special regulation, specific to Cedar Breaks NM, allowing for snowmobile use on the main park roads, overlook parking lots and the paved viewpoint trail to Point Supreme.

 

Section 2.19 Winter Activities

All areas of the park above the rim are open to skiing and snowshoeing when the road is closed to motor vehicle traffic. Snowmobiling routes will remain 8’ from center line of any/all groomed ski or snowshoe trails within the road corridor.

Justification: The road corridors in Cedar Breaks NM are wide enough to accommodate snowmobiling, skiing, and snowshoeing. For visitor safety and to prevent user conflicts, snowmobilers will remain 8’ from the center line of any groomed ski or snowshoe track/trail within the road corridor. While snowmobile use is restricted to designated areas, the entire park, above the rim, is open to use by skiers and snowshoers.

 

Section 2.21 Smoking

Smoking is prohibited in all park buildings and 25 feet from any building entrance, exits, air intake, or windows.During times of high fire danger, smoking may be prohibited in all areas of the monument by the posting of appropriate signs at park entrances.

Justification: In the interest of fire prevention and public health, this prohibition is consistent with state law, past practice and fire restrictions in the Color Country area.

 

Section 2.35 Alcoholic Beverages and Controlled Substances

All public use buildings are closed to the possession or consumption of alcoholic beverages except during officially sanctioned activities when the building is closed to the general public.

Justification: The Superintendent has determined that the use of alcoholic beverages in the public buildings would conflict with the primary purpose of those buildings.

 

Section 2.50 Special Events

A special use permit is always required to hold an event within the boundaries of Cedar Breaks N.M. These events include wedding ceremonies, scattering of ashes (§2.62), and when groups of greater than 25 people (§2.51) plan gatherings or activities. Permit applications are accepted up to 1 year in advance and no less than 3 weeks prior to event date.
 

Section 2.62 Memorialization

The scattering of ashes is permitted with a Special Use Permit on either side of the 400-yard trail that connects Chessmen Ridge Overlook to the Alpine Pond Loop Trail. Memorials or plaques are not permitted.

Justification: The Superintendent has identified this area where families can scatter ashes and impacts to other visitors will be minimized.

 

Section 4.11 Load, Weight, and Size Limit

When posted as such, and generally beginning at the seasonal spring opening of The Cedar Breaks Scenic Drive (Park Road from the park's south boundary to its junction with S.R. 143) is closed to vehicles that have a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of 26,000 lbs. or more, until it is determined by the Superintendent that the road base and road shoulders have dried sufficiently and postings are removed.

Justification: Due to heavy snow loads at the park's elevation, the soil along the margins and shoulders of the road is saturated with snowmelt from the deep snowbanks on the roadside for several weeks following the road opening each spring. Overnight freezing temperatures, with rising daytime temperatures, results in a freeze-thaw cycle in the soil of the strata underlying the road. The weight of heavy traffic, coupled with the freezing and thawing of soil moisture beneath the road, results in a rapidly accelerated deterioration of the road surface and margins.

The Superintendent has adopted the recommendations of the Federal Highway Administration, and comments received by the Utah Department of Transportation and other state and federal agencies and the public during a scoping process in 2004 to put in place a temporary ban on heavy traffic (defined as vehicles with a GVWR of 26,000 lbs. or more) during the spring thaw. The amount of time these restrictions will be posted and remain in place will depend upon the time it takes for the soil beneath the road to adequately dry and the freeze-thaw cycle to end. Sensors buried in the road base are used to measure soil moisture content and temperature. Data from these sensors will be used to determine when the road base can withstand heavy loads without damage. Once conditions along the roadside have dried out and warmed up, heavy traffic can resume without causing significant break-up of the road base.

 

Section 4.21 Speed Limits

The speed limit on all monument roads is 35 MPH, except for that section of the Park Road between the campground service road and the cabin service road where it is 25 MPH. Other speed limits may be posted due to unforeseen circumstances.

Justification: Due to the character of park roads, 35 mph is the maximum speed limit, unless otherwise posted or when conditions for safe travel dictate less.

 

Section 4.30 Bicycles and E-Bikes

Groups of cyclists using park roads must break into groups of 6 riders or less with groups separated by one quarter mile. Cyclists must ride single file on all monument roadways. Commercial bicycle tours/groups are prohibited from riding on Monument roads.

Justification: Large bicycle groups prevent vehicles from passing them in a safe manner on the narrow park roads.
The term “e-bike” means a two- or three-wheeled cycle with fully operable pedals and an electric motor of less than 750 watts (1 mph).

E-bikes are allowed in Cedar Breaks National Monument where traditional bicycles are allowed. E-bikes are prohibited where traditional bicycles are prohibited. Except where use of motor vehicles by the public is allowed, using the electric motor to move an e-bike without pedaling is prohibited.

A person operating an e-bike is subject to the following sections of 36 CFR part 4 that apply to the use of traditional bicycles: sections 4.12, 4.13, 4.21, 4.22, 4.23 and 4.30(h)(2)-(5).

Except as specified in this Compendium, the use of an e-bike within Cedar Breaks National Monument is governed by State Law, which is adopted and made a part of this Compendium. Any violation of State law adopted by this paragraph is prohibited. Bicycles and E-bikes are prohibited on all trails in Cedar Breaks National Monument.

Class of e-bikes allowed:
  • Class 1 e-bike: are electric bicycles equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
  • Class 2 electric bicycles are equipped with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle, and that is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 miles per hour.
  • Class 3 e-bike: ***For Law Enforcement and Emergency Response Use Only*** are electric bicycles equipped with a motor that provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 miles per hour.
Justification: E-bikes increase cycling access to the monument by making travel easier and more efficient by allowing riders to travel further with less effort. E-cycling expands this form of travel to more people, who, because of age, fitness, or convenience might not otherwise be able to recreate in this manner. There are also environmental and personal benefits as e-bikes reduce carbon emissions, fuel consumption, improve air quality and promote visitor and park staff health and wellness.

 

Section 4.31 Hitchhiking

Hitchhiking is allowed only in established roadside pullouts.

Justification: It is occasionally necessary for park visitors to solicit transportation from others in order to reach their destinations and in order to complete hikes at Cedar Breaks National Monument. In order to provide for this transportation need and the safety considerations associated with hitchhiking, it will be allowed only in established roadside pullouts.

Last updated: August 27, 2021

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Mailing Address:

Cedar Breaks National Monument: Administrative Office
2390 West Highway 56 Suite #11

Cedar City , UT 84720

Phone:

(435) 986-7120

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