The Lure of the Mountains

Historic Parkway Pics - EN- Vol
Touring the mountains on the Blue Ridge Parkway in the early days.

NPS photo

Tourism in the mountains is not new. In fact, it dates back into the mid-19th century and earlier, although it was certainly reserved for the wealthy in the early days. Many people, including those who pushed for mountain parks, spoke of the healthful or "salubrious" climate of the mountains. Many of the "healing springs" or resorts in the Virginia and North Carolina mountains date to this time period as well.

The Peaks of Otter, at Milepost 86 north of Roanoke, has a long history of attracting visitors. A hotel was built here in the 1850s and was remodeled numerous times before the current modern lodge was constructed.

Thomas Jefferson wrote of the Peaks of Otter in his Notes on the State of Virginia which he finished in 1781. We can forgive him for thinking that the Peaks were "of a greater height, measured from their base, than any others in our country, and perhaps in North America."

In 1864, Civil War Union soldiers from Hunters' Raid crossed the mountains at the Peaks, climbed up Sharp Top, and sounding like the modern visitor, noted "As far as the eyes can reach, a fine undulating country is seen. The Peaks of Otter is the finest sight for mountain scenery." Hunter's artillery commander, Capt. Henry A. du Pont, later wrote that "one of the most superb views on the whole American Continent lay before us."

Two years after the end of the Civil War, Robert E. Lee and his youngest daughter Mildred took a vacation that included a ride up Sharp Top Mountain. Lee rode Traveler, the horse that had carried him through most of the battles of the war, and Mildred rode Lucy Long, a family steed that had also been battle tested. "We sat for a long time on a great rock," Mildred recalled, "gazing down on the glorious prospect beneath." She noted that her father seemed lost in thought, very sad, and spoke few words.

Further south, the lure of these mountains is also evidenced by numerous summer and vacation homes built in the area. Two wealthy Americans of the Gilded Age, George Vanderbilt and Moses Cone, chose locations in the North Carolina mountains for their homes. Today's visitors can see the Cone's Flat Top Manor at Milepost 294. And a short hike from the Pisgah Inn at Milepost 408 will take you to the former site of George Vanderbilt's hunting lodge at Buck Spring. Nearby, in Asheville, you can also visit Vanderbilt's Biltmore Estate.

Last updated: November 20, 2019

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