Brown-headed nuthatches are found throughout the coastal states of the southeastern United States from North Carolina to Texas. These birds frequently inhabit pine forests because they rely on pine trees for everything from food to shelter.
Cox, J. A., & Slater, G. L. (2007). Cooperative breeding in the Brown-headed Nuthatch. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 119(1), 1-8.
Cusick, J. A., de Villa, M., DuVal, E. H., & Cox, J. A. (2018). How do helpers help? Helper contributions throughout the nesting cycle in the cooperatively breeding brown-headed nuthatch. Behavioral ecology and sociobiology, 72(3), 1-13.
Han, K. L., Cox, J. A., & Kimball, R. T. (2015). Uncommon levels of relatedness and parentage in a cooperatively breeding bird, the brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla). The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 127(4), 593-600.
O’Halloran, K. A., & Conner, R. N. (1987). Habitat used by Brown-headed Nuthatches. Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society, 20(1), 7-13.
Last updated: April 21, 2021